Tbilisi (English: / t ə b ɪ ˈ l iː s i, t ə ˈ b ɪ l ɪ s i / tə-bih-LEE-see, tə-BIL-ih-see; Georgian: თბილისი ()), in some countries also still known by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis (/ ˈ t ɪ f l ɪ s / TIF-lis), is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.
- 770 m (2,530 ft)
- AD 455
- 380 m (1,250 ft)
About Tbilisi Georgia’s capital, Tbilisi, is straight from the pages of a Gothic fairytale. A deep valley forms the backdrop to brightly colored turrets, cobblestoned streets, and a burgeoning art scene, while warm Georgian hospitality permeates the mix of contemporary and traditional restaurants serving up local favorites.
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Mar 31, 2020 · With its dramatic valley setting, picturesque Old Town, eclectic architecture and superb eating and drinking opportunities, Tbilisi is the vibrant, beating heart of Georgia and home to more than one in three of its citizens.
Tbilisi is a major cultural and educational centre, with a university, several other institutions of higher education, and more than 100 research establishments. The city is a principal industrial centre of the region.
Georgia's ancient and vibrant capital city spreads out on both banks of the Mtkvari River, and is surrounded on three sides by mountains. The most widely accepted variant of the legend of Tbilisi's founding says that in the mid-5th century AD, King Vakhtang I Gorgasali was hunting in the heavily wooded region with a falcon.
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Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი) is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants. Tbilisi is known for its distinctive architecture, which reflects the city's storied past and comprises an eclectic mix of Medieval, Neoclassical, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and Modernist structures.
Tbilisi lies in the centre of eastern Georgia, in the foothills of the Trialeti mountain range. According to Georgian legends, it was founded in the 5th century by King Vakhtang Gorgasali who, while hunting, shot a pheasant which fell into a warm spring and was either boiled or healed. Either way, the king was inspired to found a city on the site, and the name of the city derives from the Georgian word tbili meaning \\"warm\\".
Although the city has been destroyed and rebuilt some 29 times, the layout of the Old Town is largely intact with narrow alleys and big crooked houses built around courtyards.
Tbilisi has cool winters and warm summers. There is very little rain. It rains only 70 days per year. It is common to snow in Tbilisi in the beginning of the year. Most rain falls on the summer months. Summers in Tbilisi can get very hot, with the record high being 42°C, winters can get cold with the record low being -24.4°C.
Tbilisi International Airport (IATA: TBS) is 17km southeast of the city centre. A new, modern terminal was inaugurated in 2007. There are ATMs, multiple SIM card vendors, a CIP lounge, and free Wi-Fi (Silknet) in the airport. George W. Bush Avenue leads from the airport to downtown Tbilisi. At the Samgori station, near the east end of line 1 (red), one can change for bus 37 to the airport. The bus actually goes all the way to the city centre, but roads can become congested, so changing may be a quicker option. Marschrutkas leave from the international bus station \\"Ortachalla\\" at 8am, 10am, 11am and 1pm. Marschrutkas take 6-7 hours, 30 Lari. Marschrutkas also leave from the main train station, but less frequently than at Ortachala. Please note, that drivers might be smoking inside while driving. From \\"Didube\\" regional bus station, catch marschrutka 150 to reach Ortachalla. From Freedom Sq. catch 44, 50 or 71 bus to reach Ortachalla. Minivans also depart across from the Avlabari Metro station. The minivans depart at 9am and 5pm, cost 35 lari, and take 5 hours. The seven seats can be reserved by calling +374 94 320460 or +374 91 141490 in Armenia or +995 593 229554 or +995 592 202617 in Georgia. If you want to go to Baku by Marshrutka, take the Marshrutka from Station Square (in front of Tbilisi Railway Station) to Красный Мост (Red Bridge). There's a sign saying \\"Gold Market\\" at the bottom of the brutalist building and the Marshrutka goes right in front of it (I also marked the location on maps.me). It goes at 10 am and costs 4 Lari. The Marshrutka goes straight to the border (last stop) in about 90 minutes. Cross the border and pass all the annoying taxi drivers. There are buses to the left. The ticket to Baku is 12 Manat, one of the buses leaves at 12.15 pm. The bus rarely stops and took us 8 hours (April 2019).
Aeroflot (Moscow-Sheremetyevo), Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air Astana (Almaty, Astana), airBaltic (Riga), Air Cairo (Cairo, Hurghada, Sharm-El-Sheikh), Arkia Israel Airlines (Tel Aviv), ATA Airlines (Tehran), Atlas Global (Istanbul-Ataturk), Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku), Belavia (Minsk), China Southern Airlines (Ürümqi, Beijing), Dniproavia (Dnepropetrovsk), El-Al (Tel Aviv), Emirates (Dubai), flydubai (Dubai), flynas (Jeddah, Riyadh), Georgian Airways (Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Batumi, Berlin, Bologna, Bratislava, Brussels, Cologne, Kazan, Kharkiv, Kyiv-Boryspil, London-Gatwick, Moscow-Vnukovo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Thessaloniki, Saint-Petersburg, Vienna, Yerevan), Gulf Air (Manama), Jazeera Airways (Kuwait), LOT Polish Airlines (Warsaw), Lufthansa (Munich), MyWay Arilines (Antalya, Batumi, Tel Aviv), Pegasus Airlines (Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen), Pobeda Airlines (Rostov), Qatar Airways (Doha, Baku), Salam Air (Muscat), SCAT (Aktau), S7 Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo), TAROM (Bucharest), Turkish Airlines (Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen), Ukraine International Airlines (Kyiv-Boryspil), Ural Airlines (Ekaterinburg, Krasnodar, Sochi), Wataniya Airways (Kuwait), Wings of Lebanon (Beirut), Zagros Airlines (Tehran). Domestic trains run between Tbilisi and Batumi, Ozurgeti, Kutaisi, Nikozi, Sadakhlo, Borjomi, Gardabani, Poti, Tbilisi Airport and Zugdidi. International trains run regularly between Tbilisi and Baku and between Tbilisi and Yerevan. A new rail connection with Turkey was completed in 2017. The complete list of trains and destinations can be found Here
Taxis between the airport and the city cost 20-30 lari. Standard rates are listed on a board by the taxi rank as you exit the airport, on the right hand side.
You must download the Georgian Railway Tickets app if you want to purchase your ticket in advance (only possible a few hours before the train's arrival). List of passengers will be printed and the documents of the main ticket holder will be checked upon boarding. Alternatively, you can purchase tickets at Tbilisi Railway Station. Tickets are not sold at every station en route, nor are they sold on board.
Kars Vipturizm operates a daily minibus services between Kars, Ardahan, Akhaltsikhe and Tiblis. Phone: +904449188. Little english spoken.
Neo-Turs bus company offers bus transfers Tbilsi - Thessaloniki - Athens and back, starting from Didube bus station (price: USD100).
The main mini-bus station can be found at Metro station Didube. Buses 21 and 46 lead there from the city center. It's rather large, and you'll find minibuses to almost anywhere. Once at the metro platforms, take the train on the right (going forwards). This direction takes you to the main station and centre. There are no signs in English.
The Saturday flea market (\\"Dry Bridge Market\\") by the river (on the \\"Dry Overpass\\" and surrounding areas) is one of the best places to get jewellery, antiques and even antiques swords, as well as musical instruments and electronics. Haggling is encouraged, although if you speak little Georgian or Russian you may experience the odd juxtaposition of bargaining for antiques using the keypad of your vendor's mobile phone. Find Nana - the kind hearted old seller of the Dry Bridge Market (everybody knows her, just ask). This is if you want to have a real georgian experience in the market, with a few interesting stories, local sweetest tangerines as gifts for a stranger from far away (meaning you) and an honest georgian smile. This market is also active on other days of the week, albeit on a smaller scale.
Georgia is well known as the cradle of wine. Georgian wine was and still is the best in post-Soviet culture. Georgia produces wine, and Georgians respect wine culture. Try one of the famous wines. The region which is popular for its wine production is Kakheti. This place has a great history of wine.
As many streets do not have Latin addresses, one should be advised to download and have a map with the accommodation shown clearly, especially in the budget locations. Often street names are given also in Cyrillic script.
Tbilisi is very safe after the Rose Revolution. The police system was reformed completely and the recent polls show that public's trust in police shifted from nearly 10% to 88%. The police are usually quick to respond, though usually only Georgian and Russian are spoken. While walking is generally fine, even for solo women, it makes sense to take a bus or taxi home at night. Use common sense and big-city awareness. Night time at the clubs and bars is safe, and taxi service is safe as long as it's a company taxi like \\"009\\" or others. The public bus is also a good, safe option for 0.50 lari.
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Dream House The apartment is located in the heart of the city, next to the famous Dry Bridge where the Old City begins. Two parks are located nearby, as well as cafes and restaurants. You will definitely like my apartment because it has everything you need: location, atmosphere, comfort, proximity to all famous sigh-seeing places in Tbilisi.