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Acute Skin Problems; ... Morbilliform rash eventually spread to the face and extremities of the same child. ... Pictures and symptoms of the red, scaly rash. Skin Infections.
Picture of Morbilliform Drug Eruption on Face The photo depicts the face of a child affected by morbilliform rash. The skin reaction is due to hypersensitivity to a medication. In this case, the affected skin areas included the face and extremeties.
The rash appears as rounded about 2 to 10 mm in diameter macular lesions. The rash is confluent in places. Morbilliform rash is a symptom of many diseases like Kawasaki disease, meningococcal petechiae, water house Friderichsen syndrome, dengue, rubella, and syphilis and echo virus. Morbilliform rash is a type of maculopapular rash.
- Signs and symptoms
Morbilliform rash, or \\"measles-like\\" maculopapular skin eruption, is commonly caused by certain drug reactions or viral diseases. Maculopapular rashes are skin eruptions that exhibit both the characteristics of a macule and papule. Macules are small, circumscribed and discolored spots on the skin. The diameter of a macule is not more than .4 inches (10 mm). Papules, on the other hand, are eruptions on the skin, which can look something like a pimple. Morbilliform rashes, therefore, are raised, discolored spots that spread symmetrically across the body.
These rashes may occur due to bacterial infections, drug reactions, and specific or non-specific viral exanthems, also known as viral rashes. A viral exanthem is non-specific if there is no exact information on the virus that has caused the rash. In such a case, the clinician identifies the presence of the virus that is likely to have caused the rash. Morbilliform rash is a \\"late drug rash.\\" It appears on the skin of the affected individual after one to two weeks of exposure to drugs, such as antibiotics or barbiturates. Drug-caused rashes of this kind are usually associated with penicillin, cephalosporins, sulphonamides, and anticonvulsants. Morbilliform rashes often occur in children affected by viral diseases such as measles, Rubella, Roseola, and Erythema infectiosum. In adults, these rashes are usually non-specific viral rashes. This type of rash is also frequently seen in patients who administer ampicillin for the treatment of mononucleosis caused by Epstein-Barr virus or cytomegalovirus. People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tend to develop an acute morbilliform rash when treated with sulfa drugs.
This rash can also appear as a consequence of certain viral diseases. If antibiotics have been started for the patient during the early stages of the viral disease, then the appearance of a morbilliform rash may lead to confusion in diagnosis. Once a drug-induced morbilliform rash is diagnosed, the doctor may ask the patient to discontinue the use of a particular drug.
Usually, oral antihistamines or topical corticosteroids are prescribed for treating these types of rashes. Oral corticosteroids are avoided, as there are chances of the rash to worsen during the steroid therapy, which may lead to the wrong diagnosis. A drug-induced morbilliform rash will usually subside within almost two weeks after the discontinuation of the particular drug. When this type of rash heals, the affected skin sheds or peels, which is also known as skin desquamation.
Dec 24, 2018 · But if the patient is febrile and has some other signs and symptoms, maculopapular rash might be a sign of a serious disease so do not ignore it . Pictures of Maculopapular Rash. Picture 1: Maculopapular Rash on the back of a 14 month old girl and probably an exacerbation of Ebstein Barr Virus infection. Photo Source: pediatricsconsultant360.com
Treatment is then based around relieving symptoms with moisturisers, topical corticosteroids, oral antihistamines, and analgesics until the rash resolves. Systemic therapy is rarely indicated. What is the outcome for acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis? The rash of AGEP peels off and resolves spontaneously in about 10 days.
Mar 15, 2010 · Patients with acute generalized maculopapular rashes and no systemic symptoms are often treated symptomatically without a definitive diagnosis. If the rash does not resolve spontaneously, skin ...
The patient with an acute maculopapular rash presents a diagnostic challenge to the clinician. The term 'maculopapular is non-specific, as many eruptions have a primary morphology of macules or papules, and the term may be misused to indicate any rash.
Nov 27, 2018 · One of the symptoms is a rash, which appears in three stages: A blotchy red rash on the cheeks with groups of red papules. After 4 days, a net of red marks may appear on the arms and trunk.
Jan 11, 2021 · With rashes in adults with viral infections, the virus cannot usually be identified and the rash is called a non-specific viral morbilliform rash. Bacterial causes are another possibility. Exposure to bacteria causes the immune system to respond. One of the symptoms that is possible with bacterial infections is a morbilliform rash.