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  1. Robert Schumann ( German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had ...

    • Pianist, Composer, Music journalist
    • 8, including Eugenie Schumann
    • Biography
    • Legacy
    • Compositions
    • Fictional Portrayals
    • References

    Early life

    Schumann was born in Zwickau, in the Kingdom of Saxony, the fifth and last child of Johanna Christiane (née Schnabel) and August Schumann.Schumann began to compose before the age of seven, but his boyhood was spent in the cultivation of literature as much as music – undoubtedly influenced by his father, a bookseller, publisher, and novelist. Schumann began receiving general musical and piano instruction at the age of seven from Johann Gottfried Kuntzsch, a teacher at the Zwickau high school....


    During Eastertide 1830 he heard the Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer Niccolò Paganini play in Frankfurt. In July he wrote to his mother, “My whole life has been a struggle between Poetry and Prose, or call it Music and Law.” By Christmas he was back in Leipzig, at age 20 taking piano lessons from his old master Friederich Wieck, who assured him that he would be a successful concert pianist after a few years’ study with him. During his studies with Wieck, Schumann permanentl...


    On 3 October 1835, Schumann met Felix Mendelssohn at Wieck’s house in Leipzig, and his enthusiastic appreciation of that artist was shown with the same generous freedom that distinguished his acknowledgement of Chopin’s greatness and most of his other colleagues, and which later prompted him to publicly pronounce the then-unknown Johannes Brahms a genius. Despite the opposition of Clara’s father, she and Robert continued a clandestine relationship which matured into a full-blown romance. In 1...

    Schumann had considerable influence in the nineteenth century and beyond, despite his adoption of more conservative modes of composition after his marriage. He left an array of acclaimed music in virtually all the forms then known. Partly through his protégé Brahms, Schumann’s ideals and musical vocabulary became widely disseminated. Composer Sir Edward Elgar called Schumann “my ideal.” Schumann has not often been confused with Austrian composer Franz Schubert, but one well-known example occurred in 1956, when East Germany issued a pair of postage stamps featuring Schumann’s picture against an open score that featured Schubert’s music. The stamps were soon replaced by a pair featuring music written by Schumann.

    List of compositions by Robert Schumann
    Category:Compositions by Robert Schumann
    Song of Love(1947) is an MGM film starring Paul Henreid as Schumann, Katharine Hepburn as Clara Wieck, Robert Walker as Johannes Brahms, and Henry Daniell as Franz Liszt.
    Peter Schamoni’s 1983 movie Frühlingssinfonie (Spring Symphony) tells the story of Robert and Clara’s romance, against her father’s opposition. Robert was played by Herbert Grönemeyer, Clara by Nas...
    The Andrew Crumey novel Mobius Dickhas a chapter depicting Schumann at Endenich.
    SeinfeldRobert Schumann is mentioned in a 1991 episode of Seinfeld The Jacket.
    Daverio, J, “Robert Schumann,” Grove music online, L Macy (ed), accessed 24 June 2007 (subscription access)
    Ostwald, Peter, Schumann – The inner voices of a musical genius, Northeastern University Press, Boston, 1985 ISBN 1-55553-014-1.
    Scholes, Percy A, The Oxford Companion to Music, Tenth Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1970 ISBN 0193113066.
    Fuller-Maitland, John Alexander. (1884). Schumann. S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington (reissued by Cambridge University Press, 2009; ISBN 978-1-108-00481-7)
  2. Robert Schumann (Composer, Arranger) Born: June 8, 1810 - Zwickau, Saxony, Germany. Died: July 29, 1856 - Endenich, near Bonn, Germany. Robert Alexander Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a ...

  3. Schumann's father was a bookseller who encouraged Robert's musical and literary talents. Robert started studying piano at age 10. In 1828, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig as a law student, although he found music, philosophy, and Leipzig's taverns more interesting than the law.

  4. Jun 07, 2010 · Robert Schumann was a German composer and critic born in Zwickau on June 8, 1810. A quirky, problematic genius, he wrote some of the greatest music of the Romantic era, and also some of the weakest.

    • Ted Libbey
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