the Celtic languages (including Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx, Welsh, Cornish and Breton) the Afroasiatic languages (including Berber, Assyrian, Egyptian, Arabic, Biblical Hebrew and Ge'ez) the Austronesian languages (including Tagalog, Visayan, Pangasinan, Kapampangan, Kadazan Dusun, Hawaiian, Māori and Tongan). the Mayan languages (including ...
In July 2003, the Official Languages Act was signed, declaring Irish an official language, requiring public service providers to make services available in the language, which affected advertising, signage, announcements, public reports, and more. In 2007, Irish became an official working language of the European Union.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska, Nunavut, and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas. These indigenous languages consist of dozens of distinct language families, as well as many language isolates and unclassified languages.
There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, with over two thirds (313) of them belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch. All Indo-European languages are descendants of a single prehistoric language, reconstructed as Proto-Indo-European, spoken sometime in the Neolithic era.
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Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, researchers attempted to reconstruct the Proto-Afroasiatic language, suggesting it likely arose between 18,000 and 12,000 years ago in the Levant, suggesting that it may have descended from the Natufian culture and migrated into Africa before diverging into different languages.
List Languages with at least 50 million first-language speakers, millions (according to: Ethnologue) Afroasiatic languages Berber languages Chadic languages Cushitic languages Semitic languages Korean language Japonic languages Mongolic languages Tungusic languages Turkic languages Amerind languages (various families) Australian Aboriginal languages (various families) Austroasiatic languages ...
An etymological dictionary discusses the etymology of the words listed. Often, large dictionaries, such as the Oxford English Dictionary and Webster's, will contain some etymological information, without aspiring to focus on etymology.
Wikipedia is a multilingual online encyclopedia edited and maintained by a community of volunteer editors.As of November 2020 Wikipedia articles have been created in 314 languages, with 304 active and 10 closed.
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From Semite + -ic (18th century), from German semitisch, from Ancient Greek Σημ (Sēm), from the Hebrew שֵׁם (Šēm, “Shem”), the name of the eldest son of Noah in biblical tradition (Genesis 5.32, 6.10, 10.21), considered the forefather of the Semitic peoples. Perhaps derived from Akkadian 𒈬 (šumu, literally “name" or "son”). The word was coined and first applied to the Semitic languages by August Ludwig von Schlözerin 1781.
Semitic (not comparable) 1. Of or pertaining to a subdivision of Afro-Asiatic Semitic languages: Amharic, Arabic, Aramaic, Syriac, Akkadian, Hebrew, Maltese, Tigrigna, Phoenicianetc. 2. Of or pertaining to the Semites; of or pertaining to one or more Semitic peoples.quotations ▼ 2.1. 2008, Gary A. Tobin, The Trouble with Textbooks, page 93: 2.1.1. On the other hand, scholars say that the Philistines were an Indo-European people not related to the SemiticPalestinians. 2.2. For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:Semitic. 2.1. (biblical) Of or pertaining to the descendants of Shem, the eldest of three sons of Noah. 2.2. (in particular) Of or pertaining to the Israeli, Jewish, or Hebrewpeople. 2.3. Of or pertaining to any of the religions which originated among the Semites; Abrahamic.quotations ▼ 2.3.1. 1893, George Thomas Bettany, Mohammedanism and Other Religions of Mediterranean Countries, page 45: 188.8.131.52. Thus we trace ever and again the similarities which are to be foun...