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  1. Sandleford Priory (monastery) - Wikipedia › wiki › Sandleford_Priory_(monastery)

    Anglo-French magnate and veteran of the Third Crusade Geoffrey (died 1202, buried St. Denis, Nogent-le-Rotrou), Earl of Perche and Mortagne, of the House of Châteaudun, Lord of the manor of Newbury, and his wife (they married in 1189) Richenza-Matilda of Saxony, daughter of Henry the Lion, duke of Bavaria and duke of Saxony, (died 1195) by Matilda (or Maud) of England (died 1189).

  2. Timeline of Christianity - Wikipedia › wiki › Timeline_of_the_Protestant

    Timeline of Christianity. Language; Watch; Edit (Redirected from Timeline of the Protestant Reformation ...

  3. Timeline of London - Wikipedia › wiki › Timeline_of_London_history

    The hatters that become James Lock & Co. of St James's is established by Robert Davis. 1677 10 October: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair comes into the hands of the Grosvenor family when Sir Thomas Grosvenor, 3rd Baronet, marries the heiress Mary Davies. Monument to the Great Fire of London, designed by Wren and Hooke, completed.

  4. St Peter's Church, Nottingham - Wikipedia › wiki › St_Peter&

    History. St Peter's is one of the three mediaeval parish churches in Nottingham, the others being St Mary's and St Nicholas.The parish of St. James' Church, Standard Hill, founded in 1807 was united with St Peter's in 1933 and the official title "St Peter with St James" came into being.

  5. List of windmills in London - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_windmills_in_London

    St Clement Danes: Post: 1558 1615 Stepney: 1325 1342 Stepney Ratcliffe 1713 1713 St George Hanover Square: 1675 1675 1675, later moved to Mill Hill Place St George Hanover Square Mill Hill Place St George Hanover Square St George's Hospital: Hollow post: Mid-18th century Mid-18th century St James's: Tower: 1658

  6. Timeline of Christianity - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Timeline_of_Christianity

    530 Rule of St Benedict, St. Benedict founds the Benedictines 535–536 Unusual climate changes recorded 537–555 Pope Vigilius , involved in death of Pope Silverius , conspired with Justinian and Theodora , on April 11, 548, issued Judicatum supporting Justinian's anti- Hypostatic Union , excommunicated by bishops of Carthage in 550

  7. James Buchanan | Military Wiki | Fandom › wiki › James_Buchanan
    • Early Life
    • Political Career
    • Presidential Election of 1856
    • Presidency 1857–1861
    • Final Years
    • Personal Life
    • Legacy
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Buchanan was born in a log cabin in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania (now Buchanan's Birthplace State Park), in Franklin County, on April 23, 1791, to James Buchanan, Sr. (1761–1821), a businessman, merchant, and farmer, and Elizabeth Speer, a literate woman (1767–1833).[citation needed] His parents were both of Ulster Scotsdescent, the father having emigrated from Donegal, Ireland in 1783. Buchanan had six sisters and four brothers. In 1797, the family moved to nearby Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. The home in Mercersburg was later turned into the James Buchanan Hotel. Buchanan attended the village academy (Old Stone Academy) and later Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Though he was nearly expelled at one point for poor behavior, he pleaded for a second chance and subsequently graduated with honors on September 19, 1809. Later that year, he moved to Lancaster, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1812. A dedicated Federalist, he initially opposed the War of 1812 because...

    Buchanan began his political career in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1814–1816 as a member of the Federalist Party. He was elected to the 17th United States Congress and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1821 – March 4, 1831), serving as chairman of the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary in the 21st United States Congress. In 1830, he was among the members appointed by the House to conduct impeachment proceedings against James H. Peck, judge of the United States District Court for the District of Missouri, who was ultimately acquitted. Buchanan did not seek reelection and from 1832 to 1833 he served as Minister to Russia, appointed by Andrew Jackson. With the Federalist Party long defunct, Buchanan was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill a vacancy and served from December 1834; he was reelected in 1837 and 1843, and resigned in 1845 to accept President James K. Polk's nomination of him as Secretary of State. He was chairman of the...

    Democrats nominated Buchanan in 1856 as their nominee for President of the United States. He had been in England during the Kansas-Nebraska debate and thus remained untainted by either side. Pennsylvania, which had three times failed Buchanan, now gave its full support in its state convention. Though he never declared his candidacy, it is apparent from all his correspondence, that he was aware of the distinct possibility of his nomination by the Democratic convention in Cincinnati, even before heading home at the finish of his work as Minister to the Court of St. James in the United Kingdom. Writer Nathaniel Hawthorne, then serving as American Consul in Liverpool, recorded in his diary that Buchanan visited him in January 1855: Former president Millard Fillmore's "Know-Nothing" candidacy helped Buchanan defeat John C. Frémont, the first Republican candidate for president in 1856, and he served from March 4, 1857, to March 4, 1861. Buchanan remains the most recent of the two Democrat...

    Dred Scott case

    In his inaugural address, besides promising not to run again, Buchanan referred to the territorial question as "happily, a matter of but little practical importance" since the Supreme Court was about to settle it "speedily and finally", and proclaimed that when the decision came he would "cheerfully submit, whatever this may be". Two days later, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney delivered the Dred Scott Decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to exclude slavery in the territo...

    Chaos in Kansas; Buchanan breaks with Stephen Douglas

    The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created Kansas Territory, and allowed the settlers there to choose whether to allow slavery. This resulted in violence between "Free-Soil" (anti-slavery) and pro-slavery settlers (see "Bleeding Kansas"). The anti-slavery settlers organized a government in Topeka, while pro-slavery settlers established a seat of government in Lecompton, Kansas. For Kansas to be admitted to statehood, a state constitution had to be submitted to Congress with the approval of a maj...

    Buchanan's political views

    Buchanan considered the essence of good self-government to be founded on restraint. The constitution he considered to be "...restraints, imposed not by arbitrary authority, but by the people upon themselves and their representatives.... In an enlarged view, the people's interests may seem identical, but "to the eye of local and sectional prejudice, they always appear to be conflicting ... and the jealousies that will perpetually arise can be repressed only by the mutual forbearance which perv...

    The Civil War erupted within two months of Buchanan's retirement. He supported it, writing to former colleagues that "the assault upon Sumter was the commencement of war by the Confederate states, and no alternative was left but to prosecute it with vigor on our part."He also wrote a letter to his fellow Pennsylvania Democrats, urging them to "join the many thousands of brave & patriotic volunteers who are already in the field." However, Buchanan spent most of his remaining years defending himself from public blame for the Civil War, which was even referred to by some as "Buchanan's War".He began receiving angry and threatening letters daily, and stores displayed Buchanan's likeness with the eyes inked red, a noose drawn around his neck and the word "TRAITOR" written across his forehead. The Senate proposed a resolution of condemnation (it failed), and newspapers accused him of colluding with the Confederacy. His former cabinet members, five of whom had been given jobs in the Lincol...


    In 1818, Buchanan met Anne Caroline Coleman at a grand ball in the White Swan Inn, Lancaster, and the two began courting. Anne was the daughter of the wealthy iron manufacturing businessman (and protective father) Robert Coleman and sister-in-law of Philadelphia judge Joseph Hemphill, one of Buchanan's colleagues from the House of Representatives. By 1819, the two were engaged, although both were beyond marrying age for the time. Buchanan spent little time with her during the courtship: he wa...

    The day before his own death, Buchanan predicted that "history will vindicate my memory". Nevertheless, historians criticize Buchanan for his unwillingness or inability to act in the face of secession. Historical rankings of United States Presidents, considering presidential achievements, leadership qualities, failures and faults, consistently place Buchanan among the least successful presidents. In an academic poll of 47 British academics specializing in American history and politics in 2011 it was reported that he came last (40th). They were asked to evaluate the performance of every president from 1789 to 2009 (excluding William Henry Harrison and James Garfield, both of whom died shortly after taking office) in five categories: vision/agenda-setting, domestic leadership, foreign policy leadership, moral authority and positive historical significance of their legacy. Buchanan biographer Philip Klein put these rankings into context commenting, "Buchanan assumed leadership ... when...

    Historical rankings of United States Presidents
    Presidential Dollar
    U.S. Presidents on U.S. postage stamps
    Binder, Frederick Moore. "James Buchanan: Jacksonian Expansionist" Historian1992 55(1): 69–84. ISSN 0018-2370 Full text: in Ebsco
    Binder, Frederick Moore. James Buchanan and the American Empire.Susquehanna U. Press, 1994. 318 pp.
    Birkner, Michael J., ed. James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s.Susquehanna U. Press, 1996. 215 pp.
    George Ticknor Curtis (1883). Life of James Buchanan: Fifteenth President of the United States. Harper & Brothers. 2 online
    The James Buchanan papers, spanning the entirety of his legal, political and diplomatic career, are available for research use at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
  8. (PDF) The cultural setting for the Office of St Anne in A ... › 3502011 › The_cultural_setting

    St Anne, St Joachim, Ex.2 Coptic Anna - source Wikipedia (public th Ancestors of God’. (12 cent.) Permission domain) National Museum in Warsaw, given Arkady, Warsaw – copyright expired Relics of her were obtained and some found their way back to England, as well as Chartres, Ghent and elsewhere on the continent via the Crusades.

  9. Dr James Barry (Margaret Ann Bulkley) became an army surgeon at a time when women were not permitted to become either surgeons or army officers. Margaret was a gifted child and when she expressed a desire to study medicine her mother and uncle helped her to enter the School of Medicine at Edinburgh University in 1809 disguised as a boy, and at ...

  10. James Brown - The Reader Wiki, Reader View of Wikipedia › en › James_Brown

    James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader. A progenitor of funk music and a major figure of 20th century music and dance, he is often referred to by the honorific nicknames "Godfather of Soul", "Mr. Dynam

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