Early life. Prince Andrew was born at the Tatoi Palace just north of Athens on 2 February 1882, the fourth son of George I of Greece.A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, he was a prince of both Greece and Denmark, as his father was a younger son of Christian IX of Denmark.
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark was born in Athens, Greece, as the fourth son and seventh overall child of the King of Greece and Denmark, King George I. His mother was a Russian royal, Olga Constantinovna.
- Early Life
- Marriage and Children
- Early Career
- Exile from Greece
- Death and Burial
- Further Reading
Prince Andrew was born at the Tatoi Palace just north of Athens on February 2, 1882, the fourth son of George I of Greece. He was taught English by his caretakers as he grew up, but in conversations with his parents he refused to speak anything but Greek. He also spoke German, Danish, Russian, and French. He attended cadet school and staff college at Athens, and was given additional private tuition in military subjects by Panagiotis Danglis, who recorded that he was "quick and intelligent." He "became quite friendly" with fellow student Theodore Pangalos. Despite his short-sightedness,Andrew joined the army as a cavalry officer in May 1901.
In 1902, Prince Andrew met Princess Alice of Battenberg during his stay in London on the occasion of the coronation of her grand-uncle and his aunt's husband, King Edward VII, in London. Princess Alice was a daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. They fell in love, and the following year, on 6 October 1903, Andrew married Alice in a civil wedding at Darmstadt. The following day two religious wedding services were performed: one Lutheran in the Evangelical Castle Church, and another Greek Orthodoxin the Russian Chapel on the Mathildenhöhe. Prince and Princess Andrew had five children, all of whom later had children of their own.
In 1909, the political situation in Greece led to a coup d'état, as the Athens government refused to support the Cretan parliament, which had called for the union of Crete (still nominally part of the Ottoman Empire) with the Greek mainland. A group of dissatisfied officers formed a Greek nationalist Military League that eventually led to Prince Andrew's resignation from the army and the rise to power of Eleftherios Venizelos. A few years later, at the outbreak of the Balkan Wars in 1912, Andrew was reinstated in the army as a lieutenant colonel in the 3rd Cavalry Regiment, and placed in command of a field hospital. During the war, his father was assassinated and Andrew inherited a villa on the island of Corfu, Mon Repos. In 1914, Andrew (like many European princes) held honorary military posts in both the German and Russian empires, as well as Prussian, Russian, Danish and Italian knighthoods. During World War I, he...
For three years, Constantine's second son, Alexander, was king of Greece, until his early death from an infection due to a monkey bite. Constantine was restored to the throne, and Andrew was once again reinstated in the army, this time as a major-general. The family took up residence at Mon Repos. Andrew was given command of the II Army Corps during the Battle of the Sakarya, which effectively stalemated the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922). Andrew had little respect for his superior officers, whom he considered incompetent. On 19 September 1921, Andrew was ordered to attack the Turkish positions, which he considered a desperate move little short "of ill-concealed panic". Refusing to put his men in undue danger, Andrew followed his own battle plan, much to the dismay of the commanding general, Anastasios Papoulas. Relieved of his chief of staff, and given a dressing-down by Papoulas, Andrew offered to resign his command...
He died in the Hotel Metropole, Monte-Carlo, Monaco of heart failure and arteriosclerosis just as the war was ending. Andrew was at first buried in the Russian Orthodox church in Nice, but in 1946 his remains were transferred, by the Greek cruiser Averof, to the royal cemetery at Tatoi Palace, near Athens. Prince Philip and then-private secretary, Mike Parker, traveled to Monte-Carlo to collect items belonging to his father from Countess Andrée de La Bigne; among these items: a signet ring which the Prince wore from then onwards, an ivory shaving brush he took to using, and some clothes he had adapted to fit him. Prince Andrew left to his only son seven-tenths of his estate, but he left behind a debt of £17,500, leading Philip's maternal grandmother, Victoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven, to complain bitterly of the extravagance the Greek prince had been led into by his French mistress.Brandreth, Gyles (2004). Philip and Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage. London: Century. ISBN 0-7126-6103-4Clogg, Richard (1979). A Short History of Modern Greece. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22479-9Heald, Tim (1991). The Duke: A Portrait of Prince Philip. London: Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-54607-7Van der Kiste, John (1994). Kings of the Hellenes. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Alan Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-0525-5
Greece, Prince Andrew of (1930). Towards Disaster: The Greek Army in Asia Minor in 1921London: John Murray.
Andrew was the son of King George I, a German speaking Danish Prince and also King of Greece, and the Russian Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova. King Edward VII and Tsar Alexander III were his brothers-in-law, and King George V of England, Tsar Nicholas II, King Christian X of Denmark and King Haakon VII of Norway were his nephews.
- Stephen Rutledge
Prince Andrew Of Greece And Denmark - YouTube Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the seventh child and fourth son of King George I of...
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2 days ago · Philip was born into the Greek royal family on June 10, 1921, on the island of Corfu and christened Philippos by his parents. His father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, who was in the ...
Oct 07, 2017 · Andrew was legally a Greek prince and he was born in Athens, but he possessed no Greek heritage and his family didn’t consider itself Greek. His father was King George I of Greece, who arrived in Athens for the first time at the age of 17 in 1863.
Queen Elizabeth II's husband was born on June 10, 1921, in Corfu, Greece, the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (†62) and Princess Alice of Battenberg (†84).
1 day ago · Philip's dad, Prince Andrew, was the younger brother of King Constantine I of Greece and the grandson of King Christian IX of Denmark. Because of his father's Greek and Danish roots, Philip was known as Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark. Prince Philip wasn't a resident of the Greek island Corfu for very long.
Jul 14, 2019 · Who was Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark? Her Royal Highness Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark was the third-eldest sister to Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh. Her father was the Grand Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and her mother, the Princess Alice of Battenberg.
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