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  1. Rudolf IV (1 November 1339 – 27 July 1365), also called Rudolf the Founder ( German: der Stifter ), was a scion of the House of Habsburg who ruled as duke of Austria (self-proclaimed archduke ), Styria and Carinthia from 1358, as well as count of Tyrol from 1363 and as the first duke of Carniola from 1364 until his death.

  2. Habsburg Emperor. Rudolf IV, ‘the Founder’. Duke of Austria and Styria, Carinthia and Carniola (reigned 1358–1365); from 1365 also Count of Tyrol. Born in Vienna on 1 November 1339. Died in Milan on 27 July 1365. Duke Rudolf IV was the most influential Habsburg of the fourteenth century.

  3. Duke Rudolf IV, 1360/65 The most dazzling Habsburg of the fourteenth century was not a king but ‘merely’ a duke. Although he died at the age of only twenty-six, the cultural and political heritage he left behind him was to be of formative importance for the future of Austria.

  4. Duke Rudolf IV tried to compensate for this by forging documents and insisting – at first unsuccessfully – on the title of Archduke of Austria. It took over a hundred years, until Duke Albrecht V, for a Habsburg to assume sovereignty in the empire once again: Albrecht, as King Albrecht II, furthermore assumed the crowns of Bohemia and ...

  5. Austria. In Austria: Accession of the Habsburgs. Throughout his short reign (1358–65), Rudolf IV showed himself extremely energetic and ambitious. He started to rebuild St. Stephen’s Cathedral in the Gothic style, and he founded the University of Vienna (1365).

  6. Rudolf IV (1 November 1339 – 27 July 1365), also called Rudolf the Founder ( German: der Stifter ), was a scion of the House of Habsburg who ruled as duke of Austria (self-proclaimed archduke ), Styria and Carinthia from 1358, as well as count of Tyrol from 1363 and as the first duke of Carniola from 1364 until his death.

  7. Mar 9, 2024 · Archduke, a title, proper in modern times for members of the house of Habsburg. The title of archduke Palatine (Pfalz-Erzherzog) was first assumed by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, on the strength of a forged privilege, in the hope of gaining for the dukes of Austria an equal status with the electors.

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