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    Where was the city of vicuna located in Chile?

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    How is a vicuna different from a guanaco?

  2. Vicuña, Chile - Wikipedia › wiki › Vicuña,_Chile

    Vicuña was founded on February 22, 1821, by Colonel Joaquín Vicuña Larraín, who was the first intendant of Coquimbo Province, by order of Bernardo O'Higgins. He named it Villa de San Isidro de Vicuña. In 1872, its name was shortened to Vicuña, in honor of its founder. Topography

    • February 22, 1821
    • Elqui
  3. THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Vicuna - 2021 (with Photos ... › Attractions-g970257

    Things to Do in Vicuna, Chile: See Tripadvisor's 7,268 traveler reviews and photos of Vicuna tourist attractions. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in April. We have reviews of the best places to see in Vicuna. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions.

  4. Vicuna 2021: Best of Vicuna, Chile Tourism - Tripadvisor › Tourism-g970257-Vicuna

    Vicuna Tourism: Tripadvisor has 7,264 reviews of Vicuna Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Vicuna resource.

  5. Vicuña, Chile › en › vicuna

    Vicuña is the main urban center of the Elqui Valley. Founded in 1821 and located 620 meters above sea level, the town offers a beautiful landscape and different ...

  6. THE 10 BEST Hotels in Vicuna for 2021 (from $28) - Tripadvisor › Hotels-g970257-Vicuna

    The #1 Best Value of 62 places to stay in Vicuna. Free Wifi. Free parking. Terral Hotel & Spa. Show Prices. #2 Best Value of 62 places to stay in Vicuna. Free Wifi. Free parking. Hostal Boutique Esquina Elquina B&B. Show Prices. 1,559 reviews. #3 Best Value of 62 places to stay in Vicuna.

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  9. Vicuña (Chile) - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre › wiki › Vicuña_(Chile)

    Vicuña es una ciudad y comuna de Chile en la provincia de Elqui, región de Coquimbo.Limita al norte con la comuna de Alto del Carmen, al oeste con las comunas de La Higuera, La Serena y Andacollo, al este con Argentina y al sur con las comunas de Paihuano y Río Hurtado.

  10. Vicuña - Wikipedia › wiki › Vicuña
    • Overview
    • Description
    • Distribution and habitat
    • Behavior
    • Conservation

    The vicuña or vicuna is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco, which lives at lower elevations. Vicuñas are relatives of the llama, and are now believed to be the wild ancestor of domesticated alpacas, which are raised for their coats. Vicuñas produce small amounts of extremely fine wool, which is very expensive because the animal can only be shorn every three years and has to be caught from the wild...

    The vicuña is considered more delicate and gracile than the guanaco, and smaller. A key distinguishing element of morphology is the better-developed incisor roots for the guanaco. The vicuña's long, woolly coat is tawny brown on the back, whereas the hair on the throat and chest is white and quite long. The head is slightly shorter than the guanaco's and the ears are slightly longer. The length of head and body ranges from 1.45 to 1.60 m; shoulder height is from 75 to 85 cm; its weight is ...

    Vicuñas are native to the central Andes in South America. They are found in Peru, northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, and northern Chile. A smaller, introduced population lives in central Ecuador. Vicuñas live at altitudes of 3,200 to 4,800 m. They feed in daytime on the grassy plains of the Andes Mountains, but spend the nights on the slopes. In these areas, only nutrient-poor, tough, bunch grasses and Festuca grow. The sun's rays are able to penetrate the thin atmosphere, producing ...

    The behavior of vicuñas is similar to that of the guanacos. They are very shy animals, and are easily aroused by intruders, due, among other things, to their extraordinary hearing. Like the guanacos, they frequently lick calcareous stones and rocks, which are rich in salt, and also drink salt water. Their diets consist mainly of low grasses which grow in clumps on the ground. Vicuñas live in family-based groups made up of a male, five to 15 females, and their young. Each group has its own ...

    From the period of Spanish conquest to 1964, hunting of the vicuña was unrestricted, which reduced its numbers to only 6,000 in the 1960s. As a result, the species was declared endangered in 1974, and its status prohibited the trade of vicuña wool. In Peru, during 1964–1966, the Servicio Forestal y de Caza in cooperation with the US Peace Corps, Nature Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund, and the National Agrarian University of La Molina established a nature conservatory for the vicuña ...

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