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  1. › wiki › Sargon_IISargon II - Wikipedia

    Sargon II is sometimes explicitly called the "second Sargon" ( Šarru-kīn arkû ). Though the precise extent of the ancient Sargon's conquests had been forgotten, the legendary ruler was still remembered as a "conqueror of the world". [34] Sargon II also energetically pursued the expansion of his own empire. [30]

    • 722–705 BC
    • Iaba (?)
  2. Sargon II, (died 705 bce ), one of Assyria’s great kings (reigned 721–705 bce) during the last century of its history. He extended and consolidated the conquests of his presumed father, Tiglath-pileser III. Sargon is the Hebrew rendering (Isaiah 20:1) of Assyrian Sharru-kin, a throne name meaning “the king is legitimate.”

    • Early Reign & Conquests
    • Military Campaigns
    • The Urartu Campaign of 714 BCE
    • Dur-Sharrukin & Babylon
    • Final Years & Legacy

    Sargon II was middle-aged when he came to the throne. What role he played in his father's administration is unknown as no inscriptions identify Tiglath Pileser III's younger son by name. The only reason scholars know Sargon II was Tiglath Pileser III's son is from Sargon II's own inscriptions and court documents from his reign. Sargon II also refer...

    In 720 BCE he marched on the city of Hamat (in the region of Syria) and destroyed it. He then continued on to crush the other cities which had joined the rebellion, Damascus and Arpad, at the Battle of Qarqar. With order restored in the Syrian regions, he marched back to his capital at Kalhuand ordered the deportation and resettlement of those Assy...

    The Kingdom of Urartu (also known as the biblical Kingdom of Ararat and Kingdom of Van) had grown in power throughout the 13th to the 11th century BCE. The Templeof Haldi, in the holy city of Mushashir in Urartu, had been an important pilgrimage center since the 3rd millennium BCE and the offerings from kings, princes, nobility, and merchants fille...

    To celebrate his victory, and create a lasting monument to his campaign, he turned his attention to the construction and adornment of his city Dur-Sharrukin in the year 713 BCE. The city would be decorated with reliefs depicting Sargon II's conquests and, especially, the sack of Mushashir. He took personal interest in every aspect of the city's con...

    Having conquered the south, Sargon II marched to Babylon and claimed kingship. He now ruled all of Mesopotamia and the Assyrian Empire was at its greatest expanse, wealth, and might to date. He chose to reside at Babylon and entertained the envoys of other kings and nations, including those of the king Mita of Phrygia who is identified by some scho...

    • Joshua J. Mark
    • Content Director
  3. May 14, 2018 · The Assyrian king Sargon II (reigned 722-705 B.C.) was one of the chief architects of the late Assyrian Empire and the founder of its greatest line of kings. Sargon II, upon his accession, took the name Sharrukin (Sargon is the biblical form), after the illustrious founder of the Akkadian dynasty, who had died 1,600 years before.

    • Rebellion!
    • Filling Sargon's Coffers: The Plunder of Carchemish and Muṣaṣir
    • Dur-Šarruken - "Sargon's Fortress"
    • Sargon's Triumph and Death
    • Further Reading

    The new king met with massive opposition in the Assyrian heartland as well as further away. The centre of insurgence in the west of the Assyrian empire was the city of HamatPGP where one Yau-bi'di gained widespread support: the former kingdoms of Hamat, ArpadPGP , DamascusPGP and Israelall rose in rebellion in the aftermath of Sargon's rise to powe...

    After this rocky start, and the loss of the Babylonian crown, Sargon was able to consolidate his rule in Assyria and his son Sennacherib, as crown prince, assumed a very responsible role in the running of the state. The conquest of CarchemishPGP in 717 BC allowed Sargon to compensate for the costs of the permanent and intensive deployment of the ar...

    This hefty addition to his finances enabled Sargon to begin the construction of Dur-Šarruken, "Sargon's Fortress", in 713 BC. In contrast to (see Kalhu, and also the later capital city of Nineveh, this was an entirely new city, constructed on virgin soil in an area quite close to Kalhu which Sargon had identified as the perfect site for the centre ...

    Sargon continued the policy of conquest and annexation that had already characterised the reigns of Tiglath-pileser III and Shalmaneser V, but the effort to control areas that were situated ever farther away from the Assyrian heartland began to weigh heavily. Two provinces in the Zagros MountainsPGP were created in 716 BC but were only held after y...

  4. › destruction-of-israel › sargon-iiSargon II - Bible History

    Sargon II wasted no time in finishing the job that Shalmaneser started. At the end of 722 BC after a three year siege, Samaria fell. According to the annals of Sargon II he deported 27,290 Israelites over to the territory of Persia (II Kings 17:6) and placed other people from around his empire into the area of Samaria to populate the area.

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