Which states have parishes?
- Louisiana is the only state in America whose political subdivisions are parishes and not counties. The state is divided into 64 parishes. Parishes are one of the several elements of the political and legal structure from that time that Louisiana has kept (the civil law legal system is another example).
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Sep 10, 2021 · Here's Louisiana (reminder: Louisiana calls them Parishes, not Counties): 2020 Presidential Election results via LA Secretary of State's office (thru Wikipedia) Vaccination data via Centers for Disease Control database; Note: The CDC lists ~64,000 Louisiana residents (4.6% of the total fully vaccinated) whose county of residence is unknown.
- Notable Louisiana French-Speaking People
Starting in the second half of the 17th century, several trading posts were established in Lower Louisiana (French: Basse-Louisiane) eventually giving way to greater French colonial aspirations with the turn of the century. French immigration was at its peak during the 17th and 18th centuries which firmly established the Creole culture and language there. One important distinction to make is that the term "créole" at the time was consistently used to signify native, or "locally-born" in contr...
French immigration continued in the 19th century until the start of the American Civil War, bringing large numbers of francophones speaking something more similar to today's Metropolitan French to Louisiana. Over time, through contact between different ethnic groups, the various dialects converged to produce what we know as Louisiana French.The 1845 Louisiana constitution permitted any legislator to address the body in either English or French, and the 1845 and 1852 constitutions required all...
Decline in the early 20th century
In 1921, the new Louisiana constitution reversed the previous language rights and banned the teaching of French in all public schools. Parents viewed the practice of teaching their children English as the intrusion of a foreign culture, and many refused to send their children to school. When the government required them to do so, they selected private French Catholic schools in which class was conducted in French. Derogatory terms and phrases were used by English speakers to...
Reliable counts of speakers of Louisiana French are difficult to obtain as distinct from other varieties of French. However, the vast majority of native residents of Louisiana and east and southeast Texas who speak French are likely speakers of Louisiana French. In Louisiana, as of 2010[update], the population of French speakers was approximately 115,183.These populations were concentrated most heavily in the southern, coastal parishes. In Texas, as of 2010[update], the French-speaking population was 55,773, though many of these were likely immigrants from France and other locations, living in the urban areas. Nevertheless, in the rural eastern/southeastern Texas counties of Orange, Jefferson, Chambers, Newton, Jasper, Tyler, Liberty, and Hardin alone—areas where it can be reasonably presumed that almost all French speakers are Louisiana French speakers—the total French-speaking population was composed of 3,400 individuals. It is likely a substantial portion of the 14,493 speakers i...
Despite ample time for Louisiana French to diverge, the basic grammatical core of the language remains similar or the same as Standard French. Even so, it can be expected that the language would begin to diverge due to the various influences of neighboring languages, changing francophone demographics, and unstable opportunities for education. Furthermore, Louisiana French lacks any official regulating body unlike that of Standard French or Quebec Frenchto take part in standardizing the language.
From a lexical perspective, Louisiana French differs little from other varieties of French spoken in the world. However, due to the unique history and development of the language, Louisiana French has many words that are unique to it or to select French varieties.
Taxonomies for classing Louisiana French have changed over time. Until the 1960s and 1970s, Louisianans themselves, when speaking in French, referred to their language as français or créole. In English, they referred to their language as "Creole French" and "French" simultaneously. In 1968, Lafayette native James Domengeaux, a former US Representative, created the Council for the Development of French in Louisiana (CODOFIL), whose mission was to oversee the promotion, visibility, and expansion of French language usage in Louisiana. His mission was clear: (re)create a European French bastion in Louisiana by making all Louisianans bilingual in International French and English. To accomplish his goals, he teamed up with political leaders in Canada and France, including former French President Georges Pompidou. He found Louisiana French too limiting, so he imported francophone teachers from Europe, Canada and the Caribbean to teach normative French in Louisiana schools. His penchant for...
Louisiana French consonants do not show severe differences from Metropolitan French consonants, except that unlike most of French spoken varieties, which use uvular varieties of r [ʀ, ʁ]; Louisiana French uses the Classic alveolar trill or flap [r, ɾ], just like in Spanish, Italian, and several other Romance languages; e.g. français [frɑ̃sɛ]'French'. Like in several colloquial varieties of French, some consonant clusters are reduced, especially the ones having the liquids /r/ and /l/. E.g. ar...
The /a - ɑ/ distinction is seldom existing in Louisiana French. However, a is usually pronounced [ɑ ~ ɒ ~ ɔ] when making up the diphthong [wa], before /r/ and when being the last open syllable; e.g. fois [fwɑ ~ fwɒ ~ fwɔ] 'time' (frequence), mardi [mɑrd͡zi] 'Tuesday', rat [rɑ ~ rɒ ~ rɔ]'rat'. The maître - mettre /ɛː, ɛ/distinction does not exist. Like other French varieties, /ə/ can be omitted in fast speech, e.g. je peux /ʒə pø/ → [ʒ‿pø] → [ʃ‿pø]'I can'. Like in Quebec French, [i, y, u] may...
Folk healers (French: traiteur/traiteuse), are still found throughout the state. During their rituals for healing, they use secret French prayers to God or saints for a speedy recovery. These healers are mostly Catholic and do not expect compensation or even thanks, as it is said that then, the cure will not work.
Louisiana French has been the traditional language for singing music now referred to as Cajun, zydeco, and Louisiana French rock. As of today, Old French music, Creole stomp, and Louisiana French rock remain the only three genres of music in Louisiana using French instead of English. Most "Cajun" artists have expressions and phrases in French in songs, predominantly sung in English.
French language events
1. Festival International de Louisiane 2. Festivals Acadiens Et Créoles 3. Association louisianaise des clubs français des écoles secondaires 4. Francophone Open Microphone, Houma, Louisiana 5. Louisiana Creole Families/Bastille Day Celebration, Ville Platte, Louisiana 6. Bastille Day Fête, New Orleans Art Museum, New Orleans Louisiana 7. Louisiana State University Night of French Cinema, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 8. Rendez-vous des Cajuns, Liberty Theater, Eunice, Louisiana
1. KRVS88.7:, Radio Acadie 2. KBON101.1 FM: Louisiana Proud 3. KLEB1600 AM: The Rajun' Cajun 4. KKRC1290 AM: Cajun Radio 5. KVPI1050 AM: The Legend 6. KVPI92.5 FM: Acadiana's Greatest Hits
Periodicals, newspapers, & publications
1. Les éditions Tintamarre 2. La Louisiane 3. Le Bourdon de la Louisiane 4. La revue de la Louisiane(defunct)
1. TV5 Monde 2. Louisiana Public Broadcasting (LPB) 3. KLFY TV10
French-language Public School Curriculum
As of autumn 2011, Louisiana has French-language total immersion or bilingual French and English immersion in ten parishes: Calcasieu, Acadia, St. Landry, St. Martin, Iberia, Lafayette, Assumption, East Baton Rouge, Jefferson and Orleans. The curriculum in both the total French-language immersion as well as in the bilingualprogram follows the same standards as all other schools in the parish and state. The Council for the Development of French in Louisiana (CODOFIL) recruits teachers locally...
CODOFIL Consortium of Louisiana Universities and Colleges
The Consortium of Louisiana Universities and Colleges unites representatives of French programs in Louisiana universities and colleges, and organizes post-secondary level francophone scholastic exchanges and provide support for university students studying French language and linguistics in Louisiana: 1. Centenary College of Louisiana 2. Delgado Community College 3. Dillard University 4. Grambling State University 5. Louisiana College 6. Louisiana State University 7. Louisiana Tech University...
Sep 06, 2021 · More than 530,000 customers still don’t have power in Louisiana, just under half of the peak when Ida struck eight days ago. In five parishes west and south of New Orleans, at least 98% of homes ...
Sep 03, 2021 · Several deaths have been reported in Louisiana and Mississippi. ... and some of the counties known as the river parishes, located along the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge ...
Sep 06, 2021 · *Subscription does not auto-renew. ... Environmental activists had long ago dubbed St. John the Baptist and neighboring parishes "Cancer Alley." ... But the couple have no plans to leave Louisiana ...