Albánie vyhlásila 28. listopadu 1912 nezávislost po první balkánské válce. V Londýně byla 29. července 1913 podepsána mírová smlouva, která Albánii již stanovila definitivně jako autonomní, suverénní a dědičné knížectví, jehož existence a neutralita byla garantována šesti velmocemi (Rakousko-Uhersko, Německo, Francie, Itálie, Spojené království a Rusko) a do ...
Politically, Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic and a developing country with an upper-middle income economy dominated by the service sector, followed by manufacturing. It went through a process of transition following the end of communism in 1990, from centralized planning to a market-based economy.
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Albania–Czech Republic relations are foreign relations between Albania and the Czech Republic. Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 5, 1922. Albania has an embassy in Prague and the Czech Republic has an embassy in Tirana. Both countries are members of OSCE and NATO.
The history of Albania forms a part of the history of Europe. During the classical times, Albania was home to several Illyrian tribes such as the Ardiaei, Albanoi, Amantini, Enchele, Taulantii and many others, but also Thracian and Greek tribes, as well as several Greek colonies established on the Illyrian coast.
Albania is a small country in Southern, Southeastern Europe and Western Balkans strategically positioned on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea inside the Mediterranean Sea, with a coastline of about 476 km (296 mi). It is bounded by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east and Greece to the southeast and south.
- Armed Forces
- Flora and Fauna
Albania was the southern part of Illyria during the Roman Empire. In the Middle Ages the Albanians were ruled by many foreign countries, including the Byzantine and Venetian Empires and during the 16th century resistance to the Ottoman Empire's rule was led by the Albanian national hero Skanderberg but his real name was Gjergj Kastrioti. After four centuries of Turkish domination, finally in the 20th century an independent Albania was created. In 1939 Albania was conquered by fascist Italy and was part of the Kingdom of Italy until 1943. After World War II Albania became independent again, under communist rule. It was ruled by Enver Hoxha, who died in 1985. Ramiz Alia took over and also later became President when, in 1992, Albania returned to democracy, and it now has friendly relations with the European Union, which it has applied to join.
The Albanian Armed Forces were first formed after independence in 1912. Albania reduced the number of active troops from 65,000 in 1988 to 14,500 in 2009.The military now is mostly a small fleet of aircraft and sea vessels.
Albania has a total area of 28,748 square kilometers. Albania's coastline length is 476 km (296 mi).:240 It goes along the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. On the coast there are mild, wet winters and warm, sunny, and rather dry summers. 70% of the country is mountains. The highest mountain is Korab. Albania is bordered by Greece, the Republic of North Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo. A short stretch of sea separates Albania from the far southeast of Italy.
Although a small country, Albania has a lot of variety in plants and animals. The total number of plants is over 3250 species. There are over 350 bird species, 330 freshwater and marine fish and 80 mammal species. The Golden Eagleis the national symbol of Albania.
Jun 05, 2021 · Albánská republika sousedí s Kosovem/Srbskem, Makedonií, Řeckem. Leží na břehu Iónského može. Hlavním městem je Tirana.
a 502,546 Albanian citizens, an additional 43,751 Kosovo Albanians and 260,000 Arbëreshë people b Albanians are not recognized as a minority in Turkey. However approximately 500,000 people are reported to profess an Albanian identity.
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