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  1. 6 days ago · Historical earthquakes is a list of significant earthquakes known to have occurred prior to the beginning of the 20th century. As the events listed here occurred before routine instrumental recordings, they rely mainly on the analysis of written sources.

    • Life
    • Pianist
    • Musical Works
    • Literary Works
    • Legacy
    • Bibliography
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Early life

    Franz Liszt was born to Anna Liszt (née Maria Anna Lager) and Adam Liszt on 22 October 1811, in the village of Doborján (German: Raiding) in Sopron County, in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.[n 2]Liszt's father played the piano, violin, cello, and guitar. He had been in the service of Prince Nikolaus II Esterházy and knew Haydn, Hummel, and Beethoven personally. At age six, Franz began listening attentively to his father's piano playing. Franz also found exposure to music through atte...

    Adolescence in Paris

    After his father's death in 1827, Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years, he was to live with his mother in a small apartment. He gave up touring. To earn money, Liszt gave lessons in piano playing and composition, often from early morning until late at night. His students were scattered across the city and he often had to cover long distances. Because of this, he kept uncertain hours and also took up smoking and drinking—all habits he would continue throughout his life. The following...


    After attending a charity concert on 20 April 1832, for the victims of the Parisian cholera epidemic, organized by Niccolò Paganini, Liszt became determined to become as great a virtuoso on the piano as Paganini was on the violin. Paris in the 1830s had become the nexus for pianistic activities, with dozens of pianists dedicated to perfection at the keyboard. Some, such as Sigismond Thalberg and Alexander Dreyschock, focused on specific aspects of technique, e.g. the "three-hand effect" and o...

    Many musicians consider Liszt to be the greatest pianist who ever lived. The critic Peter G. Davishas opined: "Perhaps [Liszt] was not the most transcendent virtuoso who ever lived, but his audiences thought he was."

    Liszt was a prolific composer. He is best known for his piano music, but he also wrote for orchestra and for other ensembles, virtually always including keyboard. His piano works are often marked by their difficulty. Some of his works are programmatic, based on extra-musical inspirations such as poetry or art. Liszt is credited with the creation of the symphonic poem.

    Besides his musical works, Liszt wrote essays about many subjects. Most important for an understanding of his development is the article series "De la situation des artistes" ("On the situation of artists") which was published in the Parisian Gazette musicale in 1835. In winter 1835–36, during Liszt's stay in Geneva, about half a dozen further essays followed. One of them that was slated to be published under the pseudonym "Emm Prym" was about Liszt's own works. It was sent to Maurice Schlesinger, editor of the Gazette musicale. Schlesinger, however, following the advice of Berlioz, did not publish it.[n 13] At the beginning of 1837, Liszt published a review of some piano works of Sigismond Thalberg. The review provoked a huge scandal.[n 14]Liszt also published a series of writings titled "Baccalaureus letters", ending in 1841. During the Weimar years, Liszt wrote a series of essays about operas, leading from Gluck to Wagner. Liszt also wrote essays about Berlioz and the symphony Ha...

    Although there was a period in which many considered Liszt's works "flashy" or superficial, it is now held that many of Liszt's compositions such as Nuages gris, Les jeux d'eaux à la villa d'Este, etc., which contain parallel fifths, the whole-tone scale, parallel diminished and augmented triads, and unresolved dissonances, anticipated and influenced twentieth-century music like that of Debussy, Ravel and Béla Bartók.

    Cooper, Martin (1946). "The Symphonies". In Abraham, Gerald (ed.). Music of Tchaikovsky. New York: W. W. Norton. OCLC 726172943.
    Bory, Robert (1930). Une retraite romantique en Suisse, Liszt et la Comtesse d'Agoult (in French). Lausanne. OCLC 407007685.
    Burger, Ernst (1986). Franz Liszt, Eine Lebenschronik in Bildern und Dokumenten. Munich. OCLC 924748359.
    Eckhardt, Maria; Mueller, Maria Charnin; Walker, Alan (2001). "Liszt, Franz". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.48265. (subscription required)
    Doran, Robert (ed.): Liszt and Virtuosity. Rochester: University of Rochester Press (Eastman Studies in Music), 2020. OCLC 1133204755
    Ehrhardt, Damien (ed.): Franz Liszt – Musique, médiation, interculturalité (Etudes germaniques63/3, 2008)
    Franz, Robert (aka Olga de Janina): Souvenirs d'une Cosaque, Paris: Librairie internationale, 1874 OCLC 465183989; OCLC 762414797
    Gibbs, Christopher H. and Gooley, Dana. Franz Liszt and his World. (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2006)
    Franz Liszt at Curlie
    Free scores by Franz Liszt at the International Music Score Library Project(IMSLP)
    Free scores by Franz Liszt in the Choral Public Domain Library(ChoralWiki)
    Works by Franz Liszt at Project Gutenberg
    • 22 October 1811
    • Music Division, Library of Congress
  2. 6 days ago · 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54 (aged 63) Probably poisoned by his wife Agrippina, in favour of her son Nero Nero Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus 13 October 54 – 9 June 68 (13 years, 7 months and 27 days) Grandnephew, stepson, son-in-law and adopted son of Claudius, great-great-grandson of Augustus

  3. 6 days ago · This is a timeline of Indonesian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Indonesia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Indonesia.

  4. 6 days ago · The following are list of astronomers, astrophysicists and other notable people who have made contributions to the field of astronomy.They may have won major prizes or awards, developed or invented widely used techniques or technologies within astronomy, or are directors of major observatories or heads of space-based telescope projects.

  5. › wiki › Audi_A4Audi A4 - Wikipedia

    5 days ago · Audi 80. The Audi A4 is a line of compact executive cars produced since 1994 by the German car manufacturer Audi, a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group . The A4 has been built in five generations and is based on the Volkswagen Group B platform. The first generation A4 succeeded the Audi 80.

  6. › wiki › History_of_ship_transportMaritime history - Wikipedia

    Sep 07, 2021 · Magic and Gracie off Castle Garden, painted by James E. Buttersworth, c. 1871. Maritime history is the study of human interaction with and activity at sea. It covers a broad thematic element of history that often uses a global approach, although national and regional histories remain predominant.

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