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  1. 1509 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AD_1509

    Year 1509 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–June. February 3 – Battle of Diu: The Portuguese defeat a coalition of Indians, Muslims and Italians. April 21 – Henry VIII becomes King of England (for 38 years) on the death of his father, Henry VII.

  2. Early Telugu epigraphy - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Acient_inscriptions_of

    Krishnaraya, AD 1509. This is dated Saka 1431, Sukla, Kartika su. 12, Monday, corresponding to AD 1509, 24 October, which was, however, Wednesday and not Monday. Sri Krishna Devaraya Vijayastambha (Victory Pillar) at Potnuru in Visakhapatnam District , Andhra Pradesh

  3. Aga Khan IV - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Aga_Khan_IV

    Prince Shāh Karim al-Husayni (شاه كريم الحسيني Shāh Karĩm al-Ḥussaynĩ) (born 13 December 1936), known by the religious title Mawlana Hazar Imam within Ismaili Shia circles and as Aga Khan IV (آقا خان or آغا خان) elsewhere, is the 49th and current Imam of Nizari Ismailism, a denomination of Isma'ilism within Shia Islam.

  4. 1509 AD Letter by Queen Eleni of Ethiopia & the Daughter of ...

    hadiyajourney.com › 1509-ad-letter-by-queen-eleni

    We are ever so grateful to Stefan Ritter — a German missionary, Hadiyyisa/Hadiya researcher and an excellent friend of the Hadiya people who, with his wife, lived in Hadiya Zone 2005 – 2010 — for making available to us the Latin & German (and subsequently the English) versions of Queen Eleni’s (Helena) letter to King […]

  5. 1588 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AD_1588
    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths

    January–June

    1. February – The Sinhalese abandon the siege of Colombo, capital of Portuguese Ceylon. 2. February 9 – The sudden death of Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, in the midst of preparations for the Spanish Armada, forces King Philip II of Spain to re-allocate the command of the fleet. 3. April 14 (April 4 Old Style) – Christian IV becomes king of Denmark–Norway, upon the death of his father, Frederick II. 4. May 12 – Day of the Barricades in Paris: Henry I, Duke of Guise seizes the cit...

    July–December

    1. July– King Henry III of France capitulates to the Duke of Guise, and returns to Paris. 2. July 31 – The first engagement between the English and Spanish fleets (off of Plymouth) results in a victory for the English, under command of Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake. 3. August 2 – The English fleet defeats the Spanish fleet, off the Isle of Portland. 4. August 6 (July 29 Old Style) – Battle of Gravelines: The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English naval force off the coast...

    Unknown

    1. William Morgan's Welsh translation of the Bibleis published. 2. The Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I of Englandis created, to celebrate the English defeat of the Spanish Armada, and to assert the strength of Elizabeth herself. 1. Sword huntin Japan.

    January–June

    1. January 4 – Arnold Vinnius, Dutch lawyer (d. 1657) 2. January 6 – Elizabeth Stanley, Countess of Huntingdon, English noblewoman and writer (d. 1633) 3. January 20 – Francesco Gessi, Italian painter (d. 1649) 4. February 2 – Georg II of Fleckenstein-Dagstuhl, German nobleman (d. 1644) 5. February 15 – Benjamin Bramer, German mathematician (d. 1652) 6. March 12 – Herman de Neyt, Flemish painter (d. 1642) 7. March 21 – Egon VIII of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg, Bavarian count and field-marshal (d...

    July–December

    1. July 7 – Wolrad IV, Count of Waldeck-Eisenberg (1588–1640) (d. 1640) 2. July 29 – William Spring of Pakenham, Member of Parliament (d. 1638) 3. August 25 – Elizabeth Poole, English settler in Plymouth Colony (d. 1654) 4. August – François de La Mothe Le Vayer, French writer (d. 1672) 5. September 1 – Henri, Prince of Condé (d. 1646) 6. September 8 – Marin Mersenne, French theologian (d. 1648) 7. September 10 – Nicholas Lanier, English composer (d. 1666) 8. September 13 – Edward Vaux, 4th B...

    Date unknown

    1. John Danvers, English politician (d. 1655) 2. John Endecott, English politician (d. 1665) 2.1. Robert Filmer, English political writer (d. 1653) 2.2. Accepted Frewen, English churchman (d. 1664) 2.3. Madame Ke, influential nanny of the Tianqi Emperor of China (approximately; d. 1627) 2.4. Francis Higginson, colonial American Puritan (d. 1630) 2.5. Jan Janssonius, Dutch cartographer (d. 1664) 2.6. Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet (d. 1665) 2.7. John Winthrop, influential Purita...

    January 17 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (b. 1528)
    February 9 – Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral (b. 1526)
    February 24 – Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist (b. 1515)
    March 3 – Henry XI of Legnica, Duke of Legnica (b. 1539)
  6. 1535 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AD_1535
    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths

    January–June

    1. January 18 – Lima, Peru, is founded by Francisco Pizarro, as Ciudad de los Reyes. 2. February 27 – George Joye publishes his Apologye in Antwerp, to clear his name from the accusations of William Tyndale. 3. March – English forces under William Skeffington storm Maynooth Castle in Ireland, the stronghold of Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare. 4. March 8 – Rani Karnavati of Chittorgarh commits Jauhar. 5. March 10 – Fray Tomás de Berlanga discovers the Galápagos Islands, when blown off...

    July–December

    1. July 6 – Sir Thomas More, author of Utopia and one time Lord Chancellor of England, is executed for treason, after refusing to recognize King Henry VIII as head of the English Church, and separate from the Roman Catholic Church. 2. July 15 – Archdeacon Charles Reynolds (cleric), envoy to James V, Charles V, and Pope Paul III, is buried in Rome. He died of malaria while lobbying for the excommunication of King Henry VIIIfor heresy. 3. October 2 – Jacques Cartier reaches the island in the Sa...

    Date unknown

    1. Mughal Emperor Humayun gives battle to Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. 2. Spanish forces abandon the second attempted conquest of Yucatán. 3. The earliest printed book in Estonian, a Catechism with a translation by Johann Koell from the Middle Low German Lutheran text of Simon Wanradt, is printed by Hans Lufft in Wittenberg, for use in Tallinn. 4. Suleiman the Magnificent begins the rebuilding of the walls around Jerusalem. 5. Paracelsus visits Bad Pfäfers.

    February 11 – Pope Gregory XIV (d. 1591)
    January 7 – Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford, English baron (d. 1603)
    February 24 – Eléanor de Roucy de Roye, French noble (d. 1564)
    February 27 – Min Phalaung, Burmese monarch (d. 1593)
    February 18 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German alchemist and occult writer (b. 1486)
    February 28 – Wolter von Plettenberg, Master of the Livonian Order (b. 1450)
    April 4 – Beatrix of Baden, Margravine of Baden, Countess Palatine consort of Simmern (b. 1492)
    May 4 (executed by Henry VIII of England):
  7. 大昭寺 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书

    zh.wikipedia.org › wiki › 大昭寺
    • 始建年代
    • 名称由来
    • 景观
    • 大火
    • 参考文献
    • 参见

    大昭寺始建于七世纪吐蕃王朝的鼎盛时期,建造的目的据传说是为了供奉一尊不動金剛佛像,即释迦牟尼八岁等身像,该佛像据传是当时的吐蕃赞普松赞干布迎娶的尼泊尔尺尊公主从家乡带去的。據說當地原為一座湖泊,但在松贊干布的努力之下,將它填平建為寺院。之后寺院经历代重新扩建,目前占地25100余平方米。由於默朗欽莫及其政教合一的傳統,大昭寺在文化大革命以前,就已經停止寺廟活動,宗教的代表性更被質疑,也被當地窮困農民翻身的激進分子,視為西藏封建統治象徵的「破四舊」目標。1966年,西藏這些受文革號召的年輕人,組成紅衛兵攻擊大昭寺,摧毀了許多佛像,大昭寺建築之後更成為養豬場,僧人不能進入膜拜,直至1972年開始重修大昭寺,1980年完成修復工程,並恢復宗教功能。一樓松赞干布所建的觀音像在文革時被扔到大街上,藏人偷偷保存其憤怒與慈悲的頭像各一,後來輾轉流傳到印度達蘭薩拉獻給達賴喇嘛,成為楚拉康寺(Tsug Lagkhang)此像複製品的一部分。值得一提的是,现在大昭寺内供奉的是唐朝文成公主带去的释迦牟尼十二岁等身像,而八岁等身像于八世纪被转供奉在小昭寺。在大昭寺的泥製大佛之中,安放了尺尊公主帶至西藏的木製釋迦牟尼佛像,相傳松贊干布化身為光芒,進入佛像之中。

    大昭寺建造时曾以山羊驮土,因而最初的佛殿曾被命名为“羊土神变寺”。1409年,格鲁教派创始人宗喀巴大师为歌颂释迦牟尼的功德,召集藏传佛教各派僧众,在寺院举行了传昭大法会,后寺院改名为大昭寺。也有观点认为早在9世纪时已改称大昭寺。清朝时,大昭寺曾被称为“伊克昭庙”。

    大昭寺的布局方位与汉族寺院不同,其主殿是坐东面西的。主殿高四层,两侧列有配殿,布局结构上再现了佛教中曼陀罗(曼荼羅)坛城的宇宙理想模式(参见大昭寺电子门票)。寺院内的佛殿主要有释迦牟尼殿、宗喀巴大师殿、松赞干布殿、班旦拉姆殿(格鲁派的护法神)、神羊热姆杰姆殿、藏王殿等等。寺内各种木雕、壁画精美绝伦,空气中弥漫着酥油香气,藏民们神情虔诚地参拜转经。 大昭寺内保存有大量珍贵文物,为藏学研究提供了丰富的素材。此外,在大昭寺门前广场上树立的唐蕃会盟碑见证了汉藏人民的深厚友情,劝人恤出痘碑(为清朝乾隆年间驻藏大臣和琳(和珅之弟)在西藏救治天花患者及改变葬俗而立)则见证了清朝对西藏的关怀。劝人恤出痘碑旁边的公主柳相传为唐朝文成公主手植。

    2018年2月17日,大昭寺建筑内部发生火灾,照片傳開隨即被刪除,官媒通報只作七十多字的交代,情况未明。火灾发生于晚上6点40分,火势直到晚上才扑灭。社交媒体上流传的图片和视频显示部分建筑的屋顶冒出黄色火光并伴有浓烟,随后被删走。官方媒体《西藏日报》当晚在网上发布简讯表示火势“迅速扑灭”,“没有人员伤亡”,同时《人民日报》在网上发布类似的消息,并表示寺内“文物没有伤亡”,但两则报道都没有图片。据新华通讯社,火情出现后寺庙临时关闭,直到2月18日才重新向公众开放。然而,自由亚洲电台称寺中央的佛祖像(英语:Jowo statue)前挂上了全新的黄布,第二层没向游人开放。

    来源

    1. 拉萨大昭寺电子门票,藏新出音准字(2003)1号。注,仅用于资料参照,无任何整段照搬

  8. The Story of Civilization - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › The_Story_of_Civilization

    The Story of Civilization. The series was written over a span of four decades. It totals four million words across nearly 10,000 pages, with two further books in production at the time of the authors' deaths. In the first volume ( Our Oriental Heritage, which covers the history of the Middle East and Orient to 1933), Will Durant stated that he ...

  9. John Fisher - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › John_Fisher

    John Fisher (c. 19 October 1469 – 22 June 1535) was an English Catholic bishop, cardinal, and theologian. Fisher was also an academic, and eventually served as Chancellor of the University of Cambridge .

  10. 澳門歷史城區 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书

    zh.wikipedia.org › wiki › 澳門歷史城區
    • 歷史價值概要
    • 被列入澳門歷史城區的地點
    • 申報成功後對世遺的破壞
    • 参见
    • 外部連結

    澳門歷史城區是中國境內現存最古老、規模最大、保存最完整和最集中的東西方風格共存建築群,當中包括中國最古老的教堂遺址和修道院、最古老的基督教墳場、最古老的西式炮台建築群、第一座西式劇院、第一座現代化燈塔和第一所西式大學等。作為歐洲國家在東亞建立的第一個永久基地,城區見證了澳門四百多年來中華文化與西方文化互相交流、多元共存的歷史。正因為中西文化共融的緣故,城區當中的大部分建築都具有中西合璧的特色。城區內的建築大部分至今仍完好地保存或保持著原有的功能。 世界遺產委員會對澳門歷史城區的評價是“見證了西方宗教文化在中國以至遠東地區的發展,也見證了向西方傳播民間宗教的歷史淵源”、“是中國現存最古老的西式建築遺產,是東西方建築藝術的綜合體現。” 由此可見,澳門歷史城區是中國境內接觸近代西方器物與文化最早、最多、最重要的地方,同時是近代西方建築傳入中國的第一站。

    第一區

    第一區是指從大炮台山(Monte)到西望洋山(Colina da Penha)之間 75.2688公頃(752,688平方米)面積範圍中下列登記地點:

    第二區

    第二區是指東望洋山(Colina da Guia)所屬 31.5222公頃(315,222平方米)面積範圍中下列登記地點:

    自2005年7月澳門歷史城區列入《世界遺產名錄》以來,澳門政府對世遺的保護工作一直被社會質疑,除了東望洋燈塔景觀危機外,一些世遺建築物也在成功申遺十周年後因人為和不可抗力因素受到破壞,例如盧家大屋因相鄰的地盤塌牆而受損;媽閣廟的正覺禪林發生火警,導致神案及牌匾被燒毀及熏黑,損毀較為嚴重;聖奧斯定教堂因文化局工作疏忽或沒有足夠專業的文物安全評估而導致偏廳塌頂等。

    關於澳門歷史城區 - 澳門世界遺產 (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)(澳門文化局建置網站)(繁體中文)(简体中文)(葡萄牙文)(英文)
    澳門旅遊局 (页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) (繁體中文)(简体中文)(葡萄牙文)(英文)
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