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  1. Sindarin - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindarin

    1 day ago · Quenya was the language of the Exiled High-Elves returning to Middle-earth. The Exiles , being relatively few in number, eventually adopted a form of Sindarin: a southern dialect (of which the purest and most archaic variety was used in Doriath ruled by Thingol).

  2. Quinoa - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinoa

    2 days ago · Chenopodium quinoa is a dicotyledonous annual plant, usually about 1–2 m (3–7 ft) high. It has broad, generally powdery, hairy, lobed leaves, normally arranged alternately. The woody central stem is branched or unbranched depending on the variety and may be green, red or purple.

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  4. Palantíri - Tolkien Gateway

    tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Palantíri
    • History
    • Timeline
    • Appearance
    • The Stones
    • Usage
    • Etymology
    • References

    [edit] Origin and early history

    The palantíri were probably made by Fëanor in the Uttermost West. Many palantíri were made, but the number is not known. A Master-stone was in the Tower of Avallónë. The Eldar brought some of them to Amandil to comfort the Faithful, as the Shadow fell upon Númenorand they couldn't visit them any more. Elendil took seven with him in his flight to Middle-earth upon the Downfall of Númenor, and when the Realms in Exile were formed in S.A. 3320, they were distributed to seven different locations:...

    [edit] Third Age and beyond

    One by one the stones vanished from public knowledge or were lost. The Osgiliath-stone fell into Anduin during the Kin-strife and burning of that city in T.A. 1437. When Arvedui, King of Arnor, was shipwrecked and his line ended in 1975, he drowned with the palantíri of Amon Sûl and Annúminas, the only communicating stones of Arnor. When Minas Ithil fell in 2002, the stone was assumed destroyed in general. The wiser and more foresighted men of Gondor decided that in case Sauron had seized the...

    S.A. 3319 - Downfall of Númenor; seven Stones are taken to Middle-earth by the Faithful.
    T.A. 861 - Division of Arnor; the Amon Sûl-stone is contested by Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur.
    T.A. 1409 - The watchtower of Amon Sûl is destroyed by Angmar's forces; the Amon Sûl-stone is taken to Fornost Erain.
    T.A. 1437 - Burning of Osgiliath; the Osgiliath-stone falls into Anduin.

    They were perfect spheres, appearing to be made of solid glass or deep black crystal. The smallest stones were one foot in diameter; the larger stones too large for a single man to bear. They were unbreakable save, some thought, by the fires of Orodruin.

    The Master-stone was not one of the seven, but remained in the Tower of Avallónë in Tol Eressëa. It was the master stone. It apparently could not communicate with the stones of Middle-earth, or at...

    All the stones save for the Elostirion-stone could be used in communication with one another, although the bigger and more powerful stones were favoured for this use over long distances. The great Osgiliath-stone could spy on communication by the lesser stones, and a few others apparently also had special abilities. The stones' gaze could penetrate beyond any solid object, such as into deep caverns, but required light to see anything. A technique called shroudingwas used when something was to be kept secret from any possible watchers using the stones. Knowledge of this technique was lost in time, although Sauron probably knew of it. The user or "surveyor" of a palantírwould first assure himself that the stone was oriented properly. Usually the stones were held firmly so that this did not have to occur at each viewing. Then the surveyor would take up a position facing the direction he would want to look; for instance, if he wished to look west, he would stand on the eastern side of t...

    The name palantír (pl. palantíri) is Quenya, meaning "Far-seer", containing the element palan("far and wide"). The Sindarin name for the seeing-stones is Gwahaedir.

    ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
    ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
    ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
    ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Palantíri"
  5. Arwen - Tolkien Gateway

    tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Arwen

    5 days ago · The Quenya form of her name is not entirely certain, but in his Quenya greeting, Aragorn refers to her again as "Arwen" (Arwen vanimelda, namárië!). This suggests that the form Arwen itself is also coincidentally a valid, or at least understandable, Quenya calque (using ar-, stem Arwend-).

  6. Men - Tolkien Gateway

    tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Men
    • Origins and Nature
    • Groups and Alignments
    • Names and Etymology
    • References

    The race of Men is the second race of beings created by the Eru Ilúvatar. Because they awoke at the start of the First Age of the Sun, while the Elves awoke three Ages before them, they are called the Secondborn (Quenya: Atani, Sindarin: Edain) by the Elves. Men awoke in a land located in the far east of Middle-earth called Hildórien. When the Sun rose for the first time in the far West, Men began to wander towards it, a journey which culminated in some of them reaching Beleriand centuries later. There is much evidence that, soon after their awakening, Morgoth came to Men and incited them to worship him and turn away from Ilúvatar, and that they complied. Though all were seduced by the Enemy, some Men repented and escaped; they were said to be the ancestors of the Edain. Men bear the so-called Gift of Men, mortality. Elves are immortal, in the sense that even if their bodies are slain, their spirits remain bound to the world, going to the Halls of Mandos to wait until they are relea...

    Although all Men are related to one another, there are many different groups with different cultures. The most important group in the tales of the First Age were the Edain. Although the word Edain technically refers to all Men, the Elves used it to distinguish those Men who fought with them in the First Age against Morgoth in Beleriand. The Edain were divided into three Houses. The First House of the Edain was the House of Bëor, and entered Beleriand in F.A. 310 and were granted the fief of Ladros in Dorthonion by Finrod Felagund. The Second House of the Edain, the Haladin, was led by Haldad and later by his daughter Haleth and settled in the Forest of Brethil. The Third House, which became the greatest, was led by Marach and later his descendant Hador, and they settled in Dor-lómin. This house was known both as the House of Marach and the House of Hador. Other Men did not cross the Misty Mountainsor fight against Morgoth. However, some, such as the Easterlings, fought openly on his...

    The Elves called the race of Mankind with poetic names that refer to their later coming, and their mortality. They are mostly called Atani in Quenya, literally meaning "Second ones" (the Elves being the First), but also Hildor (Followers or Aftercomers), Apanónar (Q. Afterborn), Secondborn, Younger Children of Iluvatar, Strangers and Usurpers because they dominated Arda after the Elves. Sindarin names were Ephedin or Ephedrim(Followers). Other names were Fírimar (Mortals), Engwar (The Sickly), the Self-cursed and the Guestsbecause their fate was outside Arda. Other names by the Elves, apparently referring to their differences from themselves are Inscrutable, the Heavy-handed, the Night-fearers, and the Children of the Sunbecause they awoke with the Sun. Hobbits called them the Big People or the Big Folk, especially in Bree. The name Atani is cognate with Sindarin Edain, but the latter term was later applied not to the race, but only to the peoples of Beleriand who aided the Elves in...

    ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor"
    ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
    ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain"
    ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  7. Ñ - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enye

    2 days ago · It became part of the Spanish alphabet in the eighteenth century when it was first formally defined, but it is also used in other languages such as Galician, Asturian, the Aragonese Grafra di Uesca, Basque, Chavacano, some Philippine languages (especially Filipino and Bisayan), Chamorro, Guarani, Quechua, Mapudungun, Mandinka, and Tetum alphabets, as well as in Latin transliteration of Tocharian and Sanskrit, where it represents [ ɲ].

  8. Eagle (Middle-earth) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eagle_(Middle-earth)

    3 days ago · In J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional universe of Middle-earth, the eagles were immense flying birds that were sapient and could speak. Often emphatically referred to as the Great Eagles, they appear, usually and intentionally serving as agents of eucatastrophe or deus ex machina, in his legendarium, from The Silmarillion and the accounts of Númenor to The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.

  9. Míriel - Tolkien Gateway

    tolkiengateway.net/wiki/Míriel
    • History
    • Etymology
    • Other Versions of The Legendarium
    • References

    Míriel lived in the blessed realm of Aman, in the hill city of Tirion on Túna, together with her husband Finwë High King of the Noldor. Her hands were skilled in the shaping of fine things, and she was unsurpassed in weaving and needlework. There was much love between Míriel and Finwë, and even more for her son, but after giving birth to Fëanor in Y.T. 1169, her body and her spirit were consumed and she wished to be released from life everlasting, saying that there was no strength left in her to bear another child. Despite Finwë's grief, and her unhappiness at abandoning her young child, Míriel departed for the gardens of Lórien, to rest and regain her strength and vigour. But during her rest, the fëa departed from her body, and entered the Halls of Mandos leaving her body lying lifeless and still in Y.T. 1170. Maidens of Estë took care of her body while her spirit remained in the Halls of Mandos, so that it would not wither. In essence, she had died of free will. This was seen as a...

    The name Míriel means "Jewel-daughter" in Quenya, from mír ("jewel") and -iel ("daughter"). Her epessë Þerindë, or Serindë in the Quenya of Tirion, means "the Broideress", referring to her great skill in embroidery for 'her chief talent was a marvelous dexterity of hand', which she applied to her skill of embroidery, 'achieving in what even the Eldar thought haste' embroidery that 'was finer and more intricate than any that had before been seen'. It was her Mother Name.:333 It is to be noted that she preferred and requested her kin use the older pronunciation of Þerindë, and that her son upheld the use of Þ over s out of respect and in her memory.:336

    In the beginning of The Shibboleth of Fëanor, Fëanor is an adult, and Míriel is still alive. There the similarities between mother and son, such as their stubbornness, are revealed. Fëanor's reaction to his mother's death is also presented, as he guarded her hröa, which was placed in a garden, for some time after her passing. In the published Silmarillion, Míriel died soon after his birth.

    ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 6. Of the Silmarils and the Darkening of Valinor", p. 185
    ↑ 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel", p. 205
    ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
    ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel", p. 207
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