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  1. Tower of London Discover London’s castle – a secure fortress, royal palace and infamous prison Explore London’s iconic castle and World Heritage Site. Get up close to the Crown Jewels in the year of the Platinum Jubilee, meet the legendary Yeoman Warders and ravens and see the Tower like never before. Opening times From 1 March Daily:

    • The Ravens

      Meet the famous ravens at the Tower of London and learn more...

    • Tower of London Prison

      The Tower of London was built as a secure fortress and a...

    • What's On

      The story of the Tower of London; Yeoman Warders at the...

  2. The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, which is separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill.

    • White Tower: 1078, Inner Ward: 1190s, Re-built: 1285, Wharf expansion: 1377–1399
    • Castle: 12 acres (4.9 ha), Tower Liberties: 6 acres (2.4 ha)
  3. The Tower of London is one of the oldest and most well preserved buildings in the world. Over time, the Tower of London has been used to protect England from its enemies, as well as palace for the royal family. Visiting the Tower of London is a must for any first time London visitor, as well as those who have traveled to London a few times.

  4. We offer all the essential facilities and tips for a perfect day out. The Tower of London is an historic site with uneven, worn and sometimes slippery surfaces. Please take care when walking and wear appropriate footwear. Please note there are no left luggage facilities and large bags are not permitted in the Tower.

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    Why WA the Tower of London a prison?

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    • The White Tower
    • The Bell Tower and The Wardrobe Tower
    • The Beefeaters
    • Torture in The Tower of London
    • Executions at The Tower
    • The Tower of London Today
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    Initial construction of the “White Tower,” the oldest structure in the Tower of London complex, started in 1078 and was completed in 1100, during the rule of King William II. It was designed and built by Gundulf of Rochester, a Norman bishop who has been credited with overseeing the construction of a number of important sites in English history, in...

    Subsequent monarchs took steps to fortify and expand the complex. Construction of the Bell Tower commenced in 1190 and was completed in 1210. The bell at the top of the tower was rung to warn of emergencies, such as a fire or impending enemy attack. The Wardrobe Tower was also commissioned in 1190 and completed in 1199. As the name indicates, the t...

    Over the ensuing centuries, many towers as well as a protective wall were added to the Tower of London complex. In the late 1200s, for example, King Edward Iordered the construction of a mint in the complex, which remained in use until 1968. Since 1485, security at the Tower of London complex has been maintained by a special order of guards known a...

    The Tower of London’s role as a prison evolved to make it the preferred incarceration site for anyone—even members of the royalty—deemed a threat to national security. As cruel as the place was known to be, however, not all prisoners suffered terrible conditions. Wealthy inmates, for example, were allowed to live relatively luxuriously, with some e...

    Torture may have been fairly rare, but executions were relatively common at the Tower of London. Scores of prisoners were executed at the site, by beheading, firing squad or hanging. Writer and statesman Sir Thomas More was beheaded in the Tower after refusing to recognize King Henry VIII as the head of the Church of England in 1535. A year later, ...

    The Tower of London has been a tourist attraction in the city since the late 19th century, but while Simon Fraser was the last person executed by beheading at the prison, in 1745, for his role in the Scottish Jacobite Rebellion, the facility retained its role in crime and punishment well into the 20th century. Eleven German spies were executed at t...

    Prisoners of the Tower. Historic Royal Palaces. King John Balliol of Scotland (1292-1296). BritRoyals.com. German spy Josef Jakobs was last man to be executed in Tower of London. The Daily Telegraph.

  6. London, Tower of: Water Lane © Ron Gatepain ( A Britannica Publishing Partner) The inner “curtain” has 13 towers surrounding the White Tower, of which the best known are the Bloody Tower, the Beauchamp Tower, and the Wakefield Tower. The outer curtain is surrounded by the moat, originally fed by the Thames but drained since 1843.

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