- Phillis Wheatley was one of the few black women to rise to prominence in colonial-era America. Born in Africa, she was sold at age 8 to John Wheatley, a wealthy Bostonian , who gave Phillis to his wife, Sussana . The Wheatleys were impressed by young Phillis' intellect and they taught her to write and read, schooling her in history and literature.
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- Marian Anderson (Feb. 27, 1897–April 8, 1993) Contralto Marian Anderson is considered one of the most important singers of the 20th century. Known for her impressive three-octave vocal range, she performed widely in the U.S. and Europe, beginning in the 1920s.
- Mary McLeod Bethune (July 10, 1875–May 18, 1955) Mary McLeod Bethune was an African American educator and civil rights leader best known for her work co-founding the Bethune-Cookman University in Florida.
- Shirley Chisholm (Nov. 30, 1924–Jan. 1, 2005) Shirley Chisholm is best known for her 1972 bid to win the Democratic presidential nomination; she was the first Black woman to make this attempt in a major political party.
- Althea Gibson (Aug. 25, 1927–Sept. 28, 2003) Althea Gibson started playing tennis as a child in New York City, winning her first tennis tournament at age 15.
Jul 03, 2019 · Phillis Wheatley was one of the few Black women to rise to prominence in colonial-era America. Born in Africa, she was enslaved at the age of 8 by John Wheatley, a wealthy Bostonian. The Wheatleys were impressed by young Phillis' intellect and they taught her to write and read, schooling her in history and literature.
- The first published poet. Phillis Wheatley, the first published African-American woman poet, is shown in an engraved portrait. Phillis Wheatley was the first African-American poet to publish a book.
- The first college graduate. Mary Jane Patterson made history when she graduated in 1862 from Oberlin College. Mary Jane Patterson was 16 years old when her family, among others, moved to Ohio in hopes of sending their children to college.
- The first nurse. Mary Eliza Mahoney is recognized as the first black nurse in the United States. Mary Eliza Mahoney, born in 1845, had been a cook, a janitor and a washerwoman before she began working at the New England Hospital for Women and Children, according to Jacksonville University.
- The first bank president. Maggie Lena Walker broke race and gender barriers as the first woman to establish and serve as president of a US bank. Maggie Lena Mitchell, the daughter of a former slave, went to public schools in Richmond, Virginia, became a teacher and established a newspaper before founding the St. Luke Penny Savings bank in 1903, according to the National Park Service.
Explore Inspirational Women with PBS. Harriet Tubman: 100 Years of Legacy ... America's first African American female combat pilot. ... Black History & Culture Collection.
Feb 18, 2018 · Women and African American History: 1492-1699 1492 • Columbus discovered America, from the perspective of Europeans. Queen Isabella of Spain declared all indigenous peoples her subjects, in the lands claimed by Columbus for Spain, preventing the Spanish conquerors from enslaving the Native Americans.
- Althea Gibson. I always wanted to be somebody. If I made it, it's half because I was game enough to take a lot of punishment along the way and half because there were a lot of people who carried me.
- Marian Wright Edelman. If you don't like the way the world is, you have an obligation to change it. Just do it one step at a time.
- Mary Jane Patterson. [Mary Jane Patterson] was a woman with a strong, forceful personality, and showed tremendous power for good in establishing high intellectual standards in the public schools.
- Gloria Richardson. We weren't going to stop until we got it, and if violence occurred, then we would have to accept that. - Gloria Richardson, May 13, 1964.
Feb 13, 2021 · Grimke, is a southern woman from a family of enslavers who, along with her sister, Sarah Moore Grimke, will become a North American 19th-century Black activist and women's rights proponent. With her sister and her husband, Theodore Weld, Angelina Grimke will also write "American Slavery As It Is," a major anti-enslavement text. 1806
- Althea Gibson. Unless you're a longtime tennis fan, you may not be familiar with Althea Gibson, who was the first Black woman to compete at Wimbledon in 1951, according to the International Tennis Hall Of Fame, opening doors for Black athletes everywhere.
- Amelia Boynton Robinson. Amelia Boynton Robinson helped organize the 1965 Selma March and became the first Black woman to run for Congress in Alabama. Although she didn't win, her campaign raised much-needed awareness about voter discrimination.
- Jane Bolin. Jane Bolin was a trailblazer for women of color who practice law — she was the first Black woman to graduate from Yale Law School and became the nation's first Black woman judge in 1939, according to the New York Times.
- Daisy Bates. After moving to Little Rock, Arkansas, Daisy Bates helped start one of the first Black newspapers that was entirely dedicated to the Civil Rights Movement, The National Women's History Museum notes.
- related to: african-american women in history