The first more or less objective biography of Wilde came about when Hesketh Pearson wrote Oscar Wilde: His Life and Wit (1946). In 1954 Wilde's son Vyvyan Holland published his memoir Son of Oscar Wilde, which recounts the difficulties Wilde's wife and children faced after his imprisonment. It was revised and updated by Merlin Holland in 1989.
Oct 10, 2019 · Author, playwright and poet Oscar Wilde was a popular literary figure in late Victorian England. After graduating from Oxford University, he lectured as a poet, art critic and a leading proponent...
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Vyvyan Holland, OBE (3 November 1886 – 10 October 1967), born Vyvyan Oscar Beresford Wilde was an English author and translator. He was the second-born son of Irish playwright Oscar Wilde and Constance Lloyd, and had a brother Cyril.
- Vyvyan Oscar Beresford Wilde, 3 November 1886, London, United Kingdom
- Author, translator
- Merlin Holland
Wilde. Ellman's biography Oscar Wilde won a Pulitzer Prize. In it he examined Wilde's ascent to literary prominence and his public downfall. Posthumously Ellmann won both a U.S. National Book Critics Circle Award in 1988 and the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Biography. The book was the basis for the 1997 film Wilde, directed by Brian Gilbert.
The Secret Life of Oscar Wilde. (Random House, 2004) ISBN 0-09-941545-3; Raby, Peter (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Oscar Wilde. (CUP, 1997) ISBN 0-521-47987-8; Tufescu, Florina. Oscar Wilde's Plagiarism: The Triumph of Art over Ego. (Irish Academic Press, 2008) ISBN 9780716529040; Wilde, Oscar. The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde.
- Later years
Homosexuality was a criminal offense and serious societal taboo at this time in Britain. Wilde had gone back and forth between hiding his sexual orientation and attempting to gain some measure of public acceptance. After Douglas, a furious homophobe, began spouting his objections to Wildes behavior to the public, Wilde felt compelled to suehim for libel.
In his defense,Douglas argued that Wilde had solicited 12 boys to commit sodomy between 1892 and 1894. On the third day of the proceedings, Wildes lawyer withdrew the suit, since there was abundant evidence of his clients guilt. After that, the Crown issued a warrant for Wildes arrest on indecency charges. Rather than flee to France, Wilde decided to remain and stand trial. At a preliminary bail hearing, chambermaids testified that they had seen young men in Wildes bed and a hotel housekeeper stated that there were fecal stains on his bed sheets. Wilde was denied bail.
At Wildes first criminal trial, he was cross-examined extensively on the love that dare not speak its name. Wilde managed to secure a mistrial when a lone juror refused to vote to convict. The second trial began on May 21. Although many of the potential witnesses refused to betray Wilde by testifying, he was convicted. The judge remarked at his sentencing, It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgment it is totally inadequate for such a case as this. The sentence of the Court is that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for two years.
Wilde served his two years and then spent the last three years of his life in exile. He died at the age of 45 and was buried in Paris.
Who is Oscar Wilde? He is an Irish playwright, novelist, essayist, and poet who became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s, and is remembered for his epigrams, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, and his imprisonment and death. He was born on Monday October 16th 1854, in Dublin, Ireland.
Robert Adolph Wilton Morley, CBE (26 May 1908 – 3 June 1992) was an English actor who enjoyed a lengthy career in both Britain and the United States. He was frequently cast as a pompous English gentleman representing the Establishment, often in supporting roles.
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