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  1. www.cia.gov › the-world-factbook › countriesTaiwan - The World Factbook

    Aug 31, 2021 · Taiwan's population is aging quickly, with the number of people over 65 expected to account for nearly 20% of the island's total population by 2025. The island runs a trade surplus with many economies, including China and the US, and its foreign reserves are the world's fifth largest, behind those of China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and Switzerland.

  2. Sep 12, 2021 · Taiwan, island in the western Pacific Ocean that lies roughly 100 miles (160 km) off the coast of southeastern China. Taipei, in the north, is the seat of government of the Republic of China (ROC; Nationalist China). Learn more about the history of Taiwan in this article.

  3. Feb 24, 2021 · Taiwan is an island country located at the western edge of the Pacific Ocean. The main island of the country covers an area of 35,808 sq. km. About two-thirds of Taiwan is a rugged mountain landscape. As observed on the physical map of Taiwan, the Chung-yang Shan range (central) dominates the island. It has over 200 peaks exceeding 3,000 m in ...

  4. The history of the island of Taiwan dates back tens of thousands of years to the earliest known evidence of human habitation. The sudden appearance of a culture based on agriculture around 3000 BC is believed to reflect the arrival of the ancestors of today's Taiwanese indigenous peoples. The island was colonized by the Dutch in the 17th century, followed by an influx of Hoklo people including ...

  5. The population of Taiwan, is approximately 23.57 million, spread across a total land area of about 36,000 km 2; it is the seventeenth most densely populated country in the world, with a population density of about 651 inhabitants per square kilometer.. The original population of the island of Taiwan and its associated islands, i.e. not including Kinmen and the Matsu Islands, consists of a ...

  6. Sep 17, 2021 · Taiwan is considered at risk of attack or invasion by Beijing, although the potential nature and timing is debated. Unification is a key goal of Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, who has not ruled out ...

  7. 2 days ago · Taiwan's air force scrambled on Friday to warn away 10 Chinese aircraft that entered its air defense zone, Taiwan's defense ministry said, the day after the island announced a $9 billion boost to ...

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