There are several forms of cavaquinho used in different regions and for different styles of music. Separate varieties are named for Portugal, Braga (braguinha), Minho (minhoto), Lisbon, Madeira, Brazil, and Cape Verde; other forms are the braguinha, ‘ cavacolele ’, cavaco, machete, and ukulele.
The machete developed into the Cavaquinho in Brazil. Hence, today there are two distinct types of cavaquiho: the Portuguese cavaquinho and the Brazilian cavaquinho. Like the uke, the cavaquinho has four strings but these are usually tuned D, G, B, D (creating an open G chord).
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Different forms of cavaquinho have been adapted in different regions. Varieties used outside of Iberia are found in Brazil , Cape-Verde , and Madeira . The locally iconic Caribbean region cuatro family and the Hawaiian ukuleles were both adapted from the cavaquinho.
Jan 01, 2021 · The cavaquinho (cavva-keen-yo) instrument comes in two basic forms: The Portuguese, which is about the size of a soprano ukulele, and the Brazilian, which is around the size of a concert ukulele. Both are heavily featured in the Portuguese speaking world. A direct translation of the word cavaquinho in Portuguese means ‘little wood splinter’.
The ‘cavaquinho’ is a popular small-sized, stringed instrument, of the guitar type, with a flat body cover – therefore of the family of European guitars -, double bulged body and small rib with four gut or metallic strings – of «wire» (ie. made of steel) -, according to
Typically the sound of a cavaquinho varies between an ukulele-like thin, light sound up to the more voluminous, warm and full sound of a guitar. Those different types of sounds that originate from the way the instrument has been built and its materials, are commonly used to represent certain styles and their pieces.
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The atabaque is a hand drum with Afro-Brazilian origin. There are three types of atabaque drums. The tallest one is the Rum, which is the tallest of the three and produces a low sound. The medium high atabaque is called the Rum-Pi and as you might expect, it produces a medium percussion sound. The smallest atabaque drum is called the Le, producing a high percussion sound. These drums are created from wood called Jacaranda, which is found in Brazil. Calfskin is used to stretch over the top of...
The Maracatu refers to both a type of music and style of dance or performance in Brazil. The alfaia drum is used prominently in this style of music as well as the mangue. This drum originated in Pernambuco, Brazil. The appearance of an alfaia might remind you of the drums used by the U.S. military, as they are round and squatty in stature. The shell of an alfaia drum is created from macaiba wood. Goatskin or calfskin is stretched over the head of the drum and held securely in place with round...
The Ganza is a tubular shaped cylinder made from metal, plastic, or basket materials woven by hand. It's filled with cereal, sand, metal balls, or beads to create a unique shaker instrument. The Ganza was brought to Brazil by African slaves years ago and now is often played in samba music.
There are many other musical instruments used to create the unique music styles of Brazil. They include: 1. Bateria- is a set of drums, literally translated as "drum kit", and can also mean the percussion section of a samba school. 2. Repinique- is a two sided drum which sounds very much like the tenor drums that are used in marching bands. 3. Skekere - a large dried gourd that is covered with a net of beads, which is shaken or hit against the hands. This instrument orginated in West Africa and is also known as a xequerê. A smaller version is known as afoxé. 4. Tamborim- is a frame drum without snares or jingles, which is used in many styles of Brazilian music. It is beaten with a wooden drum stick, fingers, or nylon strings which bound together to form a small flexible beater.
These are just a few of the Brazilian musical instruments we've discovered. Do you know of other musical instruments from Brazil that we have not mentioned here? Please share with us!
The cavaquinho has two braces on its back; one at the waist and one at the widest point of the lower bout. The braces are made of quarter-sawn spruce and are about 3/16″ wide and 1/2″ tall when glued. The surface of the braces that is glued to the back is not flat, but instead has a 25 foot radius sanded into it.
- Traditional Music. Samba. There are many musical traditions in Brazil in Brazil. The most famous probably is Samba. Samba is high-energy street music played by dozens of instruments and it is very rhythmically interesting.
- The Instruments of Brazil. Over the last couple of hundred years, Brazilian music has transformed. Various instruments from other countries have been introduced in Brazil, which has affected its existing music styles and sounds.
- Ganza. Brought to Brazil hundreds of years ago, Ganza is a tube-shaped cylindrical instrument made of plastic, metal or basket materials. This instrument originated from Africa and was brought to Brazil by African slaves.
- Alfaia. Maracatu is a popular music and dance style in Brazil. The alfaia drum is widely used in the creation of Maracatu music. Originating in Pernambuco, a city in Brazil, the alfaia drums are round and low-set (chunky) in stature.