1. January – Henry IV of Englandstops the Epiphany Rising and kills the Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury and the Baron le Despencer, because they tried to have Richard II made as king. 2. February – Henry Percy (Hotspur) leads English army into Scotland. 3. February 14 – Richard II of England dies in Pontefract Castle but we don't know what killed him. King Henry IV might have ordered people to starve him to death. 4. March 23 – Five-year-old Trần Thiếu Đế is forced to stop being the r...
1. Timur wins against the Ottoman Empire and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt. Timur captures the city of Damascuswhat is today Syria. Timur's army kills many of the city's people. 2. Timur conquers the Empire of the Black Sheep Turkomans, in present-day Azerbaijan, and the Jalayirid Dynasty in present-day Iraq. Black Sheep ruler Qara Yusuf and Jalayirid Sultan Ahmad run away and go to live with the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I. 3. In modern-day Korea, King Jeongjong of Joseon stops being king becau...January 13 – Infante John of Portugal, the Constable (d. 1442)May 19 – John Stourton, 1st Baron Stourton, English baron (d. 1462)July 26 – Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Worcester, English noble (d. 1439)December 25 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (d. 1487)
Richard II of England Geoffrey Chaucer 1. January 7 1.1. Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (executed) (b. 1374) 1.2. John Montagu, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English earl (executed) (b. 1350) 2. January 13 – Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (executed) (b. 1373) 3. January 16 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed) 4. February 14 – King Richard II of England, (probably murdered) (b. 1367) 5. April 21 – John Wittlebury, English politician (b. 1333) 6. April 23 – Aubrey de Vere, 10th Earl of Oxford, third son of John de Vere (b. 1338) 7. April 28 – Baldus de Ubaldis, Italian jurist (b. 1327) 8. June 5 – Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, rival King of the Romans 9. June 17 – Jan of Jenštejn, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1348) 10. October 25 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet (b. c. 1343) 11. November 8 – Peter of Aragon, Aragonese infante (b. 1398) 12. November 20 – Elizabeth of Moravia, Margravine of Meissen (b....
- 849, ԹՎ ՊԽԹ
- 1400, MCD
Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of the period of European history known as the Renaissance, which emerged as a distinct style in Italy in about AD 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music, science and technology.
1016 King Cnut, crowned king of England1034 Death of King Malcolm II of Scotland, Duncan Iaccedes to the Scottish throne1035 Death of Cnut1040 Death of Duncan I, Macbethaccedes to the Scottish throne1135 Death of Henry I, accession of King Stephento English throne1137 Beginning of a civil war between King Stephen and the Empress Matilda over the succession to the English throne; accession of Owain Gwynedd, the first Welsh ruler to style himself prince of Wales1154 Death of King Stephen, accession of Henry IIto English throne1164 Constitutions of Clarendon, a set of laws which governs the trial of members of the Church in England1209 King Johnexcommunicated by Pope Innocent III1215 The Magna Carta is agreed by King John at Runnymede1216 Death of King John, Henry IIIsucceeds to the throne of England1237 Border between Scotland and England by the Treaty of York1305 Capture and execution of Scottish resistance fighter William Wallaceby the English on a charge of treason1307 Death of Edward I, Edward IIaccedes to the English throne1314 Decisive victory for Scotland over England at the Battle of Bannockburn1316 Revolt of Llywelyn Brenin south Wales1413 – Henry IV dies and is succeeded by his son, Henry V1415 – Henry V is welcomed back to England after a major victory at the Battle of Agincourt, France1422 – Henry V dies and is succeeded by his son, Henry VI1471 – Henry VI is murdered and Edward IVis restored to the English throne
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The transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age.Beginning of the Ottoman Empire, early expansion into the Balkans.Early 14th century: Attributed to Kao Ninga Monk Sewing is made. Kamakura period. It is now kept at the Cleveland Museum of Art.An account of Buddha's life, translated earlier into Greek by Saint John of Damascus and widely circulated to Christians as the story of Barlaam and Josaphat, became so popular that the two were ve...
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- Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions
1. Giotto di Bondone, Italian painter (c. 1267–1337) 2. John Kukuzelis, Byzantine composer, singer and reformer of Orthodox Church music (c. 1280–1360) 3. Simone Martini, Italian painter (1284 – c. 1344) 4. Stephen of Perm, Russian icon painter (1340–1396) 5. Philippe de Vitry, French composer, music theorist and poet (1291–1361)
1. Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect and engineer 2. Henry Yevele, prominent English architect responsible for the building of many important structures in London (1320-1400)
1. Ibn Battuta, Berber Muslim traveler (1304–1368/1377)Music of the Ars novaThe technique of knittingFoundation of the University of Cracow
ca. 1400 AD: "If the entire Dharma can be said in a few words, then it is — that which is unfavorable to us, do not do that to others." Padmapuraana 19/357–358 ( Hinduism ) ca. 1850 AD: "And if thine eyes be turned towards justice, choose thou for thy neighbour that which thou choosest for thyself."
1. January 15 – Battle of Sandwich: Yorkists raid Sandwich, Kent, England, and capture the royal fleet. 2. March 5 – King Christian I of Denmark issues the Treaty of Ribe, enabling himself to become Count of Holstein, and regain control of Denmark's lost Duchy of Schleswig. 3. April 4 – The University of Basel is founded in Switzerland. 4. June 26 – Wars of the Roses: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York) land in Englandwi...
1. Ali Bey Mihaloğlu captures Michael Szilágyi. 2. Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra reaches the coast of modern-day Sierra Leone. 3. A famine breaks out in the Deccan Plateauof India. 4. A monk, Leonardo da Pistoia, arrives in Florence from Macedonia, with the Corpus Hermeticum.May 8 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)June 1 – Enno I, Count of East Frisia (1466–1491) (d. 1491)September 29 – Louis II de la Trémoille, French military leader (d. 1525)date unknown
v. t. e. English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon migrants from what is now northwest Germany, southern Denmark and the Netherlands. The Anglo-Saxons settled in the British Isles from the mid-5th century and came to dominate the bulk of ...
Renaissance. The Renaissance is a period in the history of Europe beginning in about 1400, and following the Medieval period. The School of Athens by Raphael. This Renaissance painting shows an imaginary scene from Ancient Greece, with Greek philosophers, writers, artists, and mathematicians. Raphael used the faces of people from his own time.
Since that time, except for King Edward III, the eldest sons of all English monarchs have borne this title. After the death of Queen Elizabeth I without issue, in 1603, King James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, joining the crowns of England and Scotland in personal union.
Γουτεμβέργιος. Ο Ιωάννης Γουτεμβέργιος ( Johannes Gutenberg, 1400 - 3 Φεβρουαρίου 1468) ήταν Γερμανός σιδηρουργός, χρυσοχόος, τυπογράφος και εκδότης, ο οποίος εισήγαγε πρώτος την τυπογραφία στην Ευρώπη ...