6 hours ago · Russian troops swept into Kherson last year in the early days of Vladimir Putin’s full-scale invasion. In November, Ukraine’s armed forces evicted them from the southern city as part of a...
- CBS News Videos13 hours ago
On assignment for this week's "60 Minutes," CBS News senior foreign correspondent Holly Williams went to Ukraine to see how American tax dollars are being spent -- and to find out if the weapons and money already provided have gone where they were supposed to go. Previewing her story, she talked about the corruption crackdown that's happened over the past year in Ukraine.
- 04:34Zelenskyy's requests for U.S. funding come with Ukraine cracking down on corruptionCBS News VideosOn assignment for this week's "60 Minutes," CBS News senior foreign correspondent Holly Williams went to Ukraine to see how American tax dollars are being spent -- and to find out if the weapons and money already provided have gone where they were supposed to go. Previewing her story, she talked about the corruption crackdown that's happened over the past year in Ukraine.13 hours ago
- 04:04"60 Minutes" visits Ukraine to track weapons and financial aid the U.S. providedCBS News VideosIn a "60 Minutes" preview, Holly Williams visits Ukraine to track the weapons and financial aid the U.S. has provided the country.14 hours ago
- 00:48Bulgarian nationalists protest support for UkraineReuters VideosSTORY: Hundreds of protesters opposing the EU member's support for Ukraine in its war with Russia gathered in front of the parliament building, waving flags, blowing whistles and demanding early elections in the country, which has gone through five polls in the past two years. The protesters also called for the closure of NATO military bases. Demonstrators ended their walk in front of the grandiose monument to the Soviet army, that had been put under scaffolding for security reasons. Some of them clashed with police, who tried to stop them from getting close to the monument. The Bulgarian government had recently decided to remove the monument from its current location.23 hours ago
- 02:26Biden vows to keep helping Ukraine in war with RussiaAssociated Press VideosPresident Joe Biden gave Volodymyr Zelenskyy a red-carpet arrival on the White House South lawn as the President of Ukraine continues to shore up support in Washington. The Biden administration announced $325 million in assistance while an additional $24 billion in aid is still hanging in the balance. (Sept 21)1 day ago
- 02:02Ukraine's Zelenskyy visits Washington for meetings with Biden, CongressCBS News VideosUkrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy visited Washington, D.C., on Thursday. He attempted to win support for more military aid in Ukraine's war against Russia. Ed O'Keefe has the details.1 day ago
- 01:33Biden announces $325 million aid package for UkraineReuters VideosSTORY: As Ukraine's military counteroffensive grinds on and Congress stages a bitter debate over spending ahead of a possible government shutdown, a growing chorus of Republicans have questioned the billions of dollars Washington has sent Kyiv for military, economic and humanitarian needs. The U.S. has sent some $113 billion in security and humanitarian aid to help Zelenskiy's government since Russia invaded in February 2022.1 day ago
- 01:53McCarthy still won't commit to new Ukraine aids after meeting with ZelenskyyAssociated Press VideosUkrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy is delivering an upbeat message to U.S. lawmakers in a whirlwind visit to Washington. But Zelenskyy was facing Republicans who are now questioning the flow of American dollars that for 19 months has helped keep his troops in the fight against Russian forces.1 day ago
- 00:55Ukraine's Zelenskiy arrives at the White HouseReuters VideosSTORY: While Biden and most congressional leaders still support aid to Ukraine, and Biden's Democrats control the Senate, Zelenskiy faces a tougher crowd than when he visited Washington nine months ago.1 day ago
- 03:10Biden announces new Ukraine aid as Zelenskyy visits DCABC News VideosUkrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy also met with congressional leaders at the Capitol to lobby for more aid.1 day ago
- 04:09President Biden meets with Ukraine’s Zelenskyy at White HouseABC News VideosPresident Biden welcomed Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy to the White House after both leaders spoke earlier in the week at the U.N. General Assembly.1 day ago
- 00:28Ukraine's Zelenskiy arrives at US CapitolReuters VideosSTORY: Zelenskiy traveled to Washington after seeking to shore up international support at the United Nations, on a crosstown blitz that includes meetings with U.S. President Joe Biden and military leaders at the Pentagon and an address in the evening at the National Archives museum. Zelenskiy will meet with leaders of the Republican-led House of Representatives and House national security committees before a private session with the full U.S. Senate. While Biden and most congressional leaders still support aide to Ukraine, and Biden's Democrats control the Senate, Zelenskiy will face a tougher crowd than when he visited Washington nine months ago. As Ukraine's military counteroffensive grinds on and Congress stages a bitter debate over spending ahead of a possible government shutdown, a growing chorus of Republicans have questioned the billions of dollars Washington has sent Kyiv for military, economic and humanitarian needs.1 day ago
- 03:11Zelenskyy lobbies Congress for further aid to UkraineABC News VideosHouse Speaker Kevin McCarthy's speakership comes into question as Ukraine's president arrives to request more aid.2 days ago
- 02:22How a U.S. company is helping Ukraine fuel nuclear plantsCBS News VideosUkraine's second-largest nuclear power plant, in the city of Rivne, has switched from Russian-made fuel to fuel from Westinghouse, a company based in Pittsburgh. It is part of a wider strategy by Kyiv to sever any reliance on Russia, and comes amid warnings about Russia's threat to nuclear plants. Imtiaz Tyab reports from Rivne.2 days ago
- 01:55Russia strikes Ukraine in biggest attack in weeksReuters VideosSTORY: Smouldering rubble, destroyed buildings and air raid siren. This is Kyiv on Thursday (21 September) after Russia launched its biggest missile attack in weeks across Ukraine. In the capital city, Oksana describes the moment of the blast. “The explosion woke me up. At first there was a red glare outside the window and then there was no window, and I was lying covered in broken glass. I heard people screaming and crying and I rushed outside. Then I went and found the cat. Thank God he is alive.” The strikes also damaged energy facilities and, with winter approaching, officials say the attack appears to be the start of a new air campaign against the Ukrainian power grid. Partial power cuts were reported in five Ukrainian regions and grid operator Ukrenergo says it was the first attack on power infrastructure in six months. The country has been racing for months to repair infrastructure after attacks last winter damaged nearly half of its energy system and forced grid operators to impose regular rolling power cuts. This year, Ukraine has better, Western-supplied air defenses, but still has the huge challenge of defending against attacks in such a big country. According to Ukraine’s Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, Russia fired 43 cruise missiles at targets overnight. Ukrainian air defenses shot down 36 of them. In the capital seven people, including a girl aged nine, were injured. Mayor Vitali Klitshko reported that missile debris fell in the city center and that an infrastructure facility and several non-residential buildings were damaged, causing a fire. Injuries and deaths were also reported in blasts across Ukraine, from the city of Kherson to near the Polish border. Russia has not commented on the new air strikes, carried out as President Volodymyr Zelenskiy visits the United States for talks following the U.N. General Assembly.2 days ago
- 00:46Ukraine adds combat kayaks to its arsenalABC News VideosThe Poloz-M16 costs around $2,500 and can fit a UAG-40 grenade launcher.2 days ago
- 00:58Russia strikes cities from east to west Ukraine, in largest attack in more than a monthAssociated Press VideosRussian missiles pounded cities across Ukraine early Thursday morning, according to Ukrainian authorities, starting fires, killing at least two people and trapping others under rubble. The early morning missile attack was Russia’s largest in more than a month, and came a day after reports of sabotage at a Russian military airfield in Chkalovsk near Moscow. (Sept. 21) (AP video: Vasilisa Stepanenko)2 days ago
- 04:17Poland says it won't send Ukraine weapons amid grain dispute; Russia launches more strikesCBS News VideosA major wave of Russian strikes across Ukraine Wednesday night came as Poland, one of Ukraine's biggest arms suppliers, said it would stop sending Kyiv weapons because of a diplomatic rift over grain. BBC News correspondent James Waterhouse has more.2 days ago
- 02:30Ukraine's Zelenskiy shores up support at UNReuters VideosSTORY: Ukraine's president on Wednesday joined the United Nations Security Council meeting in person for the first time since Russia's invasion. At the UN headquarters in New York, Volodymyr Zelenskiy sought support for Kyiv at a contentious meeting. “Ukraine exercises its right to self-defense, helping Ukraine with weapons in this exercise by imposing sanctions and exerting comprehensive pressure on the aggressor, as well as voting for relevant resolutions, would mean helping to defend the UN Charter.” The Ukrainian leader also echoed calls for reforming the UN, specifically the expansion of the 15-member Security Council. Despite dozens of meetings over the war, the council has been unable to take any action because Russia is a veto power. “Reform of such international institutions were made following tragedies, major wars. We should not wait for the aggression to be over. We need to act now. Our aspiration for peace should drive the reform.” Zelenskiy was placed at the same table as Russian diplomats, despite Moscow earlier protesting his appearance. But he left before the arrival of Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who showed up briefly to make a statement. Ukraine and Western countries have successfully isolated Russia diplomatically at the UN. During the Security Council meeting, many leaders took turns in pointing fingers at Moscow. “The Russian Federation has crossed the Rubicon...” “Russia is abusing its veto power..." “...And we support Ukraine's efforts to hold Russia to account." While the General Assembly has voted several times to condemn the invasion and demand Moscow withdraw its troops. Their argument: Russia has violated the 1945 UN Charter. But the Russian foreign minister accused the West of selectively using the UN Charter “solely based on their selfish geopolitical needs”. “This has resulted in a shaking of global stability as well as the worsening and fomenting of new hotbeds of tension. Risks of global conflict have heightened," Lavrov said. To shore up support for Ukraine, Zelenskiy on Wednesday met with more world leaders on the sidelines of the UN. He also pressed Kyiv's case for financial help with a group of business leaders. And on Thursday, he’s set to head for Washington DC, to meet U.S. President Joe Biden at the White House. Biden is expected to announce a new military aid package during Zelenskiy's visit.2 days ago
- 00:31Russia launches air attacks on cities across UkraineReuters VideosSTORY: Blasts were heard in Kyiv and the surrounding region after an air raid alert, Reuters witnesses said. Authorities reported sending rescue teams to several locations in the capital. Interior Minister Ihor Klymenko said people were injured in Kyiv and Cherkasy regions and in the city of Kharkiv in the east during the attack that came early in the morning. Klymenko said a hotel and several shopping kiosks were damaged in Cherkasy in central Ukraine and seven people were injured. The emergency services posted a video on Telegram showing rescuers carrying out an injured man on a stretcher as a fire rages. The interior ministry and regional officials reported blasts in Cherkasy, Kharkiv, Khmelnytskiy, Rivne, Vinnytsia, Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions.2 days ago
- 00:49EU calls on China to help end Ukraine conflictReuters VideosSTORY: "Ukraine is a crime scene and the perpetrator is sitting in this very room," Michel said. "And I would like to particularly speak to the esteemed Chinese representative. You have warned Russia against the use of nuclear weapons, and we welcome this. And now, we are asking you. Let's go further. Let's join forces to persuade Russia to end this criminal war that's hurting so many. Let's join forces to convince Russia to respect the principles of the U.N. charter," he added. China has abstained from votes by the 193-member General Assembly that overwhelmingly demanded Moscow withdraw its troops from Ukraine and stop fighting. Russia invaded its neighbor in February 2022. China's abstentions appear to reflect a bid to stay on the diplomatic fence over the war in Ukraine. Beijing has said the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries must be respected, but - in a nod to Russia's unease about NATO - believes all security concerns should be addressed.2 days ago
- 04:40Political divide emerges on Ukraine aid amid Zelenskyy’s Washington visitABC News VideosPresident Joe Biden is seeking an additional $24 billion in security and humanitarian aid for Ukraine.2 days ago
- 04:26Fears of Russian nuclear threats highlighted in Zelenskyy U.N. speech felt across UkraineCBS News VideosUkrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy told the United Nations on Tuesday that Russia was pushing the world toward a final war, said "terrorists have no right to hold nuclear weapons" and warned Moscow is weaponizing nuclear energy. CBS News foreign correspondent Imtiaz Tyab has more on how Ukrainians are reacting to the speech.3 days ago
- 02:17Biden vows continued support for Ukraine in address at United NationsCBS News VideosIn his Tuesday speech to the United Nations, President Biden argued Russia is counting on the world growing weary of the war and said he supports continuing to back Ukraine. Meanwhile, some congressional Republicans are questioning another $24 billion aid package for Ukraine. CBS News' Nancy Cordes reports from New York.3 days ago
- 04:15Antony Blinken talks US aid to Ukraine and relationships in Middle EastABC News VideosThe secretary of state joins “GMA” to discuss a number of issues affecting the United States, from its southern border, to China and more.3 days ago
- 01:50Ukraine funding fightABC News VideosPresident Biden is calling for billions of dollars in addition aid for the war in Ukraine, but not all lawmakers are on board. ABC News' Justin Finch has the new details.3 days ago
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2 days ago · 14 Sep 2023. Stay on top of Russia-Ukraine war latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps.
- The toppling of the Yanukovych government and the invasion of Crimea
- The Russian proxy war and the Poroshenko administration
- Minsk II and the election of Volodymyr Zelensky
- The Russian buildup and Putin’s “special military operation”
- The Battle of Kyiv and the initial Russian advance
- The refugee crisis and evidence of Russian war crimes
Russia-Ukraine War, war between Russia and Ukraine that began in February 2014 with the covert invasion of the Ukrainian autonomous republic of Crimea by disguised Russian troops. The conflict expanded in April 2014 when Russians and local proxy forces seized territory in Ukraine’s Donbas region; over the next seven years, more than 14,000 people would be killed in fighting in eastern Ukraine.
On February 24, 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Although Russian forces made significant gains in the first days of combat, Ukrainian defenders rebuffed attempts to seize Kyiv and other major cities and were soon launching counterattacks at Russian positions.
From November 2013 to late February 2014, protesters gathered on Kyiv’s Maidan Nezalezhnosti (“Independence Square”) in a series of demonstrations that came to be known as the Euromaidan. Those protests involved several distinct stages, culminating in the removal of Pres. Viktor Yanukovych, which in turn precipitated a violent separatist movement in the eastern regions of the country.
In late November 2013 Yanukovych had signaled his willingness to sign an association agreement with the European Union. In return, the Europeans demanded that he release opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko from prison and initiate constitutional and legal reforms. After a visit with Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin in Moscow, Yanukovych opted not to sign the agreement. It seemed that Ukraine would commit itself to the Eurasian Economic Union, a Russian-led EU analogue that would include Kazakhstan and Belarus as members when it came into existence on January 1, 2015.
A History of War
Within hours of Yanukovych’s about-face, protesters took to the streets. They were mainly young people, alerted by social networks and text messages, and they soon established a camp on the Maidan. Although the level of daily participation fluctuated over time, every Sunday masses converged on the Maidan; at the action’s peak, 500,000 gathered in central Kyiv. The authorities initially deployed the Berkut riot police without serious confrontations, but on the night of November 30 the order was given to clear the square by force. Dozens were injured in the ultimately ineffective effort, and the protests were reenergized by the assault.
On December 16 Putin offered Ukraine $15 billion in loans and reduced gas prices to offset a shortfall in the country’s finances that had been sparked by the near depletion of its hard currency reserves. The parliament enacted draconian anti-protest laws on January 16, 2014, that limited freedom of speech and assembly, outlawed nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and established a virtual dictatorship under Yanukovych. Though they were repealed only 12 days later, the measures steeled the protesters. In an effort to preserve his rule, Yanukovych removed Prime Minister Mykola Azarov and offered government posts to opposition leaders Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Vitali Klitschko, but both declined.
While Russia solidified its hold on Crimea throughout the spring, small groups of armed men took over administrative buildings in the eastern Ukrainian regions of Donetsk, Luhansk, and Kharkiv. On May 11 separatists held referenda and declared the formation of autonomous “people’s republics” in Donetsk (DNR) and Luhansk (LNR), but the separatist movement in Kharkiv largely fizzled. In the Donets Basin (Donbas), skirmishes between Russian-backed militias and government forces intensified, and dozens of pro-Russian separatists were killed in a battle over Donetsk’s international airport.
On May 25 chocolate magnate Petro Poroshenko easily won the Ukrainian presidential election, which took place without the participation of Crimea and much of the Donbas. Poroshenko promised to step up an Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO) to regain the occupied territories. In separatist regions the new governments were taken over by militants, including some from Russia. The most prominent among them was Strelkov, the nom de guerre of Igor Girkin, a former colonel with the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), who established his headquarters in Slov’yansk. Poroshenko was inaugurated on June 7, and he immediately introduced a proposal to restore peace in separatist-controlled regions. Fighting continued, however, and on June 13 government forces reclaimed the city of Mariupol.
ATO forces liberated Slov’yansk on July 5, but Strelkov and about 8,000 men established a new base in Donetsk. Units under Strelkov’s command were believed to have been responsible for the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 near Hrabove on July 17. All 298 people aboard, most of whom were citizens of the Netherlands, were killed. On August 14 Strelkov reportedly resigned his position and left Ukraine. A Dutch inquiry would later determine that the aircraft was shot down by a Russian-made Buk surface-to-air missile system, and four individuals—all of whom were associated with the Russian-backed military operation in eastern Ukraine—were identified as suspects. The most prominent among these was Strelkov; in November 2022 a Dutch court found Strelkov and two others guilty of murder.
By the end of July, the EU and the U.S. had increased sanctions on Russia, freezing bank accounts and banning travel by prominent officials. In late August regular Russian troops entered Ukraine and surrounded Ukrainian troops at Ilovaisk, where they killed hundreds. In spite of overwhelming evidence of direct Russian participation in the conflict, the Kremlin insisted that it was not intervening in Ukraine. After separatist forces opened a new front that once again threatened the key port city of Mariupol, Poroshenko decided to abandon the ATO operation. On September 5 representatives from Ukraine, Russia, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the two breakaway republics met in Minsk, Belarus, to conclude a cease-fire agreement.
Snap parliamentary elections held on October 26 bolstered the position of pro-European parties, with Yatsenyuk’s People’s Front and the Poroshenko Bloc winning the most votes. On November 2 the DNR and the LNR held elections for “People’s Councils,” and separatist leaders Aleksandr Zakharchenko and Igor Plotnitsky claimed victory.
In spite of repeated violations by both sides, the Minsk protocol remained in place in mid-December. Poroshenko’s government faced the dual task of introducing radical reforms and ending corruption while dealing with an unpredictable adversary in Moscow. Right-wing militants, largely shut out in elections, were prominent in street fighting and in Ukrainian volunteer battalions. An estimated 700,000 refugees had fled from the Donbas to Russia, with thousands more displaced to other areas of Ukraine. By year’s end more than 4,700 people had been killed and more than 10,000 had been wounded in the fighting. As winter fell, indiscriminate artillery fire and limited access to basic services such as heat, water, and electricity led the UN to label the situation for civilians in the DNR and the LNR as “extremely dire.”
On February 12, 2015, the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France, and Germany agreed on a 12-point peace plan (dubbed Minsk II) that proposed, among other things, the cessation of fighting, the withdrawal of heavy weapons, the release of prisoners, and the removal of foreign troops from Ukrainian territory. The tenuous peace held, and heavy weapons were pulled back by both sides in early September 2015. Frequent violations of the truce left over 9,000 dead and more than 20,000 wounded by year’s end, however. Ukrainian authorities estimated that over 2,000 Russian troops had been killed since the beginning of fighting in April 2014, but Russian officials continued to deny any involvement in the conflict. In May 2015 Putin had signed a decree banning the release of information about the deaths of Russian soldiers during “special operations.” In December 2015 Russian hackers cut electricity to some 225,000 people in western Ukraine. Additional cyber attacks on Ukraine’s infrastructure would follow as the war in the Donbas settled into a state of frozen conflict for the next six years.
In 2019 Volodymyr Zelensky was elected president of Ukraine. In his hit television show Servant of the People, the actor and comedian had portrayed an everyman who followed an unlikely path to the presidency. Life would imitate art as Zelensky’s anti-corruption platform earned him widespread support, and he defeated Poroshenko in a landslide. Zeleknsky pledged to bring the conflict in the Donbas to a close, but his efforts were complicated when he was drawn into a political scandal in the United States. The U.S. Congress had authorized some $400 million in military aid for Ukraine, but U.S. Pres. Donald Trump held up the release of that security assistance. In a phone call with Zelensky on July 25, 2019, Trump implied that the aid would only be released if Zelensky “would do us a favour” by endorsing a pair of unsubstantiated claims about Trump’s political opponents. Zelensky never provided the “quid pro quo” that Trump had requested, and the funds were finally made available in September 2019. Trump’s attempt to pressure a foreign government for personal political gain led the U.S. House of Representatives to launch impeachment proceedings against him in December 2019.
Between October and November 2021, Russia began a massive buildup of troops and military equipment along its border with Ukraine. Over the following months, additional forces were dispatched to Belarus (ostensibly for joint exercises with Belarusian personnel), the Russian-backed separatist enclave of Transdniestria in Moldova, and Russian-occupied Crimea. By February 2022 Western defense analysts estimated that as many as 190,000 Russian troops were encircling Ukraine and warned that a Russian incursion was imminent. Putin dismissed these accusations and claimed that an accompanying Russian naval buildup in the Black Sea was a previously scheduled exercise. While Western leaders consulted with both Zelensky and Putin in an effort to stave off a Russian invasion that appeared inevitable, Putin issued demands that included de facto veto power over NATO expansion and the containment of NATO forces to countries that had been members prior to 1997. This would, in effect, remove the NATO security umbrella from eastern and southern Europe as well as the Baltic states. These proposals were flatly rejected. British and American intelligence services also took the unprecedented step of “pre-bunking” Russia’s manufactured casus belli by revealing classified information about Russia’s intentions.
On February 21, 2022, Putin responded by recognizing the independence of the self-proclaimed people’s republics of Donetsk and Luhansk. Putin ordered Russian troops into Ukrainian territory as “peacekeepers,” and Russian military activity in the Donbas—ongoing since 2014 but consistently disavowed by the Kremlin—at last became overt. Western leaders, pledging solidarity with Ukraine, responded by levying a raft of sanctions against Russian financial institutions. In the early hours of February 24, Zelensky, speaking in Russian, addressed the Russian people directly, delivering an impassioned plea for peace but vowing that Ukraine would defend itself.
It seems clear that Putin’s plan had been to seize Kyiv in a matter of days and to install a pro-Moscow government. In the early hours of the invasion, an elite Russian paratrooper unit captured Hostomel Airport, just 6 miles (10 km) northwest of the Ukrainian capital, in an airborne assault. Teams of mercenary assassins from the Kremlin-backed Wagner Group were dispatched to Kyiv with orders to eliminate key figures in the Ukrainian government. Despite the obvious personal danger, Zelensky remained in the capital, even going so far as to film himself standing on the street in central Kyiv. When the United States offered to evacuate him from the combat zone, Zelensky reportedly said, “The fight is here. I need ammunition, not a ride.”
Russian troops in Belarus crossed the Ukrainian border and occupied the Chernobyl nuclear plant as part of a general advance on Kyiv along the west bank of the Dnieper River. Russian forces in Crimea pushed north and captured Kherson on March 2; it would be the only regional capital taken by the Russians in the initial offensive. Elsewhere, the Russian advance stalled in the face of a determined Ukrainian defense. An attempted Russian encirclement of Kharkiv failed, despite that city’s close proximity (20 miles [32 km]) to the Russian border, and the thrust toward Kyiv collapsed due to stiff Ukrainian resistance and obvious shortcomings in Russia’s logistics capabilities.
Millions of Ukrainians fled the country as Russia indiscriminately targeted civilian populations with rockets and artillery strikes. On March 16 as many as 600 people were killed in the besieged city of Mariupol when a Russian air strike leveled the Donetsk Academic Regional Drama Theatre. It was widely known that the building was being used as the city’s main bomb shelter, and the theatre’s set designer had painted the word “CHILDREN” on the pavement outside in massive Cyrillic letters that were visible even in satellite imagery. By late March some four million Ukrainians had fled the fighting; this represented Europe’s largest refugee crisis since World War II. The overwhelming majority would find safety in Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic.
As the war entered its second month, it was clear that the offensive against Kyiv had grossly miscarried. The Russian paratroopers at Hostomel had been isolated and subjected to furious Ukrainian artillery bombardment, and the Russian troops occupying the Kyiv suburbs of Irpin and Bucha were conducting a horrifying campaign of violence against the civilian populations of those cities. After the Russians were forced to withdraw from Irpin and Bucha, Ukrainian forces uncovered mass graves, bodies that showed clear signs of torture, and other evidence of war crimes. Elsewhere along the front, the Russians targeted cultural sites, hospitals, water treatment plants, and other civilian infrastructure in a brazen violation of the Geneva Conventions. Looting of civilian homes and businesses was also widespread in areas under Russian occupation.
Sep 8, 2023 · Ukraine claims to have breached Russia's first line of defences in the southern Zaporizhzhia region as its counter-offensive continues to make slow progress against Moscow's forces. Here are...