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  1. Charles I of Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_Hungary

    3 days ago · Charles came to the Kingdom of Hungary upon the invitation of an influential Croatian lord, Paul Šubić, in August 1300. Andrew III died on 14 January 1301, and within four months Charles was crowned king, but with a provisional crown instead of the Holy Crown of Hungary.

  2. Charles I | king of Hungary | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/.../Charles-I-king-of-Hungary

    Jan 01, 2021 · Charles I, byname Charles Robert, or Carobert, Of Anjou, Hungarian Károly Róbert, (born 1288, Naples, Kingdom of Naples [Italy]—died July 16, 1342, Visegrád, Hung.), courtly, pious king of Hungary who restored his kingdom to the status of a great power and enriched and civilized it.

  3. Charles I of Austria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_Austria

    3 days ago · Charles was born on 17 August 1887, in the Castle of Persenbeug, in Lower Austria.His parents were Archduke Otto Franz of Austria and Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony.At the time, his great-uncle Franz Joseph reigned as Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.

  4. Croatia in union with Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatia_in_personal_union...

    6 days ago · With the coronation of King Coloman of Hungary as "King of Croatia and Dalmatia" in 1102 in Biograd, the realm passed to the Árpád dynasty until 1301, when the (male) line of the dynasty died out. Then, kings from the Capetian House of Anjou, who were also cognatic descendants of the Árpád kings, ruled the kingdoms.

  5. Holy Crown of Hungary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_crown

    5 days ago · The Holy Crown of Hungary (Hungarian: Szent Korona), also known as the Crown of Saint Stephen, was the coronation crown used by the Kingdom of Hungary for most of its existence; kings have been crowned with it since the twelfth century.

  6. The Life, Achievements and Atrocities of Oliver Cromwell ...

    www.ancient-origins.net/history-famous-people/...
    • The Early Life of Oliver Cromwell
    • The Reign of Charles I
    • Oliver Cromwell’s Part in The English Civil Wars
    • The Cromwellian Conquest of Ireland
    • Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector

    Oliver Cromwell was born on the 25th of April 1599 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, a district in Cambridgeshire. He was the only son of Robert Cromwell and Elizabeth Steward. Arguably the most famous member of the Cromwell family after the Lord Protector was Thomas Cromwell. Thomas Cromwell served as Henry VIII ’s chief minister and was promoted to the earldom of Essex. When he fell out of favor with the king (due to the marriage he arranged for the king and the German princess, Anne of Cleves), Henry had him executed in 1540. Despite having the same surname, Oliver was not a direct descendant of Henry VIII’s chief minister. The Lord Protector’s great-great grandfather was a man by the name of Morgan Williams, who had married Katherine, Thomas’ sister. The couple’s three sons took the surname Cromwell in honor of their maternal uncle. The eldest of the three was Richard, Oliver’s great-grandfather. One of Richard’s sons was Henry, who also took the surname Cromwell. Henry was a memb...

    Since 1625, England, Scotland, and Ireland were ruled by Charles I, the second British king from the House of Stuart . Charles was not a very effective ruler and his reign was marked by various disputes and controversies. For instance, Charles had refined tastes and was a great patron of the arts. In addition to sponsoring Flemish painters like Anthony van Dyke and Peter Paul Rubens, Charles also amassed a great collection of paintings by Raphael and Titian. The post of Master of the King’s Music, which is still in existence today, was also established by Charles. The holder of this post was responsible for the supervision of the king’s band of musicians. 1. The Rock of Dunamase: Vikings, Anglo-Norman Nobles, and Oliver Cromwell Paint the Castle’s History 2. 9 Reasons for the Tragic Highlander Deaths in the Battle of Culloden 3. Killing with Curses: Obscure 17th Century Muggletonian Sect King Charles I in his robes of state. (DrKay / Public Domain ) Unfortunately, all these expendit...

    All these grievances eventually led to the outbreak of the First English Civil War in 1642. The issue that directly sparked the war was the disagreement between Charles and Parliament with regards to the handling of the IrishRebellion, which broke out the previous year. The king and Parliament were not able to set their differences aside and argued over who was to take control of the army that would be sent to fight the rebels. In August 1642, Charles raised his standard at Nottinghamand mobilized for the war on his own. This marked the beginning of the English Civil War, which was fought between those loyal to the king (known as the Cavaliers) and those who sided with Parliament (known as the Roundheads). By the time the First English Civil War broke out, Cromwell was already involved in politics. In 1628, for instance, he was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Huntingdon. Nevertheless, it seems that he did not make a huge impact on national politics, and his tenure as an...

    Therefore, Parliament launched a military campaign against Ireland, which was led by Cromwell and hence known as the Cromwellian Conquest of Ireland. The conflict lasted from 1649 to 1653 and Cromwell led the invasion force at the beginning of the war, from the 15th of August 1649 till the 26th of May 1650. Despite being in Ireland for less than a year, Cromwell is said to have been merciless in his dealings with the local population, whom he detested as being primitive, savage, and superstitious. Cromwell remains a despised figure in the Irish psyche and his ruthless conduct during the war is still remembered in the country till this day. One of the most infamous battles fought at the early stages of the war was the Siege of Drogheda, which lasted from the 3rd to the 11th of September 1649. Drogheda is located about 28 miles (45 kilometers) north of Dublin and was one of the fortified towns that the Irish had retreated into following their defeat at the Battle of Rathmines in early...

    The story of Cromwell does not end in Ireland. Apart from the Irish, the Parliamentarians were also at war with the Scots, who had proclaimed Charles II as their king in 1649. The Scots were defeated at Worcester on the 3rd of September 1651, the last major battle of the English Civil Wars. The king fled to France and Parliament was now in control of England, Scotland, and Ireland. In 1653, the Rump Parliament was dissolved and replaced with Barebone’s Parliament, which lasted for several months. In December 1653, Barebone’s Parliament was dissolved and Cromwell was appointed as Lord Protector, which he remained until his death in 1658. During this period, Cromwell was offered the crown by Parliament, which he refused. A contemporaneous satirical view of Oliver Cromwell as a usurper of monarchical power. (Kim Traynor / Public Domain ) Nevertheless, the Lord Protector may be described as being a king in all but name, though not an absolute monarch. This was due to the Instrument of G...

  7. Dec 25, 2020 · Miskolc became a centre of iron industry. In 1945 Miskolc and Diósgyőr became one city. In 1949 a university was founded in Miskolc. Lots of people moved to Miskolc because they could find new jobs in the city. In the 1980s more than 200.000 people lived here. It was the second largest city in Hungary (the first was the capital Budapest).

  8. Charles II of Naples - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_II_of_Naples

    2 days ago · Claiming that Hungary was the fief of the Holy See, Pope Nicholas IV granted Hungary to her son, Charles Martel, in 1292. The most powerful noblemen in Croatia and Slavonia —two realms ruled by the kings of Hungary—accepted the pope's decision. [69]

  9. Suleyman the Magnificent | Biography, Facts, Empire ...

    www.britannica.com/.../Suleyman-the-Magnificent

    Jan 07, 2021 · Süleyman the Magnificent, byname Süleyman I or the Lawgiver, Turkish Süleyman Muhteşem or Kanuni, (born November 1494–April 1495—died September 5/6, 1566, near Szigetvár, Hungary), sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 who not only undertook bold military campaigns that enlarged his realm but also oversaw the development of ...

    • How did Süleyman the Magnificent come to power?
      Süleyman succeeded his father, Selim I, as sultan of the Ottoman Empire in September 1520.
    • What were Süleyman the Magnificent’s achievements?
      Süleyman codified a centralized legal system (kanun) for the Ottoman state, expanded both the territory and the revenue of the empire, and built up...
    • How did Süleyman the Magnificent die?
      Süleyman died of natural causes during a campaign to besiege the fortress of Szigetvár in Hungary.
  10. Maximilian I | Holy Roman emperor | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Maximilian-I-Holy...

    Jan 08, 2021 · Maximilian I, archduke of Austria, German king, and Holy Roman emperor (1493–1519) who made his family, the Habsburgs, dominant in 16th-century Europe. He added vast lands to the traditional Austrian holdings, securing the Netherlands by his own marriage, Hungary and Bohemia by treaty and military

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