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  1. Xenophon - Wikipedia › wiki › Xenophon

    Life Early years. Xenophon was born around 430 BC, in the deme Erchia of Athens.Xenophon's father, Gryllus was a member of a wealthy equestrian family. Detailed accounts of events in Hellenica suggest that Xenophon personally witnessed the Return of Alcibiades in 407 BC, the Trial of the Generals in 406 BC, and the overthrow of the Thirty Tyrants in 403 BC.

  2. Xenophon | Greek historian | Britannica › biography › Xenophon

    Xenophon, Greek historian and philosopher whose numerous surviving works are valuable for their depiction of late Classical Greece. His Anabasis (“Upcountry March”) in particular was highly regarded in antiquity and had a strong influence on Latin literature. Xenophon’s life history before 401 is

    • Life and Times
    • Xenophon’s Socrates
    • Political Philosophy
    • Moral Philosophy
    • Practical Treatises
    • References and Further Reading

    Xenophon was born during the early years of the Peloponnesian War, in the outlying deme of Athens called Erchia. Located in the fertile plain known as “Mesogeia” (literally “middle earth”) and overlooked by the beautiful mountains Hymettus and Penteli, Erchia was about 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the bustling center of Athens–about a three hour walk or one hour brisk horseback ride. His father Gryllus owned and supervised an estate whose income derived chiefly from farming. Thus, Xenophon w...

    Xenophon’s portrait of Socrates in four loosely topic-organized books is known as Memorabilia. Any reader who comes across of this work after even a minimal exposure to the better-known Socrates of Plato’s dialogues is in for a shock. One rare reader who encountered Xenophon’s Socrates first was John Stuart Mill, who refers to it in the context of a description of Mill’s own father:My father's moral convictions, wholly dissevered from religion, were very much of the character of those of the...

    Xenophon’s political philosophy is a matter of interpretation and some controversy. Did his relationship with Sparta incline him away from Athenian democratic values? Was his evident admiration for Persian kings indicative of an allegiance to absolute monarchy? The main works examined in an effort to reconstruct this aspect of his thought are The Education of Cyrus (also known as Cyropaedia;) a partial biography of a Persian king building an empire, the Anabasis (account of the ill-fated Gree...

    As seen above in the discussion of Xenophon’s Socrates and of the ideal leader, certain themes recur in Xenophon’s moral reflections. Some of the most frequently recurring ideas are: 1. The importance of self-control: Sophrosyne, self-control, moderation, restraint of appetite, and balance, comprises one of the cardinal virtues of Greek popular morality, and it is highlighted by Xenophon in many ways. Socrates is often said to have exemplified it in the highest degree. Cyrus displays it when...

    Xenophon’s collected works include several shorter dialogues and essays in which he (like his Socrates) provides useful and practically applicable advice on topics like choosing and training a war-horse (On Horsemanship), being a cavalry commander (The Cavalry Commander), hunting (On Hunting), taxation (Ways and Means), and home economics (Oeconomicus). These treatises are not flatly how-to manuals but also are infused with a distinctive world-view and a definite value-scheme.So for example,...

    1. Anderson, J.K., 2001, Xenophon, Bristol, U.K.: Bristol Classical. 2. Brickhouse, T., 2002, The trial and execution of Socrates: sources and controversies, New York : Oxford University Press. 3. Bruell, C., “Xenophon”, in History of Political Philosophy, ed. L. Strauss and J. Cropsey, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987, 89-117. 4. Buzzetti, E., 2001, “The Rhetoric of Xenophon and the Treatment of Justice in the Memorabilia”, in Interpretation 29.1: 3-35. 5. Cooper, J., 1999, \\"Notes...

  3. Xenophon's History recounts nearly fifty turbulent years of warfare in Greece between 411 and 362 BC. Continuing the story of the Peloponnesian War at the point where Thucydides finished his magisterial history, this is a fascinating chronicle of the conflicts that ultimately led to the decline of Greece, and the wars with both Thebes and the ...

  4. Xenophon (Author of The Persian Expedition) › author › show

    Xenophon (Ancient Greek Ξενοφῶν, Modern Greek Ξενοφώντας; ca. 431 – 355 BC), son of Gryllus, of the deme Erchia of Athens, was a soldier, mercenary and a contemporary and admirer of Socrates.

    • (979)
    • Memorabilia, On Horsemanship, Hiero, The Shorter Socratic Writings, Apology
  5. xenophon: the father of classical equitation Xenophon (430-ca. 335 BCE), a Greek, wrote the first fully preserved manual on the riding horse, “The Art of Horsemanship.” Xenophon was a horseman for his entire life, first as a cavalryman and then as a country gentleman on an estate given to him by the King of Sparta.

  6. Anabasis (Xenophon) - Wikipedia › wiki › Anabasis_(Xenophon)

    Anabasis (/ ə ˈ n æ b ə s ɪ s /; Greek: Ἀνάβασις; an "expedition up from") is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. It narrates the expedition of a large army of Greek mercenaries hired by Cyrus the Younger to help him seize the throne of Persia from his brother, Artaxerxes II, in 401 BC.

    • Xenophon
    • Greece
  7. Anabasis, by Xenophon › files › 1170

    By Xenophon Translation by H. G. Dakyns Dedicated To Rev. B. Jowett, M.A. Master of Balliol College Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates.

  8. CV.html - University of Washington › scstroup › CV

    Department of Classics University of Washington Denny Hall 218 Box 353110 Seattle WA 98195-3110 Tel. (206) 534-2276 / fax (206) 543-2267

  9. The Memorabilia, by Xenophon › files › 1177

    Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates. He marched with the Spartans, and was exiled from Athens. Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move once more, to settle in Corinth.

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