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  1. Jun 20, 2012 · The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was defined in 1994 by the American-European Consensus Conference (AECC); since then, issues regarding the reliability and validity of this definition have emerged. Using a consensus process, a panel of experts convened in 2011 (an initiative of the Eur …

  2. Acute liver failure is the appearance of severe complications rapidly after the first signs (such as jaundice) of liver disease, and indicates that the liver has sustained severe damage (loss of function of 80–90% of liver cells).

  3. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is widely used in the acute care setting for acute respiratory failure (ARF) across a variety of aetiologies. This document provides European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society recommendations for the clinical application of NIV based on the most current literature. The guideline committee was composed of clinicians, methodologists and ...

  4. Acute-on-chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure: an acute deterioration in an individual with significant pre-existing hypercapnic respiratory failure, high Pa co 2, low pH, high bicarbonate. Knowledge of arterial blood gases is essential before making a decision as to whether NIV is indicated.

  5. The British Thoracic Society (BTS) published the guideline, ‘The use of non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure’, in 2002.1 This was in response to trials demonstrating that NIV was an alternative to IMV in life-threatening respiratory acidosis due to AECOPD.

  6. An acute exacerbation of a chronic condition. It is applied to a variety of conditions, including liver failure, subdural hematoma, renal failure respiratory failure, and bronchitis. acute on chronic inflammation: A term sometimes used in pathology to describe a pattern of inflammation which is a mixture of chronic and acute inflammation.

  7. Jan 07, 2020 · An acute upper respiratory infection (URI) is a contagious infection of the upper respiratory tract. This area of the body includes the nose, throat, pharynx, larynx, and bronchi. The most well ...

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