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  1. Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: 12. Nicholas I of Russia: 6. Alexander II of Russia: 13. Princess Charlotte of Prussia: 3. Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia: 14. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine: 7. Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine: 15. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden

  2. Sep 15, 2021 · Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse became head of the Electoral House of Hesse (also known as Hesse-Kassel) in 1940. In 1968, upon the death of his childless distant cousin, Prince Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine, Philipp inherited the headship of the former Grand Ducal House of Hesse and by Rhine as well. This reunited the last two remaining branches of ...

  3. Sep 04, 2021 · Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine (* 23.4.1809, O 22.10.1836, † 20.3.1877) Grand Duke Ludwig III of Hesse and by Rhine Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine, Empress consort of All the Russias: Princess Elisabeth of Prussia (* 18.6.1815, O 22.10.1836, † 21.3.1885) Princess Marie of Prussia, Queen ...

  4. Sep 04, 2021 · Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine Age 7 (born 5 April 1863, will die on 24 September 1950), Granddaughter of the sovereign Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine Age 5 (born 1 November 1864, will die on 18 July 1918), Granddaughter of the sovereign Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine

  5. Sep 12, 2021 · Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Age 25 (born 25 November 1876, will die on 2 March 1936), Niece of the sovereign Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine Age 6 (born 11 March 1895, will die on 16 November 1903), Great niece of the sovereign Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

    • Early Life
    • Crown Princess
    • Queen of Romania
    • Widowhood
    • Legacy

    Birth Marie was the eldest daughter and second child of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, and the former Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, respectively the son of Queen Victoria and the daughter of Emperor Alexander II. She was born at her parents' residence, Eastwell Manor in Kent, on 29 October 1875, at 10:30 a.m., in the presence of her father. Her birth was celebrated by firing the Park and Tower guns. She was named Marie Alexandra Victoria, after her mother and grandmothers, but she was informally known as "Missy". The Duke of Edinburgh wrote that his daughter "promises to be as fine a child as her brother and gives every evidence of finely developed lungs and did so before she was fairly in the world." As a grandchild of the reigning British monarch in the male line, Marie was formally styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Marie of Edinburgh" from birth. Marie's christening took place in the private chapel of Windsor Castle on 15 December 1875 and was officiated by Art...

    Domestic life The first years of Marie and Ferdinand's marriage were not particularly easy, and Marie would later tell her husband that "it is such a shame that we had to waste so many years of our youth just to learn how to live together!" Gradually, the couple's relationship became based on a cordial friendship: Marie accorded Ferdinand respect she believed he was due as a man and, later, as king, and he respected her because he realised that she had a better understanding of the world than he did. Eventually, Marie came to believe that she and Ferdinand were "the best associates, the most loyal companions, but our lives intertwine only in certain matters". Ferdinand enjoyed Marie's presence during military marches and consequently, she was frequently invited to this sort of event. Marie gave birth to her first child, Prince Carol, only nine months after the marriage, on 15 October 1893. Although Marie requested the use of chloroform in order to ease the pains of labour, doctors w...

    World War I On 11 October 1914, Marie and Ferdinand were acclaimed as king and queen in the Chamber of Deputies. Princess Anne Marie Callimachi, a close friend of Marie's, wrote that "as Crown Princess, [Marie] had been popular; as queen, she was more loved". Marie maintained a certain influence on her husband and the entire court, leading historian A. L. Easterman to write that "it was not [Ferdinand], but Marie who ruled in Romania". At the time of Ferdinand's ascension, the government was led by the liberal prime minister Ion I. C. Brătianu. Ferdinand and Marie jointly decided to not make many changes in court and let people accept the transition from one regime to another, rather than force them. Thus, many of Carol and Elisabeth's servants were kept in place, even the ones who were not particularly liked. With Brătianu's help, Marie began pressuring Ferdinand into entering the war; concurrently, she contacted various reigning relatives in Europe and bargained for the best terms...

    1927–1930 Prince Carol sparked a dynastic crisis when he officially renounced his rights to succeed Ferdinand on 5 January 1926, simultaneously waiving all parental rights over Prince Michael, who had been proclaimed heir apparent. A Provisional Regency Bill was passed, creating a regency council composed of Prince Nicholas; the Orthodox Patriarch, Miron Cristea; and Gheorghe Buzdugan, the president of the Court of Cassation. However, both Marie and Ferdinand were reluctant to leave the country in the hands of a five-year-old boy, even overseen by a regency, for fear that the lands gained during World War I would be reclaimed by neighbouring countries and that political disturbances might lead to civil unrest. Nevertheless, when Marie returned from America, Ferdinand's death seemed imminent. He was suffering from intestinal cancer, and by April 1927 had come so close to death as to be given the last rites of the Catholic Church. He died on 20 July, in Marie's arms. She later wrote:...

    Author According to one of her biographers, Diana Mandache, Marie published 34 books and short stories, both in Romanian and English, during her lifetime. This included her critically acclaimed autobiography, The Story of My Life, published by Cassell in London, in three volumes. The book was reviewed by Virginia Woolf, who felt it was too familiarizing of the royal family. She stated that "suppose that among the autumn books of 2034 is Prometheus Unbound, by George the Sixth, or Wuthering Heights, by Elizabeth the Second, what will be the effect upon their loyal subjects? Will the British Empire survive? Will Buckingham Palace look as solid then as it does now? Words are dangerous things, let us remember. A republic might be brought into being by a poem." Marie kept a diary from December 1918 until shortly before her death. The first volume was published in 1996. Public figure Even before her ascension as queen, Marie had succeeded in establishing her public image as that of "one o...

  6. Sep 15, 2021 · Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse became head of the Electoral House of Hesse (also known as Hesse-Kassel) in 1940. In 1968, upon the death of his childless distant cousin, Prince Ludwig of Hesse and by Rhine, Philipp inherited the headship of the former Grand Ducal House of Hesse and by Rhine as well. This reunited the last two remaining branches of ...

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    Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine (1874–1878)