The power struggle between Toqta of the Golden Horde and Nogai Khan of the Nogai Horde flares up into open conflict, and Toqta is the eventual victor. With the threat of a break-away khanate ended, the Golden Horde is fully under the control of one khan again.
Toqta Khan attempts to end the semi-independent rule of the Rus vassal princes by sending his brothers at the head of an army that devastates no less than fourteen towns. Toqta himself forces Grand Prince Demetrius of Vladimir to abdicate, which is an important victory in itself as he is an ally of Nogai Khan of the Nogai Horde.
27:374. Toqta sent off an army to Kaffa, their headquarters, but the Genoese had advance notice of the attack and fled by boat. Toqta found some solace by expropriating the wealth of their compatriots in Saray. 12 Das Mongolische Weltreich: al-Umarʿ īs Darstellung der mongolischen Reiche in seinem Werk Masālik
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Tokhta (Toqta, Tokhtai, Tochtu atau Tokhtogha) (wafat sekitar tahun 1312) adalah seorang khan Gerombolan Emas, putra Mengu-Timur dan cicit Batu Khan.Namanya "Tokhtokh" artinya "pegang/memegang" dalam bahasa Mongolia.
Chaka did not long enjoy his new position of power as Bulgarian Emperor, as the armies of Toqta followed him into Bulgaria and besieged Tărnovo. Theodore Svetoslav, who had been instrumental in assisting Chaka's seizure of power, organized a plot in which Chaka was deposed and strangled in prison in 1300.
Mengu-Timur or Möngke Temür (Mongolian: ᠮᠦᠨᠺᠬᠲᠡᠮᠦᠷ, Мөнхтөмөр; Russian: Мангутемир, Mangutemir) (?–1280), son of Toqoqan Khan and Buka Ujin of Oirat and the grandson of Batu Khan. He was a khan of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire in 1266–1280.
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The inclusion of the Black Sea basin into the long-distance trade network – with its two axes of the Silk Road through the Golden Horde (Urgench-Sarai-Tana/Caffa) and the Spice Road through the Ilkhanate (Ormuz-Tabriz-Trebizond) – was the two Mongol states’ most important contribution to making the sea a “crossroads of international commerce”.
Jul 20, 2020 · Genealogy profile for Khan Hulagu Borjigin dynasty. Fifth son of Tolui. Hulegu was sent in 1255 by his brother Munke (who was the Great Khan from 1251 to 1258 ), to destroy what remained of the Member Muslims in Southwest Asia.