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  1. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill [a] (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, soldier, and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955.

    • Early Life
    • Battles and Books
    • Churchill: “Crossing The Chamber”
    • Churchill and Gallipoli
    • Churchill Between The Wars
    • Churchill: The “British Bulldog”
    • The Iron Curtain

    Winston Churchill came from a long line of English aristocrat-politicians. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was descended from the First Duke of Marlborough and was himself a well-known figure in Tory politics in the 1870s and 1880s. His mother, born Jennie Jerome, was an American heiress whose father was a stock speculator and part-owner of Th...

    After he left Sandhurst, Churchill traveled all around the British Empire as a soldier and as a journalist. In 1896, he went to India; his first book, published in 1898, was an account of his experiences in India’s Northwest Frontier Province. In 1899, the London Morning Post sent him to cover the Boer War in South Africa, but he was captured by en...

    That same year, Winston Churchill joined the House of Commons as a Conservative. Four years later, he “crossed the chamber” and became a Liberal. His work on behalf of progressive social reforms such as an eight-hour workday, a government-mandated minimum wage, a state-run labor exchange for unemployed workers and a system of public health insuranc...

    In 1911, Churchill turned his attention away from domestic politics when he became the First Lord of the Admiralty (akin to the Secretary of the Navy in the U.S.). Noting that Germany was growing more and more bellicose, Churchill began to prepare Great Britain for war: He established the Royal Naval Air Service, modernized the British fleet and he...

    During the 1920s and 1930s, Churchill bounced from government job to government job, and in 1924 he rejoined the Conservatives. Especially after the Nazis came to power in 1933, Churchill spent a great deal of time warning his countrymen about the perils of German nationalism, but Britons were weary of war and reluctant to get involved in internati...

    “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat,” Churchill told the House of Commons in his first speech as prime minister. “We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give...

    The now-former prime minister spent the next several years warning Britons and Americans about the dangers of Soviet expansionism. In a speech in Fulton, Missouri, in 1946, for example, Churchill declared that an anti-democratic “Iron Curtain,” “a growing challenge and peril to Christian civilization,” had descended across Europe. Churchill’s speec...

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  2. Sep 02, 2016 · September 2, 2016 Here are some of the most interesting facts about the life of the former British Prime Minister Family Life Winston Churchill married Clementine Ogilvy Hozier in 1908, but before they were married he proposed to three different women when he was in his twenties–each of whom refused his proposal.

  3. Winston Churchill (1940–2010) Winston Spencer-Churchill (10 October 1940 – 2 March 2010), generally known as Winston Churchill, [nb 1] was an English Conservative politician and a grandson of former British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.

    • Constituency established
    • Winston Spencer-Churchill, 10 October 1940, Chequers, Buckinghamshire, England
    • Constituency abolished
    • 2 March 2010 (aged 69), Belgravia, London, England
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