Thomas of Lancaster, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl of Derby, jure uxoris 4th Earl of Lincoln and jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury (c. 1278 – 22 March 1322) was an English nobleman. A member of the House of Plantagenet, he was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to his first cousin, King Edward II . Contents
Thomas of Lancaster, in full Thomas, 2nd earl of Lancaster, 2nd earl of Leicester, and earl of Lincoln, (born c. 1278—died March 22, 1322, Pontefract, Yorkshire, England), a grandson of King Henry III of England and the main figure in the baronial opposition to King Edward II.
- Titles and Lands
- Conflict with Edward II and Death
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Thomas Plantagenet was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of Artois. His paternal grandparents were Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. His maternal grandparents were Robert I of Artois and Matilda of Brabant, who was a daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant.
From his father Thomas Plantagenet inherited the Earldoms of Lancaster, Leicester, and Derby. By his marriage to Alice de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, daughter of Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln, he became Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Salisbury and the 11th Baron of Halton upon the death of his father-in-law in 1311. Master of five earldoms, he was on...
His marriageto Alice de Lacy was not successful. They had no children, though he had two illegitimate sons. In 1317, she was abducted from her manor at Canford, Dorset by Richard de St Martin, a knight in the service of John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey. This incident caused a feud between Lancaster and Surrey; Lancaster divorced his wife and sei...
He served in the coronation of his cousin, King Edward II of England, on February 25, 1308, carrying Curtana, the sword of St Edward the Confessor. Edward vowed to "maintain the laws and rightful customs which the community of the realm shall have chosen," as well as to "maintain peace and do justice." The reference to the "community" was an innovation.This was an oath "not simply to maintain the existing law, but to maintain the law as it might develop during the reign." At the beginning of...
Chief Councilor of England
Plantagenet, known as Lancaster, was one of the Lords Ordainers who demanded the banishment of Gaveston and the establishment of a baronial council - a committee of twenty-one leading barons- to oversee England's governance. Parliament passed regulations that restricted Edward's ability to spend, and to act without consultation. His private army helped separate the King and Gaveston, and he was then was one of the "judges" who convicted Gaveston and saw him executed. Edward was infamous for h...
Out of government
The new leadership, eventually headed by Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his son Hugh Despenser the younger, proved no more popular with the Baronage, and in 1321 Lancaster (who had stayed away from Parliament as long as Despenser was in power) was again at the head of a rebellion. The rebel barons convinced Parliament to banish both Despensers, who went into exile in August 1321. Hugh became a pirate in the English Channel, "a sea monster, lying in wait for merchants as they cr...
Thomas Lancaster's reputation improved with age. He has been described as "a coarse, selfish and violent man, without any of the attributes of a statesman" and as "vindictive, greedy and cruel, and lethargic when presented with real power."His instinct, however, was to uphold the law and, notwithstanding his faults, he can not be accused of pure se...Arnold-Baker, Charles. 2001. The Companion to British History. London, UK: Routledge. ISBN 9780415185837.Cross, Arthur Lyon. 1920. A Shorter History of England and Greater Britain.London, UK: Macmillan.Given-Wilson, Chris. 1987. The English Nobility in the Late Middle Ages: The Fourteenth Century Political Community. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 9780710204912.Lyon, Ann. 2003. Constitutional History of the UK. London, UK: Cavendish. ISBN 9781859417461.
Nov 23, 2017 · About Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster "Thomas, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster (c. 1278 – 22 March 1322) was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to Edward II of England." ============================================================================================================= Links:
- circa 1278
- Grismond Castle, Monmouthshire, England
- Titles and lands
Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester (c. 1278 – March 22, 1322) was an English nobleman. A member of the House of Plantagenet, he was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to his first cousin, King Edward II of England.
Thomas was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback and Blanche of Artois, Queen Dowager of Navarre and niece of King Louis IX of France by her father Robert I Earl of Artois. Crouchback was the son of King Henry III of England. His marriage to Alice de Lacy was not successful. They had no children together, while he fathered, illegitimately, two sons n...
Thomas of Lancaster's main possessions (Maddicott) From his father Thomas inherited the Earldoms of Lancaster, Leicester, and a Ferrers earldom of Derby. By his marriage to Alice de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, daughter and heiress of Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln, he became Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Salisbury, 11th Baron of Halton and 7th Lord o...
Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester(c. 1278 – 22 March 1322) was an Englishnobleman. A member of the House of Plantagenet, he was one of the leaders of the baronialopposition to his first cousin, King Edward II of England. Contents 1Life 2Titles and lands 3Arms 4Ancestry 5Footnotes 6References 7Further reading 8External links Life
Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster C. 1278 - 22 March 1322 Thomas of Lancaster was the eldest son of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster and Blanche of Artois, the daughter of Count Robert I of Artois and Matilda of Brabant and a granddaughter of King Louis VIII of France.