Queen Mother, also known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, is best known as Queen Elizabeth II's mother — was she a queen?
The Cheat Sheet
2 days ago
Mother. Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck. Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from 1936 to 1952 as the wife of King George VI. She was the last Empress of India from 1936 until India gained independence from Britain in 1947.
- Marriage and Family
- Activities as Queen
- Royal Tours
- Public Duties
- Leisure Activities
- Arms and Standards
Lady Elizabeth was educated at home By the age of 10, she was fluent in French. When the First World War started - coincidentally on her 14th birthday - Glamis Castle became a hospital. Although Lady Elizabeth was too young to work as a nurse, she did assist with welfare work with the patients. One of her brothers, Fergus, was killed at the Battle of Loos in 1915.
From childhood days Lady Elizabeth and her older sisters had been friendly with the children of King George V and Queen Mary. Occasionally, members of the Royal Family stayed at Glamis Castle. In 1922 Lady Elizabeth acted as one of the bridesmaids at the wedding of their daughter, Princess Mary. In January 1923 came the announcement of her engagement to HRH The Duke of York (Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George), The King and Queen's second son. They were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey. They had two children, Princess Elizabeth, born on 21 April 1926 at the Strathmores' London home, 17 Bruton Street, and Princess Margaret, born on 21 August 1930 at Glamis Castle. Princess Margaret predeceased her mother, dying on 9 February 2002. View footage of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's (then Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon) wedding cake being viewed by the public in Reading:
King George V died in January 1936. When King Edward VIII abdicated on 11 December the same year, his brother, Albert, Duke of York, was proclaimed King George VI, and his Duchess became Queen Elizabeth, the first British-born Queen consort since Tudor times.
The King and Queen continued to visit other Commonwealth nations and overseas countries. Between the coronation and the outbreak of war in September 1939 they made two important visits: in July 1938 to France, and May and June 1939 to Canada and the USA. With the outbreak of war in 1939, there was some suggestion that the Queen and her daughters should evacuate to North America or Canada. To this the Queen made her famous reply: 'The children won't go without me. I won't leave the King. And the King will never leave.' Thus throughout the Second World War the Queen and her children shared the dangers and difficulties of the rest of the nation. She was in Buckingham Palace when it was bombed in September 1940. She and the King visited badly damaged areas throughout the country after the air-raids, and toured Britain visiting hospitals, factories and troops. After the war, in 1947, they went on an extensive tour of South Africa. In 1948 the King and Queen celebrated their Silver Weddin...
Her first public appearance after her wedding was on 30 June 1923, at the RAF pageant at Hendon. After that, the Duchess made many overseas journeys with the Duke. Six months after their wedding they went to Belgrade, where they both stood sponsor at the christening of the future King Peter II of Yugoslavia. Later they travelled to Kenya, Uganda and the Sudan, and in 1927 they spent six months on a world tour, during which the Duke opened the Federal Parliament of Australia in Canberra, the new capital.
After the King's death, The Queen Mother continued her public duties in the UK and overseas. These included over 40 official visits abroad, including a 1989 visit to Canada which marked the 50th anniversary of her first visit there. Her Majesty was Patron or President of some 350 organisations. She was Commandant-in-Chief of the Army and Air Force Women's Services, and for Women in the Royal Navy, and held other Service appointments. For many years she was President of the British Red Cross Society, and she was Commandant-in-Chief of the Nursing Division of the St John Ambulance Brigade. She was also Colonel-in-Chief or Honorary Colonel of many UK and overseas regiments, and Commandant-in-Chief of the Royal Air Force Central Flying School. View footage of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's visit to Heinz in 1959:
In 1952 Queen Elizabeth moved out of Buckingham Palace to Clarence House in St James's Palace. In 1953 she bought the Castle of Mey, in the extreme north-east of Scotland, and spent time there each year in August and October. The Queen Mother also always found time to pursue her love of the countryside and sport; she was a keen and expert fisherwoman and enjoyed horse racing, being a leading owner of steeplechasers.
In heraldic terms, the Arms of The Queen Mother are described: The Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland impaling quarterly first and fourth (for LYON) argent, a lion rampant azure, armed and langued gules, within a double tressure flory counter-flory of the second; second and third (for BOWES) Ermine, three Bows, strings palewise proper. Her Arms, without any supporters, crowns or garters, were used as her Standard.
The Queen Mother was appointed a Lady of the Garter on 14 December 1936. At the time of the coronation - highly appropriate for a Queen of Scottish birth - the King also appointed her the first Lady of the Thistle ever created. The Queen Mother also received a number of orders, decorations and medals, both in this country and from overseas.
May 18, 2021 · Queen Elizabeth was the Queen consort of King George VI until his death in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother to avoid confusion with her daughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
Dec 16, 2020 · The Queen Mother's eldest daughter, Elizabeth, also became third in line. Outside of royal tours and appearances, the Duke and Duchess of York prepared for a quiet life out of the public eye with ...
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, or just The Queen Mother was the wife ( Queen Consort) of King George VI of the United Kingdom from 1936 until his death in 1952. After her husband's death, she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, so that she would not ...
May 17, 2002 · Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother has bequeathed her entire estate (which mainly comprises the contents of her houses) to The Queen. In her will, she asked The Queen to make certain bequests to members of her staff, and these bequests will be subject to Inheritance Tax in the normal way.