Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge at the time of his death.
THERE is no life after death and to believe otherwise is just wishful thinking, at least according to theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking who made astonishing claims about God and the afterlife in a book penned just before his death.
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Jan 04, 2021 · Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes drew upon both relativity theory and quantum mechanics. In the 1960s Hawking contracted amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), an incurable degenerative neuromuscular disease, but he continued to work despite its disabling effects.
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Stephen Hawking was a British scientist, professor and author who performed groundbreaking work in physics and cosmology, and whose books helped to make science accessible to everyone.
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Stephen Hawking, Actor: Star Trek: The Next Generation. Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical ...
- Actor, Writer
- March 14, 2018
- January 8, 1942
- Early Life and Education
- Contributions and Achievements
- Personal Life
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England, UK. His father was Frank Hawking, an English biologist; his mother was Isobel Walker, a Scottish Philosophy, Politics and Economics graduate; both parents were graduates of the University of Oxford. Stephen had two younger sisters and an adopted brother. Stephen Hawking was an average student at school, deeply interested in science. After winning a scholarship in Natural Sciences at age 17, he graduated at age 20 with a first-class honors degree in Physics from University College, Oxford. Thereafter, Hawking carried out research at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge, for a PhD in Astronomy and Cosmology. In his early days at Cambridge, at age 21, Hawking was diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a motor neuron disease in which the nerves controlling the muscles become inactive while the sensory nerves function normally. At first his doctors expected him to die within two years. Due to this sustained con...
Hawking was known for bringing about a limited union between two very different fields: Albert Einstein’sgeneral theory of relativity and quantum theory. At one time it was thought that absolutely nothing could escape from a black hole. Hawking’s equations produced an amazing result – that over time black holes can lose energy – now known as Hawking radiation – hence they can shrink and ‘evaporate,’ disappearing from the universe. In his 2008 book The Black Hole War, the theoretical physicist Leonard Susskind wrote: In 1931, Georges Lemaîtrewas the first scientist to propose that the universe and time itself began in a single instant, emerging in a Big Bang. Lemaître believed the universe hatched from a ‘cosmic egg’ whose radius was similar to the earth-sun distance. In 1970, working with Roger Penrose, Hawking showed that if a Big Bang had happened and general relativity were true, then the universe must have grown from a point whose volume was zero, but which contained the entire...
His computer synthesized voice and the concept a genius mind trapped within a powerless body captured the public imagination all over the world. Arguably, Hawking became the most famous scientist of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, making appearances in TV shows such as The Big Bang Theory, The Simpsons, and Red Dwarf. The 2014 movie The Theory of Everythingwas a drama about Hawking’s life and work. Hawking’s 1988 book A Brief History of Time became an instant best-seller and was translated into 30 languages. It sold over 10 million copies worldwide. His 2001 book The Universe in a Nutshellwas hailed as a masterpiece of modern physics.
Stephen Hawking married Jane Wilde, a language student, in 1965, and they had three children: Lucy, Robert and Tim. The couple separated in 1991. From 2009 Hawking was almost completely paralyzed. Stephen Hawking died peacefully, age 76, at home, on March 14, 2018, in Cambridge, UK. His ashes were laid to rest in London’s Westminster Abbey between the final resting places of Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
Mar 14, 2018 · Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died, according to a ...
Mar 14, 2018 · F or more than 50 years, death was a poignant part of Stephen Hawking’s remarkable life.. The physicist, who died Wednesday at age 76, wasn’t expected to see his 25th birthday, after being ...
- What Is ALS?
- Who Gets ALS?
- How Rare Is Hawking’s Longevity?
- How Did Hawking Live So Long with ALS?
ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that erodes motor neurons — cells in the brain and spinal cord that control muscular function — until it becomes difficult or impossible for a person to walk, talk, speak, swallow and breathe, according to the ALS Association. ALS symptoms often begin with slurred speech or muscle weakness and twitching, according to the Mayo Clinic, and get worse over time. The rate at which a person’s condition degrades can...
Doctors aren’t totally sure what causes ALS in most cases, though it does appear to have a genetic component in some people, according to the Mayo Clinic. It’s usually diagnosed in people between ages 40 and 60, and men seem to be more likely than women to develop the condition, at least before the age of 65, the Mayo Clinic says.
Quite rare. Just 5% of ALS patients live longer than 20 years, according to the ALS Association, and it’s virtually unheard of to survive for 50 years or more — though North America’s longest-living ALS patient, a Canadian named Steven Wells, has had the condition for almost 40 years.“This is fairly untypical,” says Lucie Bruijn, the ALS Association’s chief scientist, adding that she is not aware of anyone who has survived ALS longer than Hawking did. Hawking was also able to evade the dement...
Researchers aren’t sure, Bruijn says. “ALS is a complex disorder, and every journey is so incredibly variable,” she says. “We are working with teams globally on these very big data efforts, trying to understand each person’s clinical journey, what their genetics look like and what they were exposed to.” From that, she says, they’re “trying to figure out the puzzle.”With only a few cases of extreme longevity on record, Bruijn says the sample size is too small to draw concrete conclusions about...
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