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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › PlotinusPlotinus - Wikipedia

    Head in white marble. The identification as Plotinus is plausible but not proven. Plotinus ( / plɒˈtaɪnəs /; Greek: Πλωτῖνος, Plōtînos; c. 204/5 – 270 CE) was a philosopher in the Hellenistic tradition, born and raised in Roman Egypt. Plotinus is regarded by modern scholarship as the founder of Neoplatonism.

    • Life and Writings
    • The Three Fundamental Principles of Plotinus’ Metaphysics
    • Human Psychology and Ethics
    • Beauty
    • Principal Opponents
    • Influence

    Owing to the unusually fulsome biography by Plotinus’ disciplePorphyry, we know more about Plotinus’ life than we do about mostancient philosophers’. The main facts are these. Plotinus was born in Lycopolis, Egypt in 204 or 205 C.E. When he was28, a growing interest in philosophy led him to the feet of oneAmmonius Saccas in Alexandria. After ten or...

    The three basic principles of Plotinus’ metaphysics are called by him‘the One’ (or, equivalently, ‘the Good’),Intellect, and Soul (see V 1; V 9.). These principles are bothultimate ontological realities and explanatory principles. Plotinusbelieved that they were recognized by Plato as such, as well as by theentire subsequent Platonic tradition. The...

    The drama of human life is viewed by Plotinus against the axis ofGood and evil outlined above. The human person is essentially a soulemploying a body as an instrument of its temporary embodied life (seeI 1). Thus, Plotinus distinguishes between the person and thecomposite of soul and body. That person is identical with a cognitiveagent or subject o...

    Plotinus’ chronologically first treatise, ‘On Beauty’ (I6), can be seen as parallel to his treatise on virtue (I 2). In it,he tries to fit the experience of beauty into the drama of ascent tothe first principle of all. In this respect, Plotinus’ aesthetics isinseparable from his metaphysics, psychology, and ethics. As in the case of virtue, Plotinu...

    Plotinus regarded himself as a loyal Platonist, an accurate exegete ofthe Platonic revelation. By the middle of the 3rd century CE, thephilosophical world was populated with a diverse array ofanti-Platonists. In the Enneads, we find Plotinus engagedwith many of these opponents of Platonism. In his creative response tothese we find many of his origi...

    Porphyry’s edition of Plotinus’ Enneads preserved forposterity the works of the leading Platonic interpreter of antiquity.Through these works as well as through the writings of Porphyryhimself (234 – c. 305 C.E.) and Iamblichus (c. 245–325C.E.), Plotinus shaped the entire subsequent history of philosophy.Until well into the 19thcentury, Platonism w...

  2. Jan 1, 2023 · Plotinus, (born 205 ce, Lyco, or Lycopolis, Egypt?—died 270, Campania), ancient philosopher, the centre of an influential circle of intellectuals and men of letters in 3rd-century Rome, who is regarded by modern scholars as the founder of the Neoplatonic school of philosophy. The only important source for the life of Plotinus is the biography that his disciple and editor Porphyry wrote as a ...

    • Life and Work
    • Metaphysics and Cosmology
    • Psychology and Epistemology
    • Ethics
    • References and Further Reading

    Plotinus was born in 204 C.E. in Egypt, the exact location of which is unknown. In his mid-twenties Plotinus gravitated to Alexandria, where he attended the lectures of various philosophers, not finding satisfaction with any until he discovered the teacher Ammonius Saccas. He remained with Ammonius until 242, at which time he joined up with the Emp...

    Plotinus is not a metaphysical thinker in the strict sense of the term. He is often referred to as a ‘mystical’ thinker, but even this designation fails to express the philosophical rigor of his thought. Jacques Derrida has remarked that the system of Plotinus represents the “closure of metaphysics” as well as the “transgression” of metaphysical th...

    Plotinus’ contributions to the philosophical understanding of the individual psyche, of personality and sense-perception, and the essential question of how we come to know what we know, cannot be properly understood or appreciated apart from his cosmological and metaphysical theories. However, the Enneads do contain more than a few treatises and pa...

    The highest attainment of the individual soul is, for Plotinus, “likeness to God as far as is possible” (I.2.1; cf. Plato, Theaetetus 176b). This likeness is achieved through the soul’s intimate state of contemplation of its prior — the Higher Soul — which is, in fact, the individual soul in its own purified state. Now since the Soul does not come ...

    Elmer O’Brien, S. J. (1964) tr., The Essential Plotinus: Representative Treatises From The Enneads (Hackett Publishing).
    Plotinus, The Enneads, tr. Stephen MacKenna, with Introduction and Notes by John Dillon (Penguin Books: 1991).
    Plotinus, The Enneads, tr. A. H. Armstrong, including the Greek, in 7 volumes (Loeb Classical Library, Harvard-London: 1966-1968).
    Porphyry, Launching-Points to the Realm of Mind, tr. Kenneth Guthrie (Phanes Press: 1988). [A translation of Pros ta noeta aphorismoi]
  3. Plotinus and his philosophy. As far as is known, the originator of this distinctive kind of Platonism was Plotinus (205–270 ce).He had been the pupil at Alexandria of a self-taught philosopher called Ammonius, who also taught the Christian Origen and the latter’s pagan namesake, and whose influence on his pupils seems to have been deep and lasting.

  4. Aug 23, 2015 · Plotinus (c. 204-270 CE) was a Platonic philosopher born in Lycopolis, Egypt.Although the story of his life was written down by his student Porphyry, few biographical details are included because Plotinus rejected the physical world of appearances in favor of the realm of the mind and considered trivialites such as his birth date, family, ancestry and personal endeavors unworthy of mention.

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