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  1. Robert Schumann - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Robert_Schumann

    Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist.

    • Pianist, Composer, Music journalist
    • 8, including Eugenie Schumann
  2. Robert Schumann - New World Encyclopedia

    www.newworldencyclopedia.org › entry › Robert_Schumann
    • 1830-1834
    • 1835-1839
    • 1840-1849
    • After 1850

    The restless spirit which pursued Schumann is disclosed in his letters of the period. At Easter in 1830, he heard Niccolò Paganiniperform in Frankfurt am Main. In July in this year he wrote to his mother, "My whole life has been a struggle between Poetry and Prose, or call it Music and Law," and by Christmas he was once more in Leipzig, taking piano lessons with his old master, Friedrich Wieck. In his anxiety to accelerate the process by which he could acquire a perfect execution, he permanently injured his right hand. Another authority states that the right-hand disability was caused by syphilis medication. Those who claim the former state that he attempted a radical surgical procedure to separate the tendons of the fourth finger from those of the third (the ring finger musculature is linked to that of the third finger, thus making it the "weakest" finger). Unfortunately, his ambitions as a pianistwere suddenly ruined, and he determined to devote himself entirely to composition. He...

    On October 3, 1835, Schumann met Mendelssohn at Wieck's house in Leipzig, and his appreciation of his great contemporary was shown with the same generous freedom that distinguished him in all his relations to other musicians. This later enabled him to recognize the genius of Brahms, whom he first met in 1853 before he had established a reputation. In 1836, Schumann's acquaintance with Clara Wieck, already famous as a pianist, ripened into love, and a year later he asked her father's consent to their marriage, but was met with a refusal. In the series Fantasiestücke for the piano (op. 12), he once more gives a sublime illustration of the fusion of literary and musical ideas as embodied conceptions in such pieces as Warum and In der Nacht. After he had written the latter of these two, he detected in the music the fanciful suggestion of a series of episodes from the story of Hero and Leander. The collection begins (in Des Abends) with a notable example of Schumann's predeliction for rh...

    The year 1840 may be said to have yielded the most extraordinary results in Schumann's career. Up until 1840, he had written almost solely for the pianoforte, but in this one year he wrote 168 songs. Schumann's biographers represent him as caught in a tempest of song, the sweetness, the doubt and the despair of which are all to be attributed to varying emotions aroused by his love for Clara. Although there is possibly some truth to this, this rather mawkish view is treated with skepticism by modern scholars, especially since 'Dichterliebe', with its themes of rejection and acceptance, was written at a time when his marriage was no longer in doubt. His chief song-cycles of this period were his settings of the Liederkreis of Joseph von Eichendorff (op. 39), the Frauenliebe und Leben of Chamisso (op. 42), the Dichterliebe of Heine (op. 48) and Myrthen, a collection of songs, including poems by Goethe, Rückert, Heine, Byron, Burns and Moore. The songs Belsatzar (op. 57) and Die beiden G...

    From 1850 to 1854, the nature, and admittedly the quality, of Schumann's works are extremely varied. In 1850, he succeeded Ferdinand Hiller as musical director at Düsseldorf. In 1851-1853, he visited Switzerland and Belgium as well as Leipzig. In 1851, he completed his glorious (so-called) Rhenish symphony, and he revised what would be published as his Symphony No. 4. In October 1853, he was very impressed by the talent of the 20-year-old Johannes Brahms, who had appeared on his doorstep and spent a month with the Schumanns. During this time, Schumann, Brahms and Schumann's pupil Albert Dietrich collaborated on the composition of the 'F-A-E' Sonata for the violinist Joseph Joachim. Schumann also published an article, 'Neue Bahnen' (New Paths) hailing the unknown Brahms from Hamburg as 'the Chosen One' who would 'give ideal expression to the Age' . In January 1854, Schumann went to Hanover, where he heard a performance of his Paradise and the Periorganized by Joachim and Brahms. Soon...

  3. Robert Schumann (1810–56) is one of the most important and representative composers of the Romantic era. Born in Zwickau, Germany, Schumann began piano instruction at age seven and immediately developed a passion for music. When a permanent injury to his hand prevented him from pursuing a career as …

  4. Robert Schuman - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Robert_Schuman

    Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ ʃuman]; 29 June 1886 – 4 September 1963) was a Luxembourg -born French statesman. Schuman was a Christian Democrat (Popular Republican Movement) political thinker and activist.

  5. Robert Schumann (Composer, Arranger) - Short Biography

    www.bach-cantatas.com › Lib › Schumann-Robert

    Robert Schumann (Composer, Arranger) Born: June 8, 1810 - Zwickau, Saxony, Germany. Died: July 29, 1856 - Endenich, near Bonn, Germany. Robert Alexander Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a ...

  6. Robert Schumann | Biography & History | AllMusic

    www.allmusic.com › artist › robert-schumann-mn

    Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and piano music.

  7. The Life And Music Of Robert Schumann : NPR

    www.npr.org › 2011/07/18 › 127038609

    Jun 07, 2010 · Robert Schumann was a German composer and critic born in Zwickau on June 8, 1810. A quirky, problematic genius, he wrote some of the greatest music of the Romantic era, and also some of the...

    • Ted Libbey
  8. Feb 23, 2018 · Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856) was one of the 19 th century’s most influential composers. During his lifetime, Schumann brought about a change in the general world of music, helping to champion the rights of young and upcoming musicians.

  9. Robert Schumann: Music Amid The Madness : NPR

    www.npr.org › 2008/06/20 › 91707206

    Jun 20, 2008 · Robert Schumann was a brilliant, if unpredictable, composer who suffered bouts of what would today be called bipolar disorder.

    • Marin Alsop
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