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  1. Oct 05, 2021 · The Hungarian Romantic composer Franz Liszt (1811–1886) was especially prolific, composing more than 700 works. A virtuoso pianist himself, much of Liszt's output is dedicated to solo works for the instrument and is particularly technically demanding.

  2. 5 days ago · Beethoven straddled both the Classical and Romantic periods, working in genres associated with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his teacher Joseph Haydn such as the piano concerto, string quartet and symphony, while on the other hand providing the groundwork for other Romantic composers such as Hector Berlioz and Franz Liszt with programmatic works ...

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    • Life
    • Pianist
    • Musical Works
    • Literary Works
    • Legacy
    • Bibliography
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Early life

    Franz Liszt was born to Anna Liszt (née Maria Anna Lager) and Adam Liszt on 22 October 1811, in the village of Doborján (German: Raiding) in Sopron County, in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.[n 2]Liszt's father played the piano, violin, cello, and guitar. He had been in the service of Prince Nikolaus II Esterházy and knew Haydn, Hummel, and Beethoven personally. At age six, Franz began listening attentively to his father's piano playing. Franz also found exposure to music through atte...

    Adolescence in Paris

    After his father's death in 1827, Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years, he was to live with his mother in a small apartment. He gave up touring. To earn money, Liszt gave lessons in piano playing and composition, often from early morning until late at night. His students were scattered across the city and he often had to cover long distances. Because of this, he kept uncertain hours and also took up smoking and drinking—all habits he would continue throughout his life. The following...


    After attending a charity concert on 20 April 1832, for the victims of the Parisian cholera epidemic, organized by Niccolò Paganini, Liszt became determined to become as great a virtuoso on the piano as Paganini was on the violin. Paris in the 1830s had become the nexus for pianistic activities, with dozens of pianists dedicated to perfection at the keyboard. Some, such as Sigismond Thalberg and Alexander Dreyschock, focused on specific aspects of technique, e.g. the "three-hand effect" and o...

    Many musicians consider Liszt to be the greatest pianist who ever lived. The critic Peter G. Davishas opined: "Perhaps [Liszt] was not the most transcendent virtuoso who ever lived, but his audiences thought he was."

    Liszt was a prolific composer. He is best known for his piano music, but he also wrote for orchestra and for other ensembles, virtually always including keyboard. His piano works are often marked by their difficulty. Some of his works are programmatic, based on extra-musical inspirations such as poetry or art. Liszt is credited with the creation of the symphonic poem.

    Besides his musical works, Liszt wrote essays about many subjects. Most important for an understanding of his development is the article series "De la situation des artistes" ("On the situation of artists") which was published in the Parisian Gazette musicale in 1835. In winter 1835–36, during Liszt's stay in Geneva, about half a dozen further essays followed. One of them that was slated to be published under the pseudonym "Emm Prym" was about Liszt's own works. It was sent to Maurice Schlesinger, editor of the Gazette musicale. Schlesinger, however, following the advice of Berlioz, did not publish it.[n 13] At the beginning of 1837, Liszt published a review of some piano works of Sigismond Thalberg. The review provoked a huge scandal.[n 14]Liszt also published a series of writings titled "Baccalaureus letters", ending in 1841. During the Weimar years, Liszt wrote a series of essays about operas, leading from Gluck to Wagner. Liszt also wrote essays about Berlioz and the symphony Ha...

    Although there was a period in which many considered Liszt's works "flashy" or superficial, it is now held that many of Liszt's compositions such as Nuages gris, Les jeux d'eaux à la villa d'Este, etc., which contain parallel fifths, the whole-tone scale, parallel diminished and augmented triads, and unresolved dissonances, anticipated and influenced twentieth-century music like that of Debussy, Ravel and Béla Bartók.

    Cooper, Martin (1946). "The Symphonies". In Abraham, Gerald (ed.). Music of Tchaikovsky. New York: W. W. Norton. OCLC 726172943.
    Bory, Robert (1930). Une retraite romantique en Suisse, Liszt et la Comtesse d'Agoult (in French). Lausanne. OCLC 407007685.
    Burger, Ernst (1986). Franz Liszt, Eine Lebenschronik in Bildern und Dokumenten. Munich. OCLC 924748359.
    Eckhardt, Maria; Mueller, Maria Charnin; Walker, Alan (2001). "Liszt, Franz". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.48265. (subscription required)
    Doran, Robert (ed.): Liszt and Virtuosity. Rochester: University of Rochester Press (Eastman Studies in Music), 2020. OCLC 1133204755
    Ehrhardt, Damien (ed.): Franz Liszt – Musique, médiation, interculturalité (Etudes germaniques63/3, 2008)
    Franz, Robert (aka Olga de Janina): Souvenirs d'une Cosaque, Paris: Librairie internationale, 1874 OCLC 465183989; OCLC 762414797
    Gibbs, Christopher H. and Gooley, Dana. Franz Liszt and his World. (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2006)
    Franz Liszt at the Encyclopædia Britannica
    Franz Liszt at Curlie
    Free scores by Franz Liszt at the International Music Score Library Project(IMSLP)
    Free scores by Franz Liszt in the Choral Public Domain Library(ChoralWiki)
    • 22 October 1811
    • Music Division, Library of Congress
  4. Oct 10, 2021 · Beethoven's status was confirmed by the series of Concerts sprituels given in Vienna by the choirmaster Franz Xaver Gebauer in the 1819/1820 and 1820/1821 seasons, during which all eight of his symphonies to date, plus the oratorio Christus and the Mass in C, were performed. Beethoven was typically underwhelmed: when in an April 1820 ...

    • 17 December 1770
    • Bonn
    • Composer, pianist
    • 26 March 1827 (aged 56), Vienna
  5. Oct 09, 2021 · Beethoven's Fifth inspired Romantic-era composers to frame symphonies as grand narratives. Symphony No. 9, 'Choral' In 1824, Beethoven wrote his final symphony: the Ninth Symphony , known as the ...

  6. Oct 03, 2021 · Anton Fils (1733–1760), German composer who wrote at least 40 symphonies for the Mannheim orchestra. Franz Ignaz Beck (1734–1809), German composer of about 25 symphonies. François-Joseph Gossec (1734–1829), French composer of over 60 symphonies. Karl von Ordoñez (1734–1786), Austrian composer of some 73 symphonies.

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