Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 1189 until his death in 1199. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony; Lord of Cyprus; Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes; and was overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period.
- 3 September 1189 – 6 April 1199
- Henry II of England
- Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France
- Eleanor of Aquitaine
- Richard I
- Early Life & Rebellion
- Inheritance & Ambition
- Journey via Sicily
- During Crusade
This article is about Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart or Lionhearted, who was a duke of Aquitaine and king of England. It provides information on his background, political and military abilities, rebellions against his father Henry II, inheritance of England and Normandy/Anjou, ambition to lead the Third Crusade in the Holy Land and ...
Richard I was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was a duke of Aquitaine and Poitiers, king of England, duke of Normandy, and count of Anjou from 1189 to 1199. He is known for his knightly manner and prowess in the Third Crusade (1189–92).
Richard had precocious political and military ability but joined his brothers in rebellion against their father Henry II. After submitting to him twice he suppressed baronial revolts in his own duchy but harshness infuriated Gascons who revolted with help from other siblings.
As heir to England, Normandy and Anjou, Richard became king on September 30th 1189 after breaking with Philip II over Angevin defenses on the Continent. His only ambition was to lead the Crusade prompted by Saladin’s capture of Jerusalem in 1187 so he put everything up for sale including sheriffdoms and offices.
On journey to Holy Land through Sicily ,Richard found Sicilians hostile but took Messina by storm . By Treaty at Messina he obtained release for Joan , acknowledged Tancred as king , declared Arthur as heir etc which incited John's treachery . At Limassol in Cyprus he married Berengaria before joining Crusaders at Acre on June 8th 1191 having conqu...
Acre fell in July 1191 followed by victory at Arsūf putting Crusaders in possession Joppa . Twice forces led within few miles Jerusalem but recapture eluded due fierce quarrels among French German English contingents leading Philip returning France after fall Acre while Leopold V banner torn down by Richard leading unjust rumours about Conrad murde...
Dec 11, 2019 · Richard I of England, also known as Richard the Lionheart (Cœur de Lion), reigned as king of England from 1189 to 1199 CE.
- Mark Cartwright
- Publishing Director
Richard I, known as Richard the Lionheart (ed) French Richard Coeur de Lion, (born Sept. 8, 1157, Oxford, Eng.—died April 6, 1199, Châlus, Duchy of Aquitaine), Duke of Aquitaine (1168–99) and Poitiers (1172–99) and king of England, duke of Normandy, and count of Anjou (1189–99). He inherited Aquitaine from his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Richard I of England (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was the King of England from 1189 to 1199. He was also Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, and Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany at various times .
- 3 September 1189
- Henry II "Curtmantle"
- 6 July 1189 – 6 April 1199
- John "Lackland"
Nov 5, 2016 · King Richard died at the age of 41 from this wound. The throne passed to his brother John. A sad end for the Lion-Heart, and alas, also for poor Bertram the archer. Despite the King’s pardon he was flayed alive and then hanged. Published: November 5, 2016.
Introduction Richard I was king of England between 1189 and 1199. Although he reigned for nearly 10 years, he spent less than a year in England. The rest of the time he was fighting abroad, particularly in a series of battles known as the Crusades. He was a great soldier and earned the nickname “Richard the Lion-heart.” Early Life