en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protectorate_of_Bohemia_and_Moravia#:~:text=From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Protectorate of,of the Czech lands on 15 March 1939.
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was a partially annexed territory of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of the Czech lands on 15 March 1939.
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5 days ago · Protectorates form one of the oldest features of international relations, dating back to the Roman Empire. Civitates foederatae were cities that were subordinate to Rome for their foreign relations. In the Middle Ages, Andorra was a protectorate of France and Spain. Modern protectorate concepts were devised in the nineteenth century. Typology
6 days ago · The Protectorate was the period during the Commonwealth (or, to monarchists, the Interregnum) when England and Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and the English overseas possessions were governed by a Lord Protector as a republic.
- List of former British protectorates
- List of former British protected states
British protectorates were protectorates under the jurisdiction of the British government. Many territories which became British protectorates already had local rulers with whom the Crown negotiated through treaty, acknowledging their status whilst simultaneously offering protection. British protectorates were therefore governed by indirect rule. In most cases, the local ruler, as well as the subjects of the ruler, were not British subjects. British protected states represented a more loose form
When the British took over Cephalonia in 1809, they proclaimed, "We present ourselves to you, Inhabitants of Cephalonia, not as invaders, with views of conquest, but as allies who hold forth to you the advantages of British protection." When the British continued to occupy the Ionian Islands after the Napoleonic wars, they did not formally annex the islands but described them as a protectorate. The islands were constituted by the Treaty of Paris in 1815 as the independent United States of the Io
*protectorates which existed alongside a colony of the same name
As protected states, the following states were never officially part of the British Empire and retained near-total control over internal affairs; however, the British controlled their foreign policy. Their status was rarely advertised while it was in effect, it becoming clear only after it was lifted. 1. Brunei 2. Emirate of Afghanistan 3. Bhutan 4. Kingdom of Nepal 5. Kingdom of Egypt 6. Federation of Malaya Federated Malay States Negeri Sembilan Sungai Ujong Jelebu Pahang Perak Selangor Unfede
- Postage stamps
The Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in Southern Africa. It became the Republic of Botswana on 30 September 1966.
Scottish missionary John Mackenzie, a Congregationalist of the London Missionary Society, who lived at Shoshong from 1862–76, "believed that the Ngwato and other African peoples with whom he worked were threatened by Boer freebooters encroaching on their territory from the south." He campaigned for the establishment of what became the Bechuanaland Protectorate, to be ruled directly from Britain. Austral Africa: Losing It or Ruling It is Mackenzie's account of events leading to the ...
The proclamation of a protectorate flanked by a new Crown colony to the south were primarily intended as safeguards against further expansion by Germany, Portugal, or Boers. Contrary to what was reported at the time by Warren and others, not all chiefs affected by the protectorate were in favour of it. The most powerful ruler was King Khama III, who had strong support from the British government, and was especially popular among evangelicals in Britain. He collaborated closely with the British m
The Bechuanaland Protectorate was one of the "High Commission Territories", the others being Basutoland and Swaziland. The High Commissioner had the authority of a governor. The office was first held by the governor of the Cape Colony, then by the Governor-General of South Africa, then by British High Commissioners and Ambassadors to South Africa until independence. In each of the three territories the administration was headed by a Resident Commissioner with approximately the same functions of
Bechuanaland postage stamps were issued from 1888 to 1966. Overprinted stamps were issued until 1932, when the first stamps inscribed "Bechuanaland Protectorate" were issued. On 14 February 1961 the South African rand was introduced, necessitating the surcharging of the existing definitive stamps until new ones were issued.
- Administrative subdivisions
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was a partially annexed territory of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of the Czech lands on 15 March 1939. Earlier, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938, Nazi Germany had incorporated the Czech Sudetenland territory as a Reichsgau. The protectorate's population was majority ethnic Czech, while the Sudetenland was majority ethnic German. Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14
On 10 October 1938, when Czechoslovakia was forced to accept the terms of the Munich Agreement, Germany incorporated the Sudetenland, on the Czechoslovak border with Germany and Austria proper, with its majority of ethnic German inhabitants, directly into the Reich. Five months later, when, with German support, the Slovak parliament declared the independence of the Slovak Republic, Hitler summoned Czechoslovak President Emil Hácha to Berlin and intimidated him into accepting the German ...
The population of the protectorate was mobilized for labor that would aid the German war effort, and special offices were organized to supervise the management of industries important to that effort. The Germans drafted Czechs to work in coal mines, in the iron and steel industry, and in armaments production. Consumer-goods production, much diminished, was largely directed toward supplying the German armed forces. The protectorate's population was subjected to rationing. First issue of currency
After the establishment of the Protectorate all political parties were outlawed, with the exception of the National Partnership. This local Czech Fascist party was led by a ruling Presidium until 1942, after which a Vůdce for the party was appointed.
The area of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia contained about 7,380,000 inhabitants in 1940. 225,000 of these were of German origin, while the rest were mainly ethnic Czechs as well as some Slovaks, particularly near the border with Slovakia. Ethnic Germans were offered Reich citizenship, while Jews and Czechs were from the outset second-class citizens. In March 1939, Karl Frank defined a "German national" as: Whoever professes himself to be a member of the German nation is a member of the
For administrative purposes the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was divided into two Länder: Böhmen and Mähren. Each of these was further subdivided into Oberlandratsbezirke, each comprising a number of Bezirke.
For party administrative purposes the Nazi Party extended its Gau-system to Bohemia and Moravia when the Protectorate was established. This step divided the remaining parts of Bohemia and Moravia up between its four surrounding Gaue: 1. Reichsgau Sudetenland 2. Gau Bayreuth 3. Re
5 days ago · The Saar Protectorate (German: Saarprotektorat; French: Protectorat de la Sarre) officially Saarland (French: Sarre) was a short-lived protectorate (1946–1957) partitioned from Germany after its defeat in World War II; it was administered by the French Fourth Republic.
5 days ago · The French Protectorate of Morocco (French: Protectorat français au Maroc; Arabic: الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب ), also known as French Morocco, was the French military occupation of a large part of Morocco established in the form of a colonial regime imposed by France while preserving the Moroccan royal regime known as the Sherifian Empire under French rule.
Dec 29, 2020 · The Protectorate: 1653–1658 The House of Commons tried hard to control the army, but could not: in 1653, Cromwell dissolved the House of Commons, yielded legislative power to 139 people of his confidence and took the title of Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, with powers wider than those enjoyed by the monarch.