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  1. Vivien Leigh - Timenote › en › Vivien-Leigh
    • Early Life and Acting Debut
    • Early Career
    • Meeting Laurence Olivier
    • Gone with The Wind
    • Marriage and Early Joint Projects
    • A Streetcar Named Desire
    • Struggle with Illness
    • Final Years and Death
    • Legacy

    Born Vivian Mary Hartleyin the campus of St. Paul's School, Darjeeling in the then Bengal Presidency of British India, she was the only child of Ernest Hartley, an English officer in the Indian Cavalry, and his wife, Gertrude Mary Frances (née Yackjee; 1888–1972), a devout Roman Catholic, believed to be of Irish and Armenian descent. Ernest and Gertrude Hartley were married in 1912 in Kensington, London. In 1917, Ernest Hartley was transferred to Bangalore, while Gertrude and Vivian stayed in Ootacamund. Young Vivian made her first stage appearance at the age of three, reciting "Little Bo Peep" for her mother's amateur theatre group. Gertrude Hartley tried to instill in her daughter an appreciation of literature and introduced her to the works of Hans Christian Andersen, Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling, as well as stories of Greek mythology and Indian folklore. At the age of six, Vivian Hartley was sent to the Convent of the Sacred Heart (now Woldingham School) in Roehampton, sout...

    Leigh's friends suggested she take a small role in the film Things Are Looking Up, which marked her film debut. She engaged an agent, John Gliddon, who believed that "Vivian Holman" was not a suitable name for an actress. After rejecting his suggestion, "April Morn", she took "Vivien Leigh" as her professional name. Gliddon recommended her to Alexander Korda as a possible film actress, but Korda rejected her as lacking potential. She was cast in the play The Mask of Virtue in 1935, and received excellent reviews, followed by interviews and newspaper articles. One such article was from the Daily Express, in which the interviewer noted "a lightning change came over her face", which was the first public mention of the rapid changes in mood which had become characteristic of her. John Betjeman, the future Poet Laureate, described her as "the essence of English girlhood". Korda attended her opening-night performance, admitted his error, and signed her to a film contract, with the spellin...

    Laurence Olivier saw Leigh in The Mask of Virtue, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance. Olivier and Leigh began an affair after acting as lovers in Fire Over England (1937), when Olivier was married to actress Jill Esmond. During this time, Leigh read the Margaret Mitchell novel Gone with the Wind and instructed her American agent to suggest her to David O. Selznick, who was planning a film version. She remarked to a journalist, "I've cast myself as Scarlett O'Hara"; and The Observerfilm critic C.A. Lejeune recalled a conversation of the same period in which Leigh "stunned us all" with the assertion that Olivier "won't play Rhett Butler, but I shall play Scarlett O'Hara. Wait and see." Despite her relative inexperience, Leigh was chosen to play Ophelia to Olivier's Hamlet in an Old Vic Theatre production staged at Elsinore, Denmark. Olivier later recalled an incident when her mood rapidly changed as she was preparing to go onstage. Without apparen...

    Hollywood was in the midst of a widely publicised search to find an actress to portray Scarlett O'Hara in David O. Selznick's production of Gone with the Wind (1939). Leigh's American theatrical agent was the London representative of the Myron Selznick Agency (Myron was David's brother). In February 1938, Leigh asked that she be allowed to play Scarlett O'Hara. Selznick, who watched her performance that month in Fire Over England and A Yank at Oxford, thought her to be excellent but in no way a possible Scarlett, as she was "too British". Leigh travelled to Los Angeles to be with Olivier and to try to convince Selznick that she was Scarlett. When Myron Selznick, who also represented Olivier, met Leigh, he felt that she possessed the qualities his brother was searching for. According to legend, Myron Selznick took Leigh and Olivier to the set where the burning of the Atlanta Depot scene was being filmed and introduced Leigh, telling his brother, "Hey, genius, meet your Scarlett O'Har...

    From Waterloo Bridge(1940) In February 1940, Jill Esmond agreed to divorce Olivier, and Leigh Holman agreed to divorce Leigh, although they maintained a strong friendship for the rest of Leigh's life. Esmond was granted custody of Tarquin, her son with Olivier. Holman was granted custody of Suzanne, his daughter with Leigh. On 31 August 1940, Olivier and Leigh were married in Santa Barbara, California, in a ceremony attended only by their witnesses, Katharine Hepburn and Garson Kanin. Leigh had hoped to co-star with Olivier and made a screen test for Rebecca, which was to be directed by Alfred Hitchcock with Olivier in the leading role. After viewing Leigh's screen test, Selznick noted that "she doesn't seem right as to sincerity or age or innocence", a view shared by Hitchcock and Leigh's mentor, George Cukor. Selznick observed that she had shown no enthusiasm for the part until Olivier had been confirmed as the lead actor so he cast Joan Fontaine. He refused to allow her to join O...

    As Blanche DuBois, from the trailer for the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire(1951) Leigh next sought the role of Blanche DuBois in the West End stage production of Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and was cast after Williams and the play's producer Irene Mayer Selznick saw her in The School for Scandal and Antigone; Olivier was contracted to direct. Containing a rape scene and references to promiscuity and homosexuality, the play was destined to be controversial, and the media discussion about its suitability added to Leigh's anxiety, but she believed strongly in the importance of the work. When the West End production of Streetcaropened in October 1949, J. B. Priestley denounced the play and Leigh's performance; and the critic Kenneth Tynan commented that Leigh was badly miscast because British actors were "too well-bred to emote effectively on stage". Olivier and Leigh were chagrined that part of the commercial success of the play lay in audience members atten...

    In 1951, Leigh and Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, alternating the play each night and winning good reviews. They took the productions to New York, where they performed a season at the Ziegfeld Theatre into 1952. The reviews there were also mostly positive, but the critic Kenneth Tynan angered them when he suggested that Leigh's was a mediocre talent that forced Olivier to compromise his own. Tynan's diatribe almost precipitated another collapse; Leigh, terrified of failure and intent on achieving greatness, dwelt on his comments while ignoring the positive reviews of other critics. In January 1953, Leigh travelled to Ceylon to film Elephant Walkwith Peter Finch. Shortly after filming commenced, she suffered a breakdown; and Paramount Pictures replaced her with Elizabeth Taylor. Olivier returned her to their home in Britain, where, between periods of incoherence, Leigh told him th...

    Leigh photographed in London, 1958 Merivale proved to be a stabilising influence for Leigh, but despite her apparent contentment, she was quoted by Radie Harris as confiding that she "would rather have lived a short life with Larry [Olivier] than face a long one without him". Her first husband, Leigh Holman, also spent considerable time with her. Merivale joined her for a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Latin America that lasted from July 1961 until May 1962, and Leigh enjoyed positive reviews without sharing the spotlight with Olivier. Though she was still beset by bouts of depression, she continued to work in the theatre and, in 1963, won a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role in Tovarich. She also appeared in the films The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (1961) and Ship of Fools(1965). In May 1967, she was rehearsing to appear with Michael Redgrave in Edward Albee's A Delicate Balancewhen she suffered a recurrence of tuberculosis. Following several weeks of rest, s...

    Leigh was considered one of the most beautiful actresses of her day, and her directors emphasised this in most of her films. When asked if she believed her beauty had been an impediment to being taken seriously as an actress, she said, "People think that if you look fairly reasonable, you can't possibly act, and as I only care about acting, I think beauty can be a great handicap, if you really want to look like the part you're playing, which isn't necessarily like you." Director George Cukor commented that Leigh was a "consummate actress, hampered by beauty", and Laurence Olivier said that critics should "give her credit for being an actress and not go on forever letting their judgments be distorted by her great beauty." Garson Kanin shared their viewpoint and described Leigh as "a stunner whose ravishing beauty often tended to obscure her staggering achievements as an actress. Great beauties are infrequently great actresses — simply because they don't need to be. Vivien was differe...

  2. 劉惠雲 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书 › wiki › 劉惠雲

    4 days ago · Vivien: 昵称: 阿V: 艺名: 劉姵穎: 出生: 5月14日: 配演语言: 粵語: 所属: 電視廣播有限公司: 活动; 任职纪录: 1995年(自由身) 2001年7月(TVB) 2004年7月(自由身) 2009年9月(TVB) 代表作: 夕城美朱《不思議遊戲》 杜小月《鐵齒銅牙紀曉嵐》 加藤樹莉 《數碼暴龍3 ...

    • 阿V
    • 劉姵穎
    • Lau Wai Wan
    • Vivien
  3. List of biographical films - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_biographical_films

    4 days ago · Vivien Leigh: Lord Horatio Nelson: Laurence Olivier: They Died with Their Boots On: George Armstrong Custer: Errol Flynn: You Will Remember: Leslie Stuart: Robert Morley: 1942: Apache Trail: Tom O'Folliard: William Lundigan: Die Entlassung: Otto von Bismarck: Emil Jannings: The First of the Few: R. J. Mitchell: Leslie Howard: For Me and My Gal ...

  4. List of Lux Radio Theatre episodes - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_Lux_Radio_Theatre

    6 days ago · Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh: 1950-11-13 Wabash Avenue: Betty Grable, Victor Mature: 1950-11-20 Pretty Baby: Dennis Morgan, Betsy Drake: 1950-11-27 You're My Everything: Anne Baxter, Phil Harris: 1950-12-04 Apartment for Peggy: Jeanne Crain: 1950-12-11 B.F.'s Daughter: Barbara Stanwyck, Stewart Granger: 1950-12-18 Holiday Affair: Robert ...

  5. Warren Beatty - Wikipedia › wiki › Warren_Beatty

    5 days ago · He followed his initial film with Tennessee Williams' The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone (1961), with Vivien Leigh and Lotte Lenya, directed by Jose Quintero; All Fall Down (1962), with Angela Lansbury, Karl Malden and Eva Marie Saint, directed by John Frankenheimer; Lilith (1963), with Jean Seberg and Peter Fonda, directed by Robert Rossen; Promise Her Anything (1964), with Leslie Caron, Bob ...

  6. List of awards and nominations received by Kate Winslet ... › wiki › List_of_awards_and

    5 days ago · The following is a list of awards and nominations received by a British actress Kate Winslet.She is the youngest person to acquire six Academy Award nominations, with seven nominations in total, and the tenth-youngest Best Actress nominee for Titanic (Kate Winslet received her nomination at the age of 22).

  7. Academy Award for Best Actress - Wikipedia › wiki › Academy_Award_for_Best_Actress

    4 days ago · The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry.

  8. List of American films of 1941 - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_American_films_of_1941

    6 days ago · A list of American films released in 1941.. How Green Was My Valley won Best Picture at the Academy Awards

  9. 1985 in film - Wikipedia › wiki › 1985_in_film

    4 days ago · Flesh and Blood, directed by Paul Verhoeven, starring Rutger Hauer and Jennifer Jason Leigh - (United States/Netherlands/Spain) Fletch , starring Chevy Chase Fool for Love , directed by Robert Altman , starring Sam Shepard and Kim Basinger

  10. Liste von geschichtsbezogenen Filmen und Serien – Wikipedia › wiki › Liste_von
    • Zusammenfassung
    • Legende
    • Charakteristik
    • Kultur

    Die Liste der geschichtsbezogenen Filme und Serien beinhaltet Filme und Serien, die in einer früheren Epoche spielen oder ein historisches Ereignis behandeln. Werden mehrere Epochen berührt, erscheint der Eintrag entsprechend in diesen Epochen, sofern die Epoche wesentlich im Film oder in der Serie vorkommt.

    Ein Eintrag informiert über den Filmtitel, das Filmjahr (in der Regel das Erscheinungsjahr), die behandelte Zeit (bei Gesamtbiografien die Lebensdaten der Person), und macht einige Anmerkungen über das Filmgenre, eventuell berühmte Drehbuchautoren oder Schriftsteller einer Romanvorlage, Regisseure und Darsteller.

    Seriöse Filme über die Menschen der Urgeschichte und der Frühgeschichte (aus der bereits erste Schriftzeugnisse vorliegen) sind ausgesprochen selten. Die Lebenswelt ist für heutige Zuschauer fremd und bietet wenig Glamour. Häufiger sind Klamotten wie Caveman (1981) mit Ringo Starr. Vorgeschichtliche Tiere und zum Teil Menschen erscheinen am Rande in Abenteuer- und Fantasyfilmen, in denen heutige Menschen in eine urgeschichtliche Gegend geraten, etwa durch Zeitreisen, Weltraumfahrten oder Expeditionen in entlegene Erdteile. Ein Klassiker solcher Geschichten sind Filme auf der Grundlage von Jules Vernes Roman Die Reise zum Mittelpunkt der Erde. Bibelverfilmungen bemühen sich großteils um historische Glaubwürdigkeit, bleiben aber eng ihrem Genre und der ursprünglichen Erzählung verhaftet.

    Das antike Griechenland steht ebenso wie viele andere Teilgebiete der Alten Geschichte im Schatten des wesentlich bekannteren Römischen Reichs. In Filmen wurden vor allem die Zeitabschnitte von den Perserkriegen bis Alexander dem Großen (ca. 500 bis 300 v. Chr.) dargestellt. Dennoch haben Elemente des antiken Griechenlands in Sagenverfilmungen wie Jason und die Argonauten (1963) und in Fantasyfilme wie Percy Jackson Diebe im Olymp (2010) Eingang gefunden.

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