Thomas Cromwell (/ ˈ k r ɒ m w əl,-w ɛ l /; c. 1485 – 28 July 1540), briefly Earl of Essex, was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII from 1534 to 1540, when he was beheaded on orders of the king, who later blamed false charges for the execution.
- Execution (beheaded)
- Elizabeth Wyckes
- Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, Anne Cromwell, Grace Cromwell, Jane Cromwell
- Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex
Thomas Cromwell, in full Thomas Cromwell, earl of Essex, Baron Cromwell of Okeham, (born c. 1485, Putney, near London—died July 28, 1540, probably London), principal adviser (1532–40) to England’s Henry VIII, chiefly responsible for establishing the Reformation in England, for the dissolution of the monasteries, and for strengthening the ...
- Early Career & Rise
- The 'Great Matter'
- The Monasteries & Rebellion
- Other Roles & Titles
- Two More Wives For The King
- Downfall & Execution
Thomas Cromwell was born in Putney, London, the son of a blacksmith and cloth merchant c. 1485 CE. The young Thomas earned a living as a mercenary soldier in Italy from 1503 CE and then went into business where he learnt banking in the Italian banking house led by Francesco Frescobaldi. He visited Rome in 1517 CE and then moved on to Antwerp where ...
Still seeking a divorce from Catherine and a legitimate male heir, Henry charged Cromwell with solving the 'Great Matter' which would allow the king to marry his new favourite Anne Boleyn(c. 1501-1536 CE). To add a little pressure on the king, Anne would not sleep with Henry until they were married. Cromwell attempted to use Parliament to apply pre...
The next scene in this momentous drama came in 1536 CE when Henry presented Parliament with a bill to abolish all monasteries in his kingdom, the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The bill was passed and the estates of the monasteries were redistributed to the Crown and Henry's supporters. The king knew exactly what he was getting as Cromwell had sen...
Cromwell supervised an extensive renovation of the Tower of London from 1532 CE, a project which used almost 3,000 tons of Caen stone. The fortifications were strengthened and a new jewel house built, the latter perhaps reflecting Cromwell's role as Master of the Jewels. In 1533 CE he became Master of the Rolls (and so looked after legal records fo...
After all the fuss to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn, it came as a disappointment to everyone that Henry soon sought a third wife. Henry and Anne suffered a tumultuous relationship and still no healthy son was forthcoming. The king's eye wandered once again to a lady-in-waiting at court, Jane Seymour (c. 1509-1537 CE). Cromwell t...
Cromwell's grip on power was finally loosened in the summer of 1540 CE as his enemies gathered to plot against him. Most dangerous were Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk and Bishop Stephen Gardiner, leaders of the conservative Catholic faction that rivalled Thomas Cranmer's more radical group. The political hawks bent the ear of the king and persuaded...
- Mark Cartwright
- Publishing Director
Jan 31, 2015 · Thomas Cromwell was as great a statesman as England has ever seen and, in his decade of power, permanently changed the course of English history. Unlike his mentor, Cardinal Wolsey, Cromwell was not a priest or a papist. He was a lawyer determined to impose his own character – methodical, detached, and calculating – upon government.
Thomas Cromwell (1485 - 1540), chief minister to Henry VIII Sir Oliver Cromwell (1562 – 1655), Oliver Cromwell’s uncle and godfather Thomas Beard (d.1632), Cromwell’s schoolmaster Elizabeth Cromwell, nee Bourchier (1598 – 1665), Cromwell’s wife
Thomas Cromwell is chief minister to Henry VIII of England . 1533 Thomas Cromwell is made Master of the Rolls. 1533 Thomas Cromwell pushes through Parliament the Act in Restraint of Appeals which declares that the English monarch is now the highest authority on all legal matters. 23 May 1533
May 14, 2020 · Cromwell was the son of a businessman and a son of a much less flattering B-word when it came to his enemies. He initially tried to become a mercenary in the French army, but much like his future executioner, Cromwell couldn't hack it. Instead, he became a sharp businessman and lawyer.