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  1. Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basic_Law_for_the_Federal...

    2 days ago · Article 92 establishes that all courts other than the federal courts established under the Basic Law are courts of the Länder. Article 101 bans extraordinary courts, such as the Volksgerichtshof. General provisions for the judiciary and rights of the accused. Article 97 provides for judicial independence.

  2. Pack the Damn Court, Joe - CounterPunch.org

    www.counterpunch.org/2020/10/16/pack-the-damn...

    3 days ago · Courts should be big enough to discharge their functions well; the Supreme Court is not. There are also compelling (small-d) democratic reasons to pack (expand the size of) the Court.

  3. Germany: Extremism & Counter-Extremism | Counter Extremism ...

    www.counterextremism.com/countries/germany
    • Islamism and Islamist Terrorism
    • Far-Right Extremism
    • Selbstverwalter and Reichsbürger
    • Far-Left Extremism
    • Extremism in Germany's Military and Federal Authorities

    Salafism has gradually expanded its influence in Germany, and Salafists remain the primary source for jihadist recruitment in the country. According to the BfV, the pro-violence jihadist Salafist scene was estimated to include 10,800 individuals in 2017, about 54 percent more than in 2014. (Source: Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz) Banned in Germany, The True Religion (Die Wahre Religion or DWR) is a political Islamist Salafi group that advocates for violent jihad. Founded by Ibrahim Abou Nagie, the group is comprised of a network of German Salafist preachers, who initiated the “Lies! Read!” initiative in 2011, in which the Salafists set up booths and handed out Qurans in Muslim-majority areas in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Nagie wrote on his website that he discusses the “one true religion” with those who stop by his booth, according to a 2013 intelligence report, and is believed to command a sizable following. The German government banned DWR in November 2016 after authoriti...

    According to statements made in March 2020, Germany’s domestic intelligence agency, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV), was aware of 32,000 far-right extremists in the country—13,000 of whom the BfV considers violent. In 2018, far-right extremists were responsible for 1,212 attacks in Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia. Authorities suspect links between the German chapter of the international neo-Nazi group Combat 18 and the June 2019 murder of German politician Walter Lübcke. (Sources: Wall Street Journal, The Local, Deutsche Welle) Combat 18 is a neo-Nazi group that seeks to create white-only countries through violence. The group was established in 1992 in the United Kingdom and is now present in at least 18 countries worldwide. The “18” in the name refers to the first and eighth letters of the English alphabet, A and H, for Adolf Hitler. Combat 18initially drew its membership from white supremacists associated with the Chel...

    Members of the Citizens of the Reich (Reichsbürger) and Sovereigns (Selbstverwalter) are ideologically diverse but fundamentally reject the legitimacy and sovereignty of the Federal Republic of Germany as well as its existing legal system. Structurally, Reichsbürger and Selbstverwalter either remain to themselves or form small groups. There are currently about 16,500 people that identify as Reichsbürger and Selbstverwalter. Most of them are male and older than 40. Even though the entirety of the scene is regarded as subversive and extremist, only a small minority (5.5 percent) are also considered far-right or racist. Typical criminal offenses of Reichsbürger and Selbstverwalter are verbal abuse, coercion, blackmail, resistance to law enforcement, document fraud and illegal possession of firearms. (Source: Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz) On March 19, 2020, Germany’s Interior Minister Horst Seehofer announced a ban on a 120-member faction of the Reichsbürger movement known as the Uni...

    Left-wing extremists in Germany seek to overthrow the capitalist system and overcome perceived social injustices. The number of militant left-extremists in the country increased by almost 6 percent in 2017 compared to 2016. Authorities believe that about a third of Germany’s leftist extremists have the potential for violence. Leftist attacks against police and security authorities rose by more than 65 percent. (Source: Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz) The increase in leftist-extremist attacks is primarily attributed to the incidents that occurred during the G20 Summit in Hamburg on July 7 and 8, 2017. What was supposedly planned as a peaceful protest by leftist groups, had soon escalated into violent clashes between leftist-extremists and German police forces. In order to disrupt the course of the summit, protesters threw rocks and Molotov cocktails, caused fires, and looted shops. Police responded with water cannons and teargas. According to government official records, the G20 pro...

    Islamists, as well as right- and left-wing extremists, are believed to be serving in Germany’s federal authorities and armed forces. The Military Counterintelligence Service (Militärischer Abschirmdienst or MAD) has investigated 300 suspected cases of Islamism in Germany’s armed forces, identifying 24 Islamists within its own ranks since 2011. Citing a military counterintelligence report from April 2016, approximately 29 soldiers went to Syria and Iraq to fight with ISIS. Dr. Christof Gramm, head of the MAD, is concerned that Germany’s armed forces can be “misused as a training camp for violence-ready Islamists.” (Sources: Deutsche Welle, Associated Press, Newsweek, Welt, Zeit Online) In November 2016, German authorities arrested a member of the BfV on suspicion of making Islamist statements online, encouraging violence and attacks, and sharing agency material. The individual, a 52-year-old German-Spaniard, had converted to Islam in 2014. He was hired by the BfV to surveil the Islam...

  4. Thinking about the US method of presidential selection ...

    fruitsandvotes.wordpress.com/2020/10/15/thinking...

    4 days ago · Federal parliamentary democracies have representative democracy by default. In some (Canada) a so-called “wrong-winner result” is more likely than in others (Germany). Federal republics with ceremonial presidencies have no need to elect the President directly, but there’s also no great harm if they choose to do so (like Austria, for example).

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  6. The Hispanic Tradition of Liberty – Reason.com

    reason.com/2020/10/14/the-hispanic-tradition-of...

    5 days ago · In 1913, Argentina "was richer than France or Germany, almost twice as prosperous as Spain, and its per capita GDP" almost equaled Canada's, according to Edward L. Glaeser, Rafael Di Tella, and ...

  7. Anders: Keep the Confederate monument on the Loudoun ...

    www.loudountimes.com/opinion/anders-keep-the...

    4 days ago · Unlike federal soldiers, whom the government paid to have reburied in national cemeteries, Confederate dead lay in mass graves, mostly unmarked and left for farm animals to root up their bodies.

  8. Refworld | Sadiq Shek Elmi v. Australia

    www.refworld.org/cases,CAT,3f588eda0.html

    5 days ago · (5) By contrast, the delegation of the Federal Republic of Germany "felt that it should be made clear that the term 'public official' referred not only to persons who, regardless of their legal status, have been assigned public authority by State organs on a permanent basis or in an individual case, but also to persons who, in certain regions ...

  9. The United States of America is a federal republic of fifty states, a federal district, and several territories. It is commonly called the United States, the United States of America (shortened to U.S. and U.S.A.), and also sometimes just America. The country is mostly in North America.

  10. 4 days ago · Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The information has been carefully selected and compiled from UNHCR's global network of field ...

  11. 31 Roads In Lagos And The Famous Nigerians They Were Named ...

    www.nairaland.com/4594590/31-roads-lagos-famous...

    4 days ago · 31 Roads In Lagos And The Famous Nigerians They Were Named After by autojosh: 2:38pm On Jul 02, 2018 One might not be wrong to state that Lagos state is a huge national museum. This is so because the names of streets and roads there are used to showcase our national historical personalities.