Absolute monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch holds supreme autocratic authority, principally not being restricted by written laws, legislature, or unwritten customs. These are often hereditary monarchies. In contrast, in constitutional monarchies, the head of state's authority derives from or is legally bound or restricted by a constitution, legislature or unwritten customs. Salman bin Abdulaziz and Haitham bin Tariq are the absolute monarchs of Saudi Arabia and Oman, respectivel
- Haitham Bin Tariq
Biography. Haitham bin Tarik attended Pembroke College,...
- Historical examples of absolute monarchies
In Ancient Egypt, the Pharaoh wielded absolute power over...
- Contemporary trends
Many nations formerly with absolute monarchies, such as...
- Haitham Bin Tariq
An Absolute monarchy is a form of monarchy where one person, usually called a monarch holds absolute power. It is in contrast to constitutional monarchy, which is restrained or controlled by other groups of people. Controllers may be an entity such as clergy, lawmakers, social elites or a written constitution.
In an absolute monarchy, the monarch rules as an autocrat, with absolute power over the state and government—for example, the right to rule by decree, promulgate laws, and impose punishments. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is subject to a constitution.
Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy is a 2011 book by the English popular historian John Julius Norwich published in the United States by Random House. It was published slightly earlier in the UK by Chatto & Windus under the title Popes: A History. It was introduced after Norwich had progressively built his reputation with more than twenty previous published titles and received significant notice in the press.
- John Julius Norwich
- 12 July 2011
People also ask
Why absolute monarchy is bad?
What is the best thing about absolute monarchy?
What was bad about absolute monarchy?
What are some characteristics of an absolute monarchy?
- Historical Examples of Absolute Monarchies
- Contemporary Trends
- Saudi Arabia
- Further Reading
In Ancient Egypt, the Pharaoh wielded absolute power over the country and was considered a living god by his people. In ancient Mesopotamia, many rulers of Assyria, Babylonia and Sumer were absolute monarchs as well. In ancient and medieval India, rulers of the Maurya, Satavahana, Gupta, Chola and Chalukya Empires, as well as other major and minor empires, were considered absolute monarchs. In the Khmer Empire, the kings were called Devaraja 'god-king' and Chakravart...
Throughout much of European history, the divine right of kings was the theological justification for absolute monarchy. Many European monarchs claimed supreme autocratic power by divine right, and that their subjects had no rights to limit their power. James VI and I and his son Charles I tried to import this principle into Scotland and England. Charles I's attempt to enforce episcopal polity on the Church of Scotland led to rebellion by the Covenanters and...
Many nations formerly with absolute monarchies, such as Jordan, Kuwait and Morocco, have moved towards constitutional monarchy, although in these cases the monarch still retains tremendous power, to the point that the parliament's influence on political life is negligible. In Bhutan, the government moved from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy following planned parliamentary elections to the Tshogdu in 2003, and the election of a National Assembly in 2008. Nepal had several swings between constitutional rule and direct rule related to the Nepalese Civil War, the Maoist insurgency, and the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre, with the Nepalese monarchybeing abolished on 28 May 2008. In Tonga, the King had majority control of the Legislative Assemblyuntil 2010. Liechtenstein has moved towards expanding the power of the monarch: the Prince of Liechtenstein was given expanded powers after a referen...
Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, and according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by Royal Decree in 1992, the King must comply with Shari'a (Islamic law) and the Qur'an. The Qur'an and the body of the Sunnah (traditions of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad) are declared to be the Kingdom's Constitution, but no written modern constitution has ever been promulgated for Saudi Arabia, which remains the only Arab nation where no national elections have ever taken place since its founding. No political parties or national elections are permitted and according to The Economist's 2010 Democracy Index, the Saudi government is the eighth most authoritarian regime from among the 167 countries rated.
Anthropology, sociology, and ethology as well as various other disciplines such as political science attempt to explain the rise of absolute monarchy ranging from extrapolation generally, to certain Marxist explanations in terms of the class struggleas the underlying dynamic of human historical development generally and absolute monarchy in particular. In the 17th century, French legal theorist Jean Domat defended the concept of absolute monarchy in works such as "On Social Order and Absolute Monarchy", citing absolute monarchy as preserving natural order as God intended. Other intellectual figures who have supported absolute monarchy include Thomas Hobbes and Charles Maurras.Beloff, Max. The Age of Absolutism From 1660 to 1815(1961)——. Lord and Peasant in Russia from the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1951.
- Russia Was The Last Monarchy in Europe?
- Hutt River Province Principality
- James I & Charles I
- Add Hoppe to Theories and History?
- Redirect from Royal Autocracy
- Vatican City Not Legitimately A "Monarchy" in The Context of This Article
- Constitutional monarchies?
- Theories and History Section
The article says Russia was the last country in Europe to abolish absolutism. The Nikolas II of Russia abdicted in 1917. The Emperor (Kaiser) of Germany Wilhelm the II abdicted in 1918. Was he much less absolutist than Nikolas the II? If yes, could they elaborate it? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 188.8.131.52 (talk) 18:11, 3 November 2013 (UTC)
Does anyone else think the examples section is NPOV? It reads like a freshman or high school paper, overall, and a biased one at that. "X was a successful absolute monarch" is not how an encyclopedic article should look. Nach0king01:24, 20 November 2005 (UTC) I was going to express the same sentiment as Nach0king, but it seems as if I will just echo theirs. There are no links anywhere (wiki or otherwise) within that section and reads, as Nach0king already mentioned, like an essay. It also contradicts a part of the article that talks about the English kings being ultimately unsuccessful at running an absolutist monarchy. hellenica13:10, 25 January 2006 (UTC) 1. I agree that some of the interpretation is a bit one-sided, and it would probably be a good idea to take out the assessments of the competence of various absolute monarchs. For instance, while Louis XIV may have been successful at ring power in his lifetime, some historians contend that the financial extravagance and political...
Shouldn't Hutt River Province Principality be added to the list of absolute monarchies? effeietsanders23:00, 5 June 2006 (UTC) No. It is not a recognized sovereign state.--L. Pistachio04:34, 28 June 2006 (UTC)
Did an edit to phrasing in this bit; while James I and Charles I may have attempted to import the idea of the Divine Right of Kings (James in particular) a large part of the current thinking in History is that neither were directly trying to establish absolute rule by doing so, although admittedly the threat of absolutism did cause suspicion and fear amongst the Commons and some nobility. While many interpretations disagree on what Charles I was up to I'd say it's open to debate. Jezze23:36, 1 September 2006 (UTC)
I was thinking about adding Hans-Hermann Hoppe's argument in "Democracy: the God that Failed" to the Theories and History section. The reasons not to seem to be that no monarch has used Hoppe's theory to justify his rule and that Hoppe was not ultimately arguing for monarchy. But it is an original and important contribution. I think I'll write something up unless someone objects.Atripodi12:56, 6 November 2006 (UTC)
Ive created the page Royal autocracy, and redirected it here. Im not sure how common the term is, but at least it got 2,100 google hits, so I thought it might be a good idea to create a page for it. However, are the terms Royal autocracy and Absolute monarchy the same thing? As a novice, I would say that they match, but there might be slite differences between the meanings of the words that could justify an own page for Royal autocracy. Comments? --Screensaver09:17, 12 January 2007 (UTC)
This is a very small point, but although the pope is the head of his "state", the Vatican should not be included as a monarchy for the purposes of this article. Statehood in this case is merely an internationally recognized protection against influences by or forced allegiance to a geo-political entity. To compare the Vatican - with no significant land, no obliged subjects, no secure income and absolutely no enforcement of law - to a country like Saudi Arabia is a bit misleading. Susie-q-luvs-u22:24, 24 January 2007 (UTC) 1. If I understand correctly, one distinguishes between the Holy See and the Vatican City State. The former is not meaningfully a monarchy, but the very point of having a Vatican City State is to be a territorial state through which the Holy See conducts some of its relations with the world's temporal powers. As such it comes equipped with most of the traditional accessories of statehood, such as the power to enter international treaties and so forth, and it certai...
1) Someone had put SEXISGOOD after the napolean link...fixed it Invader0500:48, 26 January 2007 (UTC)
I kinda disagree with the statement that Jordan and Morocco moved to a constitutional monarchy. In both cases, the king still has absolute power. The "constitutional" part being a mere cloak to silence the West. You can call a cat a dove all you want, it won't make it fly. Seriously, that bit gotta be removed, or at the very least, made more explicit as to not let the reader under the impression that the parliaments in those countries have anything more than a figurative role. I'm respectfully running this by the community first in the hope to find a consensus. Lixy16:43, 5 July 2007 (UTC) Can you cite your sources? We do need verification of that. (And how do you sign these comments?) —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 06:08, 4 February 2008 (UTC) Jordan is an absolute monarchy and never moved. Article 30 of The Constitution of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan states "The King is the Head of the State and is immune from any liability and responsibility."--80.6...
Isn't history full of pre-Medieval examples of absolute monarchy? What about Pharoahs, Roman emperors, Mayan kings, etc. Were these monarchies not absolute? -- Minaker —Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 11:56, 6 September 2007 (UTC) I think this section is substantially wrong on two accounts. Firstly, I don't think the claim that the king was "first among equals" in the nobility is right. There was a definite hierarchy in medieval society. Some nobles outranked others, and the king was certainly above everyone else. Secondly, the assertion that the declining power of cavalry in battle meant that noblemen were less powerful is absurd. Most armies thereafter were still led by the aristocracy, regardless of troop composition (this was the case even during the First World War). 18.104.22.16817:36, 15 July 2007 (UTC)Revolver66
- Kinds of Monarchical Powers
- Related Pages
Monarchy is one of the oldest kinds of government. Most historians agree that the first monarchies were tribes or small groups of people who decided to let a war-chief or other leader pass on their office to their children. This created a dynasty. Over time, the rules for deciding who got to become the next monarch became more complicated. Primogenitureis usual. The oldest son or, in some countries, daughter, becomes the next monarch when the old one dies. Kings and other kinds of monarchs have ruled for many thousands of years; for example, many kings are mentioned in the Bible and in ancient historical records. Three of the oldest countries with monarchs that still hold office are the United Kingdom, which has had the same British Royal Family for nearly 1,000 years, Denmark where the royal line has remained unbroken for almost 1,200 years, and Japan, which has records showing a line of Emperors dating back even farther. Many monarchs today perform mostly the ceremonial jobs of a...
In an absolute monarchy the monarch is the only source of all laws. The monarch has total power to make any law just by deciding it. Any other institution in the country cannot make laws that affect the monarch, unless the monarch decides to allow it. Sometimes the monarch is also the head of the state religion and makes religious laws also. All land and property in the country can be taken or given away by the monarch at any time for any reason. The army and navy is under the personal contro...
A constitutional monarchy is a form of government that is usually a democracy and has a constitution, with the monarch as head of state. Either the monarch has to obey the laws like everyone else, or there are special laws that say what the monarch can and cannot do. The monarch usually can not decide their special laws on their own. There may be laws about whom the monarch's children can marry, for example, that are passed by the Parliament. For example, in the Netherlands, if a member of th...
Today, there are three basic forms how to choose a new monarch, after the death of the old one; or because the old monarch left power: 1. There is an order of succession. Usually, someone from the same family will be the new monarch 2. A number of people elect the new monarch 3. The old monarch has appointed someone who will become the next monarch Of these three, the order of succession is the most common case. Countries, where the monarchs are elected include Malaysia, Samoa, Cambodia, United Arab Emirates, Andorra, and Vatican City.↑ "monarchy | Definition, Examples, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-07-03.↑ Kirsty.Oram (2016-02-29). "The role of the Monarchy". The Royal Family. Retrieved 2021-07-03.
- Establishing Absolute Monarchy in France
- See Also
The 16th century was strongly influenced by religious conflicts developing out of the establishment of Lutheranism and permanent wars. However, France's critical position turned out to be of a central meaning for the formation and theoretical justification of absolute monarchy. Its disputes between monarchy and community as well as the fatal loss of the House of Valois'authority during the second half of the 16th century prompted nation-state theoretical reflections that led to a strengthening of the monarchic central power, so helped to overcome the monarchy's crisis and to consolidate the internal and external political situation.
By the early 9th century, the efficient administration of Charlemagne's Empire was ensured by high-level civil servants, carrying the, then non-hereditary, titles of counts (in charge of a County), marquis (in charge of a March), dukes (military commanders), etc. During the course of the 9th and 10th centuries, continually threatened by Viking invasions, France became a very decentralised state: the nobility's titles and lands became hereditary, and the authority of the king became more religious than secular and thus was less effective and constantly challenged by powerful noblemen. Thus was established feudalismin France. Over time, some of the king's vassals would grow so powerful that they often posed a threat to the king. Since then, French kings had continuously tried to strengthen existing royal powers scattered among their nobles. Philip the Fair, Charles the Wise and Louis the Cunning were instrumental in the transformation of France from a feudal state to a modern country....
The final outcome of these acts did centralize the authority of France behind the king. The replacement of government ministers, removal of castles, and other financial policies of Colbert did reduce French national debt considerably. In the 18th century, however, the relocation of nobles and the sheer obsolescence of Versailles became an important place for a rising merchant class and an instigative press. Perhaps the most pressing consequence of absolutism in France is the emigration of the Huguenots. Of the merchant class, their emigration effectively led to a brain drain and a loss of tax revenue for France. Moreover, barred from New France, they immigrated to other nations, most notably the 13 colonies, taking their skills of printing, glass making, carpentry, ceramics, a deep belief in the needs for freedom of religion (at least for Protestantism), and the right to bear arms. The other consequence of the was a large reduction of the dominating influence of the Kingdom France i...
Mar 24, 2021 · absolute monarchy (countable and uncountable, plural absolute monarchies) A state over which a sole monarch has absolute and unlimited power. (uncountable) The rule of such a monarch, as a form of government.