Alamut ( Persian: الموت ) is a region in Iran including western and eastern parts in the western edge of the Alborz (Elburz) range, between the dry and barren plain of Qazvin in the south and the densely forested slopes of the Mazandaran province in the north. Starting from Qazvin toward Alamut, passing through the first range of hills ...
Kota kubu Hashshashin di Alamut. Alamūt ( Bahasa Parsi: الموت "Pengajaran Helang" atau "Sarang Helang") adalah sebuah kota kubu gunung yang terletak di tengah Pergunungan Alborz, selatan Laut Kaspia berdekatan dengan Gazor Khan di Wilayah Qazvin, kira-kira 100 km dari bandar Tehran di Iran. Kini, hanya sisa runtuhan kubu ini masih ...
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Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas. Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian. Wilayah Alamut di Iran. Alamut ( bahasa Persia: الموت; Alamūt) adalah sebuah kawasan yang terletak di Iran. Wilayah ini terletak di ujung barat pegunungan Alborz (Elburz) dan berada di antara dataran kering Qazvin di selatan dan lereng berhutan ...
- Origins and Name
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The Alamut castle was built by the Justanid ruler of Daylam, Wahsūdān ibn Marzubān, a follower of Zaydi Shi'ism, around 865 AD. During a hunting trip, he witnessed a soaring eagle perch down high on a rock.:29 Realizing the tactical advantage of this location, he chose the site for the construction of a fortress, which was called Aluh āmū[kh]t (اله آموت) by the natives, likely meaning "Eagle's Teaching" or "Nest of Punishment". The abjad numerical value of this word is 483, which is the date of the castle's capture by Hassan-i Sabbah (483 AH = 1090/91 AD).:29 Alamut remained under Justanid control until the arrival of the Isma'ili chief da’i (missionary) Hasan-i Sabbah to the castle in 1090 AD, marking the start of the Alamut period in NizariIsma'ili history.
Following his expulsion from Egypt over his support for Nizar ibn al-Mustansir, Hassan-i Sabbah found that his co-religionists, the Isma'ilis, were scattered throughout Persia, with a strong presence in the northern and eastern regions, particularly in Daylaman, Khorasan and Quhistan. The Ismailis and other occupied peoples of Iran held shared resentment for the ruling Seljuqs, who had divided the country's farmland into iqtā’ (fiefs) and levied heavy taxes upon the citizens living therein. The Seljuq amirs (independent rulers) usually held full jurisdiction and control over the districts they administered.:126 Meanwhile, Persian artisans, craftsmen and lower classes grew increasingly dissatisfied with the Seljuq policies and heavy taxes.:126 Hasan too, was appalled by the political and economic oppression imposed by the Sunni Seljuq ruling class on Shi'i Muslims living across Iran.:126It was in this context that he embarked on a resistance movement against the Seljuqs, beginning wi...
The natural geographical features of the valley surrounding Alamut largely secured the castle's defence. Positioned atop a narrow rock base approximately 180 m above ground level, the fortress could not be taken by direct military force.:27 To the east, the Alamut valley is bordered by a mountainous range called Alamkuh (The Throne of Solomon) between which the Alamut River flows. The valley's western entrance is a narrow one, shielded by cliffs over 350 m high. Known as the Shirkuh, the gorge sits at the intersection of three rivers: the Taliqan, Shahrud and Alamut River. For much of the year, the raging waters of the river made this entrance nearly inaccessible. Qazvin, the closest town to the valley by land can only be reached by an underdeveloped mule track upon which an enemy's presence could easily be detected given the dust clouds arising from their passage.:27 The military approach of the Nizari Ismaili state was largely a defensive one, with strategically chosen sites that...
During the medieval period, Western scholarship on the Ismailis contributed to the popular view of the community as a radical sect of assassins, believed to be trained for the precise murder of their adversaries. By the 14th century AD, European scholarship on the topic had not advanced much beyond the work and tales from the Crusaders.:14 The origins of the word forgotten, across Europe the term assassin' had taken the meaning of "professional murderer".:14 In 1603 the first Western publication on the topic of the Assassins was authored by a court official for King Henry IV and was mainly based on the narratives of Marco Polo (1254–1324) from his visits to the Near East. While he assembled the accounts of many Western travelers, the author failed to explain the etymology of the term Assassin.:15 The infamous Assassins were finally linked by orientalists scholar Silvestre de Sacy (d.1838) to the Arabic hashish using their variant names assassini and assissini in the 19th century. Ci...In 1918, Harold Lamb published a short story, "Alamut" in Adventure, featuring Lamb's recurring character, Khlit the Cossack.In 1938, Slovenian novelist Vladimir Bartol published the novel Alamut. Alamutis a canonical work of Slovene literature, and has been translated into most major literary languages."Alamut" is the code name for a meeting of terrorists in the 1971 novel, The Alamut Ambush, by Anthony Price.In his 1984 story "The Walking Drum", Louis L'Amouruses Alamut as the setting for the rescue of Kerbouchard's father.
Daftary, Farhad (2007). The Ismāʿı̄lı̄s: Their History and Doctrines (Second ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-61636-2.
Daftary, Farhad (2007). "Alamūt". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
Alamut is a novel by Vladimir Bartol, first published in 1938 in Slovenian, dealing with the story of Hassan-i Sabbah and the Hashshashin, and named after their Alamut fortress. Bartol first started to conceive the novel in the early 1930s, when he lived in Paris .
- Scala House Press
- Vladimir Bartol
Alamut (bahasa Persia: قلعه الموت atau hanya الموت yang dalam bahasa Arab dan Persia berarti istana kematian) adalah bekas benteng gunung yang terletak di tengah pegunungan Elburz, sebelah selatan Laut Kaspia, dekat dengan Gazor Khan, dekat Qazvin, sekitar 100 km dari ibu kota Iran, Tehran.