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      • Published on 15 April 1755 and written by Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, sometimes published as Johnson's Dictionary, is among the most influential dictionaries in the history of the English language.
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  2. A Dictionary of the English Language - Wikipedia › wiki › A_Dictionary_of_the

    A Dictionary of the English Language From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Published on 15 April 1755 and written by Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, sometimes published as Johnson's Dictionary, is among the most influential dictionaries in the history of the English language.

    • Background

      In earlier times, books had been regarded with something...

    • The text

      A Dictionary of the English Language was somewhat large and...

    • Reception history

      From the beginning there was universal appreciation not only...

  3. A Dictionary of the English Language - Wikipedia › wiki › A_Dictionary_of_the

    A Dictionary of the English Language. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Voce principale: Samuel Johnson. A Dictionary of the English Language ( Un dizionario della lingua inglese ), pubblicato anche semplicemente come Johnson's Dictionary ( Dizionario di Johnson ), è tra i più autorevoli e influenti dizionari nella storia della lingua inglese, compilato da Samuel Johnson e pubblicato il 15 aprile 1755.

  4. Oxford English Dictionary - Wikipedia › wiki › Oxford_English_Dictionary

    The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP). It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world.

    • United Kingdom
    • 1884–1928 (first edition), 1989 (second edition), Third edition in preparation
  5. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language ... › wiki › The_American_Heritage
    • Overview
    • History
    • Linguistics
    • Usage panel
    • Illustrations
    • First edition

    The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969. Its creation was spurred by the controversy over the perceived permissiveness of the Webster's Third New International Dictionary. The third edition had more than 350,000 entries and meanings. First edition

    James Parton, grandson of the English-born American biographer James Parton, and founder, publisher and co-owner of the magazines American Heritage and Horizon, was appalled by the permissiveness of Webster's Third, published in 1961. Parton tried to buy the G. and C. Merriam Company so that he could undo the changes. When that failed, he contracted with Houghton to publish a new dictionary. The AHD was edited by William Morris and relied on a usage panel of 105 writers, speakers, and eminent pe

    The AHD broke ground among dictionaries by using corpus linguistics for compiling word frequencies and other information. It took the innovative step of combining prescriptive information and descriptive information. The descriptive information was derived from actual texts.

    For expert consultation on words or constructions whose usage was controversial or problematic, the American Heritage Dictionary relied on the advice of a usage panel. In its final form, the panel comprised nearly 200 prominent members of professions whose work demanded sensitivity to language. Former members of the usage panel include novelists, poets, playwrights, journalists, literary critics, columnists and commentators, linguists and cognitive scientists and humorists. Pinker, author of the

    The AHD is also somewhat innovative in its liberal use of photographic illustrations, which at the time was highly unusual for general reference dictionaries, many of which went largely or completely unillustrated. It also has an unusually large number of biographical entries for notable persons.

    The first edition appeared in 1969, highly praised for its Indo-European etymologies. In addition to the normally expected etymologies, which for instance trace the word ambiguous to a Proto-Indo-European root ag-, meaning "to drive," the appendices included a seven-page article by Professor Calvert Watkins entitled "Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans" and "Indo-European Roots", 46 pages of entries that are each organized around one of some thousand Proto-Indo-European roots and the English wo

  6. Dictionary - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Dictionary

    A dictionary is a type of book which explains the meanings of words or, more precisely, lexemes. The words are arranged in alphabetical order so that they can be found quickly. The word "dictionary" comes from the Latin "dictio". There are several types of dictionaries: dictionaries which explain words and how they are used, dictionaries which translate words from one language to another, dictionaries of biography which tell about famous people, technical dictionaries which explain the meanings

  7. Dictionary - Wikipedia › wiki › Dictionary
    • Overview
    • History
    • Types
    • Pronunciation
    • Examples
    • Online dictionaries

    A dictionary is a listing of lexemes from the lexicon of one or more specific languages, often arranged alphabetically, which may include information on definitions, usage, etymologies, pronunciations, translation, etc.. It is a lexicographical reference that shows inter-relationships among the data. A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries. Specialized dictionaries include words in specialist fields, rather than a complete range of words in the language. Lexical

    The oldest known dictionaries were cuneiform tablets with bilingual Sumerian–Akkadian wordlists, discovered in Ebla and dated to roughly 2300 BCE, the time of the Akkadian Empire. The early 2nd millennium BCE Urra=hubullu glossary is the canonical Babylonian version of such bilingual Sumerian wordlists. A Chinese dictionary, the c. 3rd century BCE Erya, is the earliest surviving monolingual dictionary; although some sources cite the c. 800 BCE Shizhoupian as a "dictionary", modern ...

    In a general dictionary, each word may have multiple meanings. Some dictionaries include each separate meaning in the order of most common usage while others list definitions in historical order, with the oldest usage first. In many languages, words can appear in many different forms, but only the undeclined or unconjugated form appears as the headword in most dictionaries. Dictionaries are most commonly found in the form of a book, but some newer dictionaries, like StarDict and the New Oxford A

    In many languages, such as the English language, the pronunciation of some words is not consistently apparent from their spelling. In these languages, dictionaries usually provide the pronunciation. For example, the definition for the word dictionary might be followed by the International Phonetic Alphabet spelling /ˈdɪkʃənəri/ or /ˈdɪkʃənɛri/. American English dictionaries often use their own pronunciation respelling systems with diacritics, for example dictionary is respelled as ...

    Histories and descriptions of the dictionaries of other languages on Wikipedia include: 1. Arabic dictionaries 2. Chinese dictionaries 3. Dehkhoda Dictionary 4. Dutch dictionaries 5. French dictionaries 6. German dictionaries 7. Japanese dictionaries 8. Scottish Gaelic dictionari

    The age of the Internet brought online dictionaries to the desktop and, more recently, to the smart phone. David Skinner in 2013 noted that "Among the top ten lookups on Merriam-Webster Online at this moment are holistic, pragmatic, caveat, esoteric and bourgeois. Teaching users about words they don’t already know has been, historically, an aim of lexicography, and modern dictionaries do this well." There exist a number of websites which operate as online dictionaries, usually with a ...

  8. A Dictionary of the English Language (Johnson) - Wikisource ... › wiki › A_Dictionary_of_the

    Jan 16, 2021 · A Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. II. (London, 1755) external link. full title: A Dictionary of the English Language: In Which the Words Are Deduced from Their Originals, and Illustrated in Their Different Significations by Examples from the Best Writers. To Which Are Prefixed, a History of the Language, and an English Grammar. Vol. II. A Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. I. (abridged, London, 1756)

  9. A Dictionary of the English Language/A - Wikisource, the free ... › wiki › A_Dictionary_of_the

    Apr 11, 2021 · See the modern Wiktionary entry at A. 483162 A Dictionary of the English Language — A Samuel Johnson. A, The first letter of the European alphabets, has, in the English language, three different sounds, which may be termed the broad, open, and slender.

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