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      • William IX (Occitan: Guilhèm de Peitieus; Guilhem de Poitou French: Guillaume de Poitiers) (22 October 1071 – 10 February 1127), called the Troubadour, was the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou (as William VII) between 1086 and his death. He was also one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_IX,_Duke_of_Aquitaine
  1. William IX, called the Troubadour, was the Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou between 1086 and his death. He was also one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101. Though his political and military achievements have a certain historical importance, he is best known as the earliest troubadour—a vernacular lyric poet in the Occitan language—whose work survives.

    • Notable Events
    • Death
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    William invited Pope Urban II to spend Christmas at his court, where the Pope encouraged him to take part in the First Crusade. William refused to, preferring to take advantage of the situation at home while others were warring in the Middle East. He captured Toulouse from his wife’s cousin, Bertrand, who was ruling illegitimately. Eventually, he led a Crusade in 11011. In 1113, Bertrand died allowing William IX to take Toulouse back. Philippa moved back to Toulouse to be able to properly take care of her land. When she returned to Poitiers she was horrified to discover William IX had installed his mistress in the matrimonial home. In total, William was excommunicated twice. The first time was because he didn’t pay his church taxes in time and he demanded absolution from the bishop by threatening to kill him. The second time was because he took Amauberge, wife of the Viscount of Châtellerault, as his mistress1. Philippa left him after this and they divorced in 11151. William’s great...

    He died in Aquitaine, France, on 10 February 1126 after suffering an unknown illness1. It is not known where they buried him.

    He is my 23 x great-grandfather. The following family tree shows his position in the House of Aquitaine.

    Two thousand years one hundred generations again; Robert Page; p67; ISBN 9781446193990
  2. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine is the 88th most popular nobleman (up from 89th in 2019), the 551st most popular biography from France (down from 528th in 2019) and the 17th most popular French Nobleman. He is most famous for being the father of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was the wife of Louis VII of France and Henry II of England.

    • Early Career, 1088–1102
    • Conflict with Church and Wife, 1102–1118
    • Later Career, 1118–1126

    William inherited the duchy at the age of fifteen upon the death of his father. It has been generally believed that he was first married in 1088, at age sixteen, to Ermengarde, daughter of Fulk IV of Anjou. Biographers have described Ermengarde as beautiful and well-educated, though suffering from severe mood swings. She was even fancifully diagnosed by one biographer as displaying "symptoms of what was possibly manic depression or schizophrenia". However, Ruth Harvey's 1993 critical investigation shows the assumption of William's marriage to Ermengarde to be based largely on an error in a nineteenth-century secondary source and it is highly likely that Philippa of Toulouse was William's only wife. Further research has found the claim that William was married to "Hermingerda", daughter of Fulk IV of Anjou is based on the very unreliable chronicle of William of Tyre, written between 1169 and 1187, more than 70 years after the events in question would have taken place. Tyre erroneousl...

    William, like his father and many magnates of the time, had a rocky relationship with the Church. He was excommunicated twice, the first time in 1114 for an alleged infringement of the Church's tax privileges. His response to this was to demand absolution from Peter, Bishop of Poitiers. As the bishop was at the point of pronouncing the anathema, the duke threatened him with a sword, swearing to kill him if he did not pronounce absolution. Bishop Peter, surprised, pretended to comply, but when the duke, satisfied, released him, the bishop completed reading the anathema, before calmly presenting his neck and inviting the duke to strike. According to contemporaries, William hesitated a moment before sheathing his sword and replying, "I don't love you enough to send you to paradise." William was excommunicated a second time for "abducting" the Viscountess Dangerose (Dangerosa), the wife of his vassal Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellerault. The lady, however, appears to hav...

    Relations between the Duke and his elder son William also became strained—although it is unlikely that he ever embarked upon a seven-year revolt in order to avenge his mother's mistreatment, as Ralph of Dicetoclaimed, only to be captured by his father. Other records flatly contradict such a thing. Ralph claimed that the revolt began in 1113; but at that time, the young William was only thirteen and his father's liaison with Dangerose had not yet begun. Father and son improved their relationship after the marriage of the younger William to Aenor of Châtellerault, Dangerose's daughter by her husband, in 1121. William was readmitted to the Church around 1120, after making concessions to it. However, he was after 1118 faced with the return of his first wife, Ermengarde, who had, upon the death of Philippa, stormed down from Fontevrault to the Poitevin court, demanding to be reinstated as the Duchess of Aquitaine—presumably in an attempt to avenge the mistreated Philippa. In October 1119...

  3. William IX, medieval troubadour, count of Poitiers and duke of Aquitaine and of Gascony (1086–1127), son of William VIII and grandfather of the famous Eleanor of Aquitaine. William IX spent most of his life in warfare, including leading an unsuccessful Crusade to the Holy Land (1101–02) and

  4. Jan 22, 2019 · William IX of Aquitaine (October 22, 1071 – February 10, 1126, also Guillaume or Guilhem d'Aquitaine), nicknamed the Troubador was Duke of Aquitaine and Gascony and Count of Poitou as William VII of Poitou between 1086 and 1126.

    • Agnes of Aquitaine, Queen of Aragon, William X, Duke of Aquitaine
    • October 22, 1071
    • Hildegarde of Burgundy
    • Bordeaux, Aquitania, France
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