5 days ago · Epigraphic Old Arabic. Epigraphic Old Arabic is the name given to those pre-Islamic texts in the Arabic language that — unlike the pre-Islamic Arabic poetry and the Ayyām al-ʿArab — have survived independently, rather than being transmitted through the scholars of the Islamic period. The term 'epigraphic' is used because most of the texts ...
1 day ago · The history of writing traces the development of writing systems  and how their use transformed and was transformed by different societies. The use of writing prefigures various social and psychological consequences associated with literacy and literary culture. With each historical invention of writing, true writing systems were preceded by ...
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3 days ago · Hera. Queen of the Gods. Goddess of marriage, women, marital harmony, and the protector of women during childbirth. Member of the Twelve Olympians. The Campana Hera, a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original, from the Louvre. Major cult center. Argos, Mycenae, Samos. Abode. Mount Olympus.
4 days ago · The value and significance of the targums--translations of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, the language of Palestinian Jews for centuries following the Babylonian Exile--lie in their approach to translation: within a typically literal rendering of a text, they incorporate extensive exegetical material, additions, and paraphrases.
- David Richards
2 days ago · The "red" (or western) type is the one that was later transmitted to the West and became the ancestor of the Latin alphabet, and bears some crucial features characteristic of that later development. The "blue" (or eastern) type is the one from which the later standard Greek alphabet emerged.
5 days ago · Ptolemy I (c. 367–283 B.C.E.) established his capital at Alexandria and immediately began to build up the city. Ptolemy’s grandest project, begun in 306 B.C.E., was the Library of Alexandria, a research center that held one million books by the time of Jesus. Scala/Art Resource, NY.