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  1. Sep 14, 2020 · Lebanon, Cook Islands, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon top the list as countries with the biggest population decline. US territories can have trouble maintaining their populations as many face high poverty rates, and intense natural disasters but do not receive enough government funding.

  2. Feb 01, 2017 · According to U.N. projections, Ukraine’s population will fall 22% by 2050. Eastern and Southern Europe are home to several important downsizing countries including Poland (off 14% by 2050), the...

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    Which countries have a declining population?

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    Which states have negative population growths?

    • Frederick Reese
    • Venezuela. - Population growth rate in 2018: -1.79% (261.1% below world rate) - Average 10-year population growth (2008-2017): 0.76% (36.2% below world rate)
    • Lithuania. - Population growth rate in 2018: -1.38% (224.8% below world rate) - Average 10-year population growth (2008-2017): -1.33% (212.2% below world rate)
    • Nauru. - Population growth rate in 2018: -1.34% (221.3% below world rate) - Average 10-year population growth (2008-2017): 2.69% (126.4% above world rate)
    • Syria. - Population growth rate in 2018: -0.95% (185.9% below world rate) - Average 10-year population growth (2008-2017): -1.52% (228.4% below world rate)
  4. The state of Alaska is one of 11 that have seen a decline in its growth in its 2019 population, though its overall growth since the 2010 census indicates an increase of approximately 3.06% from 713,906 people. The drop is measured to be 0.23%, bringing the population down from 737, 438 in 2018. Arizona

    • Causes
    • Possible Consequences
    • Contemporary Decline by Country
    • Halted Declines
    • Declines Within Regions Or Ethnic Groups of A Country
    • National Efforts to Confront Declining Populations
    • Long-Term Future Trends
    • Further Reading

    A reduction over time in a region's population can be caused by sudden adverse events such as outbursts of infectious disease, famine, and war or by long-term trends, for example sub-replacement fertility, persistently low birth rates, high mortality rates, and continued emigration.

    Predictions of the neteconomic (and other) effects from a slow and continuous population decline (e.g. due to low fertility rates) are mainly theoretical since such a phenomenon is a relatively new and unprecedented one. The results of many of these studies show that the estimated impact of population growth on economic growth is generally small an...

    The table below shows the countries that have been affected by population decline between 2010 and 2020. The term "population" used here is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally cons...


    In Germany a continuously low birth rate has been offset by waves of immigration. From 2002 to 2011 the population declined by 2 million, the most since the Cold War. The 2011 national census recorded a population of 80.2 million people, following which official estimates showed an increase of 3 million over the next decade. The official estimate for 2020 was a slight decrease from 2019.Third-party estimates show a slight increase, instead.


    In the current area of the Republic of Ireland, the population has fluctuated dramatically. The population of Ireland was 8 million in 1841, but it dropped due to the Irish famineand later emigration. The population of the Republic of Ireland hit a bottom at 2.8 million in the 1961 census, but it then rose and in 2011 it was 4.58 million. As of 2020 it is estimated to be just under 5 million according to the country's Central Statistics Office.

    United States

    In spite of a growing population at a national level, some formerly large American municipalities have dramatically shrunk after the Second World War, and in particular during the 1950s–1970s, due to suburbanization, urban decay, race riots, high crime rates, deindustrialization and emigration from the Rust Belt to the Sun Belt. For instance, Detroit's population peaked at almost 2 million in 1953, then declined to less than 700,000 by 2020. Other cities whose populations have dramatically sh...


    The term 'Empty diagonal' is used for French departments that have low or declining populations. Due to continued emigration, many departments in France are seeing declines in population, including: Aisne, Allier, Ardennes, Cantal, Charente, Cher, Corrèze, Creuse, Dordogne, Eure, Eure-et-Loir, Haute-Marne, Haute-Saône, Haute-Vienne, Hautes-Alpes, Indre, Jura, Loir-et-Cher, Lot-et-Garonne, Manche, Marne, Mayenne, Meuse, Nièvre, Orne, Sarthe, Somme, Territoire de Belfort, Vosges and Yonne. For...

    South Africa

    The term 'white flight' has also been used for large-scale post-colonial emigration of whites from Africa, or parts of that continent, driven by levels of violent crime and anti-colonial state policies. In recent decades, there has been a steady and proportional decline in South Africa's white community, due to higher birth rates among other South African ethnic groups, as well as a high rate of emigration. In 1977, there were 4.3 million White South Africans, constituting 16.4% of the popula...

    A country with a declining population will struggle to fund public services such as health care, old age benefits, defense, education, water and sewage infrastructure, etc.In order to maintain some level of economic growth and continue to improve its citizens’ quality of life, national efforts to confront declining populations will tend to focus on...

    A long-term population decline is typically caused by sub-replacement fertility, coupled with a net immigration rate that fails to compensate for the excess of deaths over births. A long-term decline is accompanied by population aging and creates an increase in the ratio of retirees to workers and children.When a sub-replacement fertility rate rema...

    "Human population numbers as a function of food supply" (PDF). Russell Hopfenberg (1 Duke University, Durham, NC, USA;)* and David Pimentel (2 Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA). Environment, dev...

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