Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy (July 22, 1890 – January 22, 1995) was an American philanthropist, socialite, and a member of the Kennedy family. She was deeply embedded in the " lace curtain " Irish Catholic community in Boston, where her father John F. Fitzgerald was mayor.
Nov 04, 2019 · Rose Kennedy was the grande dame of contemporary American politics, seeing three of her children find great success. Success came with even more tragedy for Kennedy, as she lost two children in the...
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, the mother of President John F. Kennedy and of two United States Senators. Learn about her life and history through facts and information collected by John F. Kennedy Museum. Photos included.
- Early life
- Later life
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy was born Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald on July 22, 1890 to Josie Hannon and the future mayor of Boston, John Francis Fitzgerald. She grew up with several brothers and sisters and thanks to her father, the family was very well off. Rose went to a series of Catholic Schools in Boston, and when she graduated her father presented her diploma and their picture appeared in the newspaper. Rose wanted to go to Wellesley Collage, but during that time her father was in the middle of a scandal and needed the support of the Catholics of Boston and said no to her going to a WASP school. Instead she, her parents,and her sister went to Europe that summer so that the Fitzgeralds could get their daughters into a Catholic boarding school in Holland.
The stay in Holland was a very difficult time for Rose. It was very strict and English was not spoken, only French and German. She and her sister spent about a year there before going home. Shortly after she came home she re-met the son of one of her father's cronies, Joseph Patrick Kennedy. They fell in love, but it was not until Joe, as he was called, became a bank manager, did Honey Fitz (John Fitzgerald's nickname) allow her to marry. Joe and Rose were married on October 7, 1914 and soon got busy making babies. First was Joe, Jr. in 1915, then John Fitzgerald in 1917, Rosemary in 1918, Kathleen Agnes in 1920, Eunice in 1921, Patricia in 1924, Robert Francis in 1925, Jean in 1928, and Edward Moore in 1932. These years were far from easy for Rose. When she was very pregnant with Kathleen she left Joe and went to live with her parents for a while because she could not take it anymore. She went back shortly before the birth. Also during this time she had to contend with her absent husband. Joe was almost always away, either in California with his mistress Gloria Swanson, or in New York making money.
While this was going on another tragedy happened. Joe had a stroke and was partially paralyzed. Then came November 22, 1963 when President Kennedy was assassinated and the 1968 assassination of Robert Kennedy, as well as the 1969 scandal involving son Edward in Chappaquidick. Shortly after that scandal Joe died.
Rose spent the rest of her life in relative peace. She watched her grandchildren grow up, some getting married and giving her great grandchildren before dying at the ripe old age of 104 on January 22, 1995. Luckily she died before seeing the death and scandals associated with her grandchildren: JFK Jr, Michael Kennedy, and divorce scandal of Kerry Kennedy Cuomo.
Rose Marie " Rosemary " Kennedy (September 13, 1918 – January 7, 2005) was the eldest daughter born to Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. She was a sister of President John F. Kennedy and Senators Robert F. and Ted Kennedy. In her early young adult years, Rosemary Kennedy experienced seizures and violent mood swings.
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald was born in Boston’s North End on July 22, 1890, the eldest child of John F. (“Honey Fitz”) and Mary Josephine Hannon Fitzgerald. She was first introduced to politics as a child. When she was 5, her father was a congressman.
Rose Kennedy began life on the hot summer’s night of July 22, 1890, in the kitchen of the Fitzgerald home in the north end of Boston. Her mother, the former Mary Josephine Hannon, was slender and...
- Early Life
- Marriage to Joseph Kennedy
- Family Tragedies
- Personality and Death
Rose Kennedy was born onJuly 22, 1980,in Boston, Massachusetts. She was the first child of six by Mary Josephine "Josie" Hannon and John Francis “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald. Her father was a politician who served as a Senator and later mayor of Boston. She grew up in the Ashmont Hill of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Rose received education at the local Girls’ Latin School and continued at Kasteel Bloemendal, in Vaals, the Netherlands. Her high school education was at Dorchester High School, graduating in 1906. Rose Kennedy then studied piano at the New England Conservatory, Boston. On the behest of her father, she enrolled at the Manhattanville College of the Sacred Heart, despite wanting to attend Wellesley College. During a Europe tour in 1908, Rose and her father visited the Vatican to meet Pope St. Pius X.
Rose Kennedy marriedJoseph Patrick “Joe” Kennedy on October 7, 1914. The couple had courted about seven years before their wedding. Rose's father strongly disapproved the relationship from the onset, yet Rose continued seeing Joseph. His disapproval was partly as a result of Joseph’s father, businessman andpolitician P. J. Kennedy being a political rival. After their marriage, the couple lived in the now John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site, in Brookline, Massachusetts. They later moved to a 15-room home at Hyannis Port, Cape Cod. The couple had nine children: Joseph P. Kennedy Jr, John F. Kennedy, Rose, and Kathleen Cavendish. The rest are Eunice Kennedy Shriver, Patricia Kennedy Lawford, Robert F. Kennedy, and Edward “Ted” Kennedy. Rose was a devoted Catholic who hardly missed Sunday Mass even during her old age.
Rose Kennedy's family faced several tragedies including the killing of two sons by assassins in addition to the mental instability of her daughter. The first misfortune was the birth of Rose third daughter, Rosemary, who was bornmentally challenged. To improve the condition, she underwent a lobotomy in 1941, which further worsened the situation. Romary’s mental instability resulted in her confinement in a mental institution. The second tragedy was her first sonJoe Kennedy Jr, a pilot, died in a plane explosion during a secret mission. The next was the shooting to death of his second son, President John Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Her eighth son Senator Robert F. Kennedy died in the same wayas J. F. Kennedy. A Palestinian assassin shot and killed him on June 5, 1968.
Rose Kennedy regarded herself as a full-time mother who devoted her entire life to raising her children. Also, she took an active interest in charities and activism. Rose was also a fundraiser andcampaigner for charities. She had an unquestionable devotion to the Catholicism similarly to the commitment to her children. Her autobiography, Times to Remember, was published in 1974. In 1984, she suffered a stroke, which had a toll on her health and used a wheelchair. Rose died onJanuary 22, 1995, aged 104, from complications of pneumonia, survived by five children and several grandchildren. She was buried at Hollywood Cemetery, Brookline, Massachusetts.
For her charity works and being a devoted mother, Pope Pius XII, conferred her the titlecountess in 1951. In 1992, the intersection of Harley Street and Welles Avenue became"Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Square," in her honor.
The documentary,Rose Kennedy: A Life to Remember is about Rose’s life. Annette O’Toole played her in the miniseries, The Kennedy’s of Massachusetts, 1990, while Geraldine Fitzgerald played her in Kennedy in 1983 among several others.
- She was named for her great-grandmother. Rose's moniker came from Rose Kennedy, the mother of John F. Kennedy (and 8 other kids). But giving the eldest grandchild her name was actually Jackie's idea, not Caroline's.
- She was Grand Jackie's girl. The eldest child of Caroline and Ed, Rose grew up in NYC's Upper East Side, near her grandmother's apartment. "Grand Jackie" would frequently come over to the Schlossbergs' apartment for what she dubbed a "roll around" with the baby.
- She was very close to JFK Jr. In a family marred by tragedy, the 1999 death of Rose's beloved uncle John impacted her profoundly. "Rose withdrew after John's death," a Kennedy family member told Heymann.
- She's an Ivy League grad. After attending a posh Manhattan prep school, Rose headed to Harvard. She took film classes, cultivated an interest in fashion (like her grandmother!)
American Socialite. She was the matriarch of the politically prominent Kennedy family and mother of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, and of Robert Francis Kennedy and Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, United States Senators. She was born Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald in the North End neighborhood of...
- related to: Rose Kennedy
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