1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1811th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 811th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 19th century, and the 2nd year of the 1810s decade.
The Palestine sunbird (Cinnyris osea) is a small passerine bird of the sunbird family, Nectariniidae, found in parts of the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa.Its long, downward-curving beak and the brush-tipped tongue are adapted for sipping nectar from flowers.
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1. January 1 – Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales. 2. January 4 – Australian seal hunter Frederick Hasselborough discovers Campbell Island, in the Subantarctic. 3. January 12 – The marriage of Napoleon and Joséphineis annulled. 4. January 28 - in the vicinity of the town of Dueñas, the guerrilla of Jerónimo Merino, which was acting on the Communications between Burgos and Valladolid, ambushes a French imperial division and manages to kill about 1,50...
1. April 2 - Napoleon Bonaparte marries Marie Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma. 2. April 19 – Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparán, Governor of the Captaincy General of Venezuela, is removed by the people of Caracas, and Supreme Juntais installed. Venezuela is the first South American state to proclaim independence from Spain. 3. April 27 – Beethoven composes his famous piano piece, Für Elise. 4. May 1 – Macon's Bill Number 2 becomes law in the United States, intending to motivate...
1. July 9 1.1. Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland. 1.2. Russia acquires Sukhumi through a treaty with the Abkhazian dukes, and declares a protectorate over the whole of Abkhazia. 2. July 11 – Frederick Hasselborough discovers Macquarie Island, in the subantarctic. 3. July 20 – Patria Boba: A junta of seven patriots, led by José Acevedo y Gómez, assemble in Bogotá in the Viceroyalty of New Granada (modern-day Colombia), to declare its independence from the Spanish Empire. 4. July 24 - Par...
1. January 3 – Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie, Irish-French geographer (d. 1897) 2. January 13 – Ernestine Rose, Polish-born feminist (d. 1892) 3. January 29 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician (d. 1893) 4. February 5 – Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (d. 1880) 5. February 8 – Eliphas Levi, French writer (d. 1875) 6. March 1 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer, pianist (d. 1849) 7. March 2 – Pope Leo XIII(b. Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci) (d. 1903) 8. March 10 – Samuel Ferguson, Northern...
1. July 5 – P. T. Barnum, American showman (d. 1891) 2. July 20 – Leonhard Graf von Blumenthal, Prussian field marshal (d. 1900) 3. July 21 – Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist, physicist (d. 1878) 4. August 4 – Maurice de Guérin, French poet (d. 1839) 5. August 10 – Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, 1st Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1861) 6. August 24 – Theodore Parker, American preacher, Transcendentalist, and abolitionist (d. 1860) 7. August 29 – Juan Bautista Alberdi, Argentinian politicia...
1. Nicolae Golescu, 9th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1877)
1. January 15 – Yekaterina Romanovna Vorontsova-Dashkova, Russian princess, courtier and patron of the arts and sciences, first woman to head a scientific academy (b. 1743) 2. January 20 – Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722) 3. January 23 – Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist, physicist (b. 1776) 4. February 20 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean national hero (executed) (b. 1767) 5. February 24 – Henry Cavendish, British scientist (b. 1731) 6. March 6 – William Washington...
1. July 19 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Prussia (b. 1776) 2. August 12 – Étienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist, entomologist (b. 1725) 3. August 26 – Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires, French officer in Spanish colonial military service (executed) (b. 1753) 4. September 17 – Ulla von Höpken, Swedish courtier, influential socialite (b. 1749) 5. October 15 – Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755) 6. November 2 – Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom, Member of the...
1. Natalia Shelikova, Russian business person (b. 1762) 2. Anne Rossignol, African slave trader (b. 1730) 3. Margaretta Sully West, American theater manager and stage actor
- Date Unknown
February 1: Cagsawa Church is destroyed by the eruption of Mount Mayon. 1. January 1 – War of the Sixth Coalition – The Royal Prussian Army, led by Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, crosses the Rhine. 2. January 3 2.1. War of the Sixth Coalition – Siege of Cattaro: The French garrison surrenders to the British, after ten days of bombardment. 2.2. War of the Sixth Coalition – Siege of Metz (1814): Allied armies lay siege to the French city and fortress of Metz. 3. January 5 – Mexican War of Independence – Battle of Puruarán: Spanish Royalistsdefeat Mexican Rebels. 4. January 11 – War of the Sixth Coalition – Battle of Hoogstraten: Prussian forces under Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bülowdefeat the French. 5. January 14 5.1. Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes the Kingdom of Norway into personal union with Sweden, in exchange for west Pomerania. This marks the end of the real union of Denmark-Norway. 5.2. War of the Sixth Coalition – Siege of Antwerp (1814): Allied forces besi...February – George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, represents Britain at the Congress of Chatillon.February 1February 2 – War of the Sixth Coalition – Battle of Lesmont: French forces under Joseph Lagrangedefeat the Allies.February 8 – War of the Sixth Coalition – Battle of the Mincio River (1814): French and Italian troops under Viceroy Eugène de Beauharnaisfight an Austrian army to a draw.March 1 – War of the Sixth Coalition – Battle of Saint-Julien (1814): Austrian Army of the South defeats the French Army of the Rhône.March 3March 4 – War of 1812 – Battle of Longwoods: American raiding party defeats British regulars and militia and Indian fighters.March 7 – War of the Sixth Coalition – Battle of Craonne: A French army led by Napoleon is victorious against von Blücher.April 6 – Napoleonic Wars – Bourbon Restoration: Louis XVIII is invited to occupy the restored French throne.April 10April 11 – Napoleonic Wars – Treaty of Fontainebleau: The War of the Sixth Coalition ends, and Napoleon is forced to abdicate unconditionally as Emperor of the French.April 12July 3 – War of 1812 – Capture of Fort Erie by the Americans under Major General Jacob Brown.July 5 – War of 1812 – Battle of Chippawa: American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippawa, Ontario.July 7 – Walter Scott's Waverley, his first prose fiction and one of the first significant historical novels in English, is published anonymously by Archibald Constablein Edinburgh, selling out in...July 13 – The Carabinieri (the national military police of Italy) is established by Victor Emmanuel, as the police force of the Kingdom of Sardinia.October 3 - Paraguay changes its form of government. José Gaspar Rodríguez de Franciabecomes Supreme Dictator.October 17 – London Beer Flood: A large vat full of porter (beer) owned by Meux's Breweryof London bursts, demolishing buildings and killing 8.October 18 – British troop transport Sovereign is wrecked on St. Paul Island (Nova Scotia)with the loss of between 199 and 212 of the 237 people on board.October 19 – War of 1812: – Battle of Cook's Mills: U.S. forces defeat the British in Upper Canada.
The world's first complex machine mass-produced from interchangeable parts, Eli Terry's wooden pillar-and-scroll clock, comes off the production line in Plymouth, Connecticut.
- Further Reading
1. January 1 – The Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (the Austrian civil code) enters into force in the Austrian Empire. 2. January 19 – During the Peninsular War the breach of the French-held fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo is stormed by the Anglo-Portuguese Army under the Earl of Wellington 3. February 7 – The last New Madrid earthquake strikes New Madrid, Missouri, with an estimated moment magnitudeof over 8. 4. February 12 – Napoleon authorizes the usage of Mesures usuelles, the basis of the...
1. April 4 – U.S. President James Madison enacts a 90-day embargoon trade with the United Kingdom. 2. April 8 – The capital of Finland is moved from Turku to Helsinki, when Russia's Tsar Alexander I signs an edict moving the Government Council of the Grand Duchy of Finland. 3. April 30 – Louisianais admitted as the 18th U.S. state. 4. May 11 – John Bellingham assassinates British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval, in the lobby of the British House of Commons. 5. May 16 – Russian Field Marshal M...
1. July 12 – Americans invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario. 2. July 18 – Russia's Patriotic War – Battle of Klyastitsy: Kulnev defeats Oudinot, but sustains a mortal wound. 3. July 22 – Peninsular War – Battle of Salamanca: British forces led by Lord Wellington defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain. 4. August 5 – War of 1812: Tecumseh's Indian force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat. 5. August 12 – Peninsular War: The combined E...January 6 – Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (d. 1919)January 13 – Victor de Laprade, French poet, critic (d. 1883)February 3 – William Fraser Tolmie, Scottish-Canadian scientist, politician (d. 1886)February 7 – Charles Dickens, English writer (d. 1870)January 23 – Robert Craufurd, British general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1764)February 2 – Isaac Titsingh, Dutch scholar, merchant-trader and ambassador (b. 1745)March 7 – Isaac Swainson, English botanist (b. 1746)March 11 – Philip James de Loutherbourg, English artist (b. 1740)
Louis Heilprin (1885). "Chronological Table of Universal History". Historical Reference Book. New York: D. Appleton and Company – via Hathi Trust. 1812
Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. English 6 326 000+ articles 日本語 1 275 000+ 記事
1. January 2 – Lord Byron marries Anna Isabella Milbanke in Seaham, County Durham, England. 2. January 3 – Austria, Britain, and Bourbon-restored France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussiaand Russia. 3. January 8 – Battle of New Orleans: American forces led by Andrew Jackson defeat British forces led by Sir Edward Pakenham. American forces suffer around 60 casualties and the British lose about 2,000 (the battle lasts for about 30 minutes). 4. January 13 – War of 1812: Brit...
1. February – The Hartford Conventionarrives in Washington, D.C. 2. February 3 – The first commercial cheese factory is founded in Switzerland. 3. February 4 – The first Dutch student association, the Groninger Studentencorps Vindicat atque Polit, is founded in the Netherlands. The first rector of the senate is B. J. Winter. 4. February 6 – New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to John Stevens. 5. February 17 – The Spanish reconquest of Latin Americabegins. 6. February 18 – Th...
1. March 1 1.1. Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba. 1.2. Georgetown University's congressional charter is signed into law, by President James Madison. 2. March 15 – Joachim Murat, King of Naples, declares war on Austria in an attempt to save his throne, starting the Neapolitan War. 3. March 16 – William I becomes King of the Netherlands. 4. March 2–18 – Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy, the last king in Ceylon, is deposed under the terms of the Kandyan Conve...
1. January 11 – John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada, Father of Confederation (d. 1891) 2. January 15 – Bertha Wehnert-Beckmann, German photographer (d. 1901) 3. January 16 – Henry Halleck, American general (d. 1872) 4. January 21 – Horace Wells, American dentist, anesthesia pioneer (d. 1848) 5. February 2 – Mathilde Esch, Austrian genre painter (d. 1904) 6. February 10 – Constantin Bosianu, 4th Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1882) 7. February 15 – Constantin von Tischendorf, German...
1. July 26 – Robert Remak, German embryologist, physiologist and neurologist (d. 1865) 2. August 5 – Edward John Eyre, English explorer, colonial governor (d. 1901) 3. August 16 – Saint John Bosco, Italian priest, educator (d. 1888) 4. August 26 – Bernard Jauréguiberry, French admiral and statesman (d. 1887) 5. October 16 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905) 6. October 23 – João Maurício Vanderlei, Baron of Cotejipe, Brazilian magistrate, politician (d. 1889) 7. October 31 – Karl We...
1. William Farquharson Burnett, British commodore (d. 1863)
1. January 8 – Edward Pakenham, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1778) 2. January 16 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, politically active British courtesan, lover of Horatio Nelson (b. 1765) 3. January 24 – Sir Charles Malet, 1st Baronet, British East India Company official (b. 1752) 4. February 9 – Ellen Hutchins, Irish botanist (b. 1785) 5. February 22 – Smithson Tennant, English chemist, discovered the elements iridium and osmium (b. 1761) 6. February 24 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (b. 1...
1. July 3 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Reden, German pioneer in mining and metallurgy (b. 1752) 2. August 2 – Guillaume Marie-Anne Brune, French marshal (murdered) (b. 1763) 3. August 6 – James A. Bayard, U.S. Senator from Delaware (b. 1767) 4. September 9 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (b. 1738) 5. September 13 – Mihály Gáber, Slovene writer in Hungary (b. 1753) 6. September 20 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (b. 1725) 7. October 13 – Joachim Murat, French marshal, King of Naples...
Sense and Sensibility is a novel by Jane Austen, published in 1811. It was published anonymously; By A Lady appears on the title page where the author's name might have been. It tells the story of the Dashwood sisters, Elinor (age 19) and Marianne (age 16½) as they come of age.
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