Category:1349. Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1349. Articles and events specifically related to the year AD 1349 .
1347 ( MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1347th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 347th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 14th century, and the 8th year of the 1340s decade. As of the start of 1347, the Gregorian calendar was 8 days ahead of the Julian ...
1. January – Gonville Hall, the forerunner of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, England, is founded. 2. January 25 – The 6.9-magnitude 1348 Friuli earthquake centered in Northern Italy was felt across Europe. Contemporary minds linked the quake with the Black Death, fueling fears that the Biblical Apocalypse had arrived. 3. February 2 – Battle of Strėva: the Teutonic Order secure a victory over the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. 4. April 7 – Charles University in Prague, founded the previous...
1. The Black Death pandemic spreads to central and western Europe and to Cairo. 2. Stefan the Mighty, Emperor of Serbia, conquers Thessaly and Epirus. 3. The Pskov Republic gains independence from the Novgorod Republic with the treaty of Bolotovo. 4. Hundred Years' War (1337–1360): The effects of the Black Death cause a de facto truce to be observed between England and France until 1355. 5. Estimation: Hangzhou in Mongolian China becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Cai...April 11 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)date unknownFebruary 2 – Narimantas, Christian Lithuanian prince of Pinsk (Battle of Strėva)June 9 – Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Sienese painter (Black Death) (b. 1290)June 13 – Don Juan Manuel, prince of Villena, Spanish writer (b. 1282)July 1 – Joan of England, princess (Black Death) (b. 1333/34)
In the same year , God's punishment struck the people in the eastern lands, in the town Ornach , and in Khastorokan, and in Sarai, and in Bezdezh, and in other towns in those lands; the mortality was great among the Bessermens, and among the Tartars, and among the Armenians and the Abkhazians, and among the Jews, and among the European foreigners, and among the Circassians, and among all ...
ⓘ 1349. The Black Death is spread to Bergen by a ship from England. It also breaks out in Mecca and is prevalent in the Ile-de-France and the Kingdom of Navarre.
Jan 31, 2021 · William Bardolf, 4th Baron Bardolf From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia William Bardolf, 4th Baron Bardolf, of Wormegay, Norfolk and 3rd Baron Damory (21 October 1349 – 29 January 1386) was an extensive landowner in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, Suffolk and Surrey.
Huns 1250-1349 AD Huns 1350-1499 AD Huns 1500-1922 AD : ... Order about outlawing a free trade of Chinese with Goktürks: 608: ... Wikipedia: Huns Dateline 650-699 AD ...
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- The Colosseum in Medieval Times
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The building of the Colosseum began under the rule of the Emperor Vespasian in around 70–72 AD. The area was flat, in a valley between the Caelian, Esquiline and Palatine Hills. There was a stream flowing through the valley, but this had been made into a canal. People had been living in this area for over 200 years, but the houses were destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD. The Emperor Nero took much of the land for his own use. He built a grand palace, the Domus Aurea which had a lake, gardens, paths covered with a roof held up by columns (porticoes), and large shelters (pavilions) to sit in. He had the Aqua Claudia aqueduct made longer to supply water to the area. There was also a big bronze statue of Nero, the Colossus of Nero, at the front of the Domus Aurea. In 68 AD, Nero lost control of the government. The Senate made him a public outlaw, and he killed himself soon after.
To celebrate the end of Nero's rule, the Emperor Vespasian built the Colosseum on the site of Nero's lake. This was seen as giving back the land to the people of Rome. The Romans often built monuments to celebrate important events, and the Colosseum is a part of that tradition. Most of the Domus Aurea was torn down. The lake was filled in and the land used for the Colosseum. Schools for gladiators and other buildings were put up in the old gardens of the Domus Aurea. The Colossus was left in place, but Nero's head was replaced. Vespasian renamed it after the sun-god, Helios (Colossus Solis). Many historians say that the name of the Colosseum comes from the statue, the Colossus. Usually in Roman cities, the amphitheatres were built on the edge of the city. The Colosseum was built in the city centre; in effect, placing it in the real and symbolicheart of Rome.
The Colosseum had been completed up to the third story by the time of Vespasian's death in 79. The top level was finished and the building opened by his son, Titus, in 80. Cassius Dio said that over 9,000 wild animals were killed during the opening games. The building was changed by Vespasian's younger son, Emperor Domitian. He added the hypogeum, underground tunnels used to hold the animals and slavesused in the games. He also added a fourth level at the top of the Colosseum to add more seats.
In 217, the Colosseum was badly damaged by fire. Cassius Dio said the fire was started by lightning. The fire destroyed the wooden upper levels inside the amphitheatre. It was not fully repaired until about 240 and underwent further repairs in 250 or 252 and again in 320. Theodosius II and Valentinian III(ruled 425–450), repaired damage caused by an earthquake in 443; more work followed in 484 and 508. The last record of gladiator fights is about 435, while animal hunts continued until at least 523.
The Colosseum went through big changes of use during the medieval period. At the end of the 500's, a small church had been built into a part of the building. The arena was used as a cemetery. The areas under the seating was used for houses and workshops. There are records of the space being rented as late as the 1100s. About 1200, the Frangipani familytook over the Colosseum and made it into a castle. During the great earthquake in 1349, the outer south side fell down. Most of the fallen stones were used to build palaces, churches, hospitals and other buildings in Rome. In the middle of the 1300s, a religious group moved into the north part, and were still there in the 1800s. The inside of the Colosseum was used to supply building stones. The marble facade was burned to make quicklime. The bronzeclamps which held the stonework together were ripped off the walls leaving marks that can still be seen today.
During the 16th and 17th century, Church officials looked for a use for the big and ruined building. Pope Sixtus V (1521–1590) wanted to turn the building into a wool factory to provide jobs for Rome's prostitutes, but he died and the idea given up. In 1671 Cardinal Altieri said it could be used for bullfights. Many people were upset by this idea, it was quickly dropped. In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV said that the Colosseum was a sacred place where early Christians had been martyred. He stopped people from taking any more building stones away. He set up the Stations of the Crossinside the building. He said the place was made sacred with the blood of the Christian martyrs who had died there. However, there is no historical evidence that any Christians had been killed in the Colosseum. Later popes started projects to save the building from falling down. They took out the many plants which had overgrown the building and were causing more damage. The facade was made stronger with triangula...
The Colosseum is a free standing building, quite different to the earlier Greek theatres which were built into the sides of hills. It is really two Roman theatres joined together. It is oval shaped, 189 meters (615 ft / 640 Roman feet) long, and 156 meters (510 ft / 528 Roman feet) wide. It covers an area of 6 acres (24,281 m2). The outer wall is 48 meters (157 ft / 165 Roman feet) high. The distance around the building was 545 meters (1,788 ft / 1,835 Roman feet). The arena is an oval 287 ft...
Plague Riot in Moscow (1771)The Third Pandemic (started in China; 1855–1950s)
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