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The Metropolitan Cathedral of Saints Vitus, Wenceslaus and Adalbert is a Roman Catholic metropolitan cathedral in Prague, the seat of the Archbishop of Prague. Until 1997, the cathedral was dedicated only to Saint Vitus, and is still commonly named only as St. Vitus Cathedral. This cathedral is a prominent example of Gothic architecture and is the largest and most important church in the country. Located within Prague Castle and containing the tombs of many Bohemian kings and Holy Roman Emperors
- Later years
St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest and the most important temple in Prague. Apart from religious services, coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place here. The cathedral is a place of burial of several patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops.
The cathedral is the third church consecrated to the same saint on the same site. Around the year 925, Prince Wenceslas (Václav) founded a Romanesque rotunda here, which after 1060 was converted into a basilica with three naves and two steeples. The importance of the church grew especially after the establishment of the Prague bishopric in 973 and the founding of the body of canons - the St. Vitus chapter, which later became an important cultural and administrative institution.
In 1344, Charles IV began the construction of a Gothic cathedral. Its first builders, Matthias of Arras and later Peter Parler, built the chancel with a ring of chapels, St. Wenceslas Chapel, the Golden Gate and the lower part of the Great South Tower. It was already Peter Parler who started the construction of the South Tower, however he did not complete it. In the 16th century, is was finished with a Renaissance view gallery and a helmet. Later in the 18th century, the older helmet was replaced by a new dome.
Unfortunately, in 1419 the construction of the Cathedral stopped because of the Hussite Wars. In spite of the endeavours of some sovereigns to secure the continuation of the construction work, the Cathedral remained uncompleted for whole centuries. The facade of the Cathedral was provisionally closed and for example the music choir was bulit.
It was not until the latter half of the 19th century that the Union for the Completion of the Cathedral began the repair of the original part and the completion of the Cathedral in Neo-Gothic style. The church was solemnly consecrated in 1929. Its interior was subjected to adaptations even in later years. Visitors enter the Cathedral through the portal in the western facade, opposite the passage-way between the Second and Third Courtyard of Prague Castle. Its bronze door is decorated with reliefs with scenes from the history of the Cathedral and from the legends about St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert. The Neo-Gothic part of the Cathedral consists of the main nave and the narrow side aisles, lined with chapels, and the northern wing of the transverse nave. The chapels have stained glass windows. In the cross nave, the ceremonial entrance into the Cathedral can be seen - the Golden Gate - leading to the Third Courtyard. Situated in the chancel of the Cathedral, in front of the high altar, is the Royal Mausoleum below which there is the royal crypt. The chancel is surrounded by a ring of Gothic chapels. Czech sovereigns and patron saints are interred in some of them. St. Wenceslas Chapel is a cult centre of St. Vitus Cathedral. Its magnificent decoration and the different conception of its architecture emphasize its singularity as the central point of the Cathedral with the tomb of the most important Czech patron saint. The facing of the walls, consisting of precious stones, and the wall paintings of the Passion Cycle are parts of the original 14th-century decoration of the chapel. The scenes from the life of St. Wenceslas forming another decorative band are attributed to the workshop of the Master of the Litomerice Altar (the cycle dates back to 1509). The door in the south-western corner of the chapel leads to the Crown Chamber in which the Bohemian Coronation Jewels are kept.
- West Side
- South Side
- Golden Portal
When you walk from the II courtyard to the III courtyard the first thing you notice is the impressive western part of St Vitus Cathedral. There is also the official main entrance to the cathedral. This part of the cathedral is the newest, it was built at the turn of the 19th and the 20th century (see St Vitus Cathedral History). The western part of the cathedral is characterized by two tall towers and the Rose Window. The author of this window, Frantisek Kysela, let himself inspire by old gothic windows in famous cathedrals in Paris. Notice four figures at the bottom of the window, two at at each side. They represent important people in the newest reconstruction of the cathedral.
When you continue to the III courtyard pasing the Old Provosty, you may notice that the part of St Vitus Cathedral from the Renaissance Bell Tower with the Baroque ‘helmet’ to the Gothic part on the right come from the times of the famous architect Petr Parler and his two sons. The dominant of this side, the Bell Tower, holds Zikmund, the biggest bell in the Czech Republic.
To the right of the tower is the former main entrance to the cathedral called Golden Portal. A large mosaicabove the entrance was made in a Bohemian glass factory with the assistance of Italian artists. It depicts the Last Judgement. Jesus is surrounded by angels and the kneeling Czech patrons – St Prokop, St Zikmund and St Vitus on the left and St Wenceslas, St Ludmila and St Vojtech on the right. The mosaic covers an area of 82 square meters.
Dec 26, 2018 · St Vitus Cathedral in Prague is the largest and most famous church in the Czech Republic. The cathedral is located on the site of the Castle of Prague. Visitors to St Vitus Cathedral have to pay admission. As a rule, tickets for Prague Castle are also valid for St Vitus Cathedral. St Vitus Cathedral Prague.
Víta) is Prague Castle, because it is the one building that dominates the city skyline (although in reality it is just one of many buildings contained within the Prague Castle complex). St. Vitus Cathedral was commissioned by Charles IV. It is a Gothic masterpiece and the spiritual symbol of the Czech state. Construction began in 1344 on the site of an earlier 10th century rotunda. Its first architects, Matthias of Arras and later Peter Parler, constructed the chancel with a ring of chapels ...
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- St. Vitus Cathedral Pragueyoutube.com
- IMPRESSIVE ST. VITUS Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republic!!! FULL WALKING TOUR.youtube.com
- St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republicyoutube.com
- Location, Map, Opening Hours, Tickets & Entrance Fee
- Virtual Tour of St. Vitus Cathedral
- Parts of The St. Vitus Cathedral
The cathedral’s history is connected to some of the most famous personalities in Czech history. The celebrated King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, for example, began the construction of the present-day Gothic Cathedral in 1344. He intended to make it a coronation church, family crypt, treasury for the most precious relics of the kingdom, and the last resting place (and pilgrimage site) of probably the most significant Czech patron saint, Wenceslaus.St. Vitus Cathedral, or to us...
Visitors enter the cathedral through the portal in the western facade, opposite the passageway between the Second and Third Courtyard of Prague Castle. There are several tram stops nearby (Královský letohrádek, Pražský hrad, Pohořelec) and also two metro stations (Malostranská and Hradčanská). Usually visitors take tram No. 22 (to Pražský hrad tram stop) and leave via the Old Castle Stairs to Malostranská metro station.Opening hours during the summer (April – October) are 9 am to 5 pm and 9 a...
On the official Prague castle website you can also take a nice virtual tour of the whole complex, including the St. Vitus Cathedral.Go to https://www.hrad.cz/en/prague-castle-for-visitors/virtual-tour, click on the map icon in the top-right corner and select “Cathedral of St. Vitus”.
St. Wenceslas Chapel is the cult centre of St. Vitus Cathedral. Its magnificent decoration emphasizes its singularity as the central point of the cathedral with the tomb of the most important Czech patron saint. Wenceslas I (also known as Wenceslaus or Václav in Czech) was the Duke of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935, in a plot by his own brother Boleslav the Cruel. Václav was considered a martyr and a saint immediately after his death, when a cult of Wenceslas arose in Bohemia...
- History of St. Vitus Cathedral
- Exteriors of St. Vitus Cathedral
- Inside of The Cathedral
But before going inside the cathedral, I would like share with you some facts about this building. The place where we today see the church used to serve as the basement for the first christian rotunda in Bohemia and Moravia. What is rotunda? It is the classic round church built in Roman style. I will show you one during the Early Birds city tour in Prague. According to the religious traditions, churches could have been built only on the basis of the remains of the saints. So the duke Wenceslasgot as a gift from the German king Henry I the right hand of St Vitus. It happened in the X century. Who is Saint Vitus? A young boy of 12 years old who was killed in Rome for his christian believes in 303. And since that times, tradition of sharing parts of Saint bodies was very popular. That is why Wenceslas (who also became Saint) decided to start the construction of the place for christians to pray. That was St. Vitus Rotunda, which dates back to 930.
Exteriors of the Cathedral are very impressive. One can see various styles of architecture and just try to measure how much of energy and human power they needed to complete such a constructions.And looking at such old buildings, always consider one important fact: they did not modern tools and robots, to count, measure and carry things.
Inside of the Cathedral you will get for free only to restricted area. To see all the interiors of St. Vitus you need to buy a ticket. But if you come on Sunday morning, hide you camera and tell the guards at the entrance to the church, that you plan to visit the mess. They will let you in for free. 1. Habsburg mausoleum (with bodies of Ferdinand I and his wife Anna Jagiellon, their son Maximillian II buried); 2. crypt (with 16 royal people buried there. The most famous areCharles IV, Wenceslas IV, Rudolph II); 3. St. Wenceslas Chapel; 4. Crown chamber; 5. sarcophagus of John of Nepomuk; 6. Wladislaw Chapel; 7. Stained-glass window; 8. wooden altar; 9. pulpit; 10. picture “Legend about St. Vitus” 11. Statue of St. Vitus. This is just a brief description of St. Vitus Cathedral, its history, exteriors and interiors. If you have interest in the place and would like to see more, click on the link and book a private tour to Prague castle, which will help you to plunge into the magic atmo...
St. Vitus’ Cathedral towers regally over the other buildings of Prague Castle. This fairytale cathedral, the largest in the Czech Republic, was centuries in the building – as a matter of fact, ten centuries.
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