- 1. the action or process of adapting or being adapted: "the adaptation of teaching strategy to meet students' needs" synonyms
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Adaptation definition is - something that is adapted; specifically : a composition rewritten into a new form. How to use adaptation in a sentence.
Adaptation definition, the act of adapting. See more.
Define adaptation. adaptation synonyms, adaptation pronunciation, adaptation translation, English dictionary definition of adaptation. n. 1. a. The act or process of ...
adaptation meaning: 1. the process of changing to suit different conditions: 2. the process in which a living thing…. Learn more.
Adaptation affects all aspects of the life of an organism. The following definitions are given by the evolutionary biologist Theodosius Dobzhansky: 1. Adaptation is the evolutionary process whereby an organism becomes better able to live in its habitat or habitats. 2.
Adaptation, in biology, the process by which a species becomes fitted to its environment; it is the result of natural selection’s acting upon heritable variation over several generations. Organisms are adapted to their environments in a variety of ways, such as in their structure, physiology, and genetics.
Jun 07, 2019 · In evolutionary theory, adaptation is the biological mechanism by which organisms adjust to new environments or to changes in their current environment. Although scientists discussed adaptation prior to the 1800s, it was not until then that Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace developed the theory of natural selection.
Adaptation. The act or process of modifying an object to render it suitable for a particular or new purpose or situation. In the law of patents—grants by the government to inventors for the exclusive right to manufacture, use, or market inventions for a term of years—adaptation denotes a category of patentable inventions, which entails the application of an existing product or process to a ...
- How Adaptation Takes Place
- in Conclusion
According to Jean Piaget's theory, adaptation was one of the important processes guiding cognitive development. The adaptation process itself can occur in two ways: through assimilation and accommodation.1
In assimilation, people take in information from the outside world and convert it to fit in with their existing ideas and concepts. People possess mental categories for information, known as schemas, that are used to understand the world around them.2 When encountering new information, it can sometimes be readily assimilated into an existing schema. Think of this as much as having a mental database. When information fits easily into an existing category, it can be quickly and easily assimilated into the database. However, this process doesn't always work perfectly, especially during early childhood. One classic example: imagine a very small child is seeing a dog for the first time. The child already knows what a cat is, so when she sees the dog she immediately assumes it is a cat. After all, it fits into her existing schema for cats, since they are both small, furry, and have four legs. Correcting this mistake takes place through the next adaptation process we will explore.
In accommodation, people also accommodate new information by changing their mental representations to fit the new information. When people encounter information that is completely new or that challenges their existing ideas, they often have to form a new schema to accommodate the information or alter their existing mental categories.3 It is much like trying to add information to a computer database, only to find that there is not a pre-existing category that will fit the data. In order to incorporate it into the database, you will have to create a brand new field or change an existing one. For the child in the previous example that initially thought that a dog was a cat, she might begin to notice key differences between the two animals. One barks while the other meows. One likes to play while the other wants to sleep all day. After a while, she will accommodate the new information by creating a new schema for dogs while at the same time altering her existing schema for cats.
The adaptation process is a critical part of cognitive development. Through the adaptive processes of assimilation and accommodation, people are able to take in new information, form new ideas or change existing ones, and adopt new behaviors that make them better prepared to deal with the world around them.
- Examples of Hedonic Adaptation
- How Much Control Do We have?
- Activities That Are More and Less Affected by The Hedonic Treadmill
- How to Minimize Hedonic Adaptation
There are several different ways that this has been observed, and here are a few interesting examples:2 1. People who win the lottery tend to return to roughly their original levels of happiness after the novelty of the win has worn off. (Some even end up less happy because of changes in relationships that can occur.) There is an initial influx of joy, of course, but after about a year, people in their day-to-day lives experience the same general sense of happiness. 2. The same is true for those who are in major accidents and lose the use of their legs. The change in ability can be devastating at first, but people generally tend to return to their pre-accident levels of happiness after the habituation period.2 3. Research has found that the first bite of something delicious is experienced as more pleasurable than the third or the tenth. People become accustomed to the pleasure rather quickly and soon, the same mood-lifting little treat doesn’t bring the same influx of joy.
Many researchers have examined the hedonic treadmill phenomenon and have attempted to determine how much of our happiness is really under our control. Researcher Sonja Lyubomirsky has examined this set-point and come up with a specific percentage: 40 percent.3 Other researchers have come up with slightly different numbers, but all have been roughly in this ballpark.
Certain activities are more subject to hedonic adaptation—the happiness that they bring dissipates more quickly. Some of these activities are known by researchers and psychologists as “pleasures,” which can bring quick bursts of—you guessed it—pleasure, which can also lead to longer-term happiness. Researcher Martin Seligman, one of the pioneers in this field, explained pleasures this way:4 "The pleasures are delights that have clear sensory and strong emotional components, what philosophers call 'raw feels': ecstasy, thrills…delight, mirth, exuberance, and comfort. They are evanescent, and they involve little, if any, thinking." These pleasures can lift your mood and leave you feeling wonderful, but their effects can be relatively fleeting. What’s more, we get used to them relatively quickly. If you have the same meal every day for a week, for example, you may find it to be less pleasurable by the end of the week if you’re like most people. This is true for roller-coaster rides, f...
Hedonic adaptation is a fact of life, but when we are aware of how it works and how it functions in our lives, we are more able to work around the negatives and engage in activities that are more immune to the stifling effects of the hedonic treadmill.7 The following are some ways in which you can move away from the limiting effects of hedonic adaptation and engage in activities that can actually create a greater level of happiness in your life:3 1. Be sure your life includes several pleasures, and try to plan for them throughout your day. Get that cup of coffee. Call that friend for a quick laugh. If you feel you don’t have time for too many of these pleasures, see if you can organize your time with a specific intention of including them. 2. Rotate your pleasures so that they always feel new. Just as fresh sheets feel more wonderful than your week-old sheets, a rotation of pleasures is more enjoyable and fresh than the same ones for days in a row. (This may be different if you en...