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  1. According to a 1971 documentary on the history of Alcatraz, the island measures 1,675 feet (511 m) by 590 feet (180 m) and is 135 feet (41 m) at highest point during mean tide. The total area of the island is reported to be 22 acres (8.9 ha).

    Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcatraz_Island
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  3. History & Culture - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    www.nps.gov/alca/learn/historyculture/index.htm

    Feb 12, 2020 · Historic Christmas 1954 menu for the Alcatraz prisoners. Park Archives, GGNRA, NPS The Fascinating History of Alcatraz Island. Alcatraz has a many-layered history: Civil War fortress, military prison, federal prison, bird sanctuary, first lighthouse on the West Coast, and the birthplace of the American Indian Red Power movement: These are just a few of the fascinating stories of the Rock.

  4. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/place/Alcatraz-Island

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

    • The History of Alcatraz Island
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    • Layers of History on Alcatraz Island
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    • Alcatraz - A Brief History
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    • HISTORY OF | History of Alcatraz
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  5. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcatraz_Island

    According to a 1971 documentary on the history of Alcatraz, the island measures 1,675 feet (511 m) by 590 feet (180 m) and is 135 feet (41 m) at highest point during mean tide. The total area of the island is reported to be 22 acres (8.9 ha).

    • 1934; 86 years ago
    • San Francisco, California
  6. Welcome to Alcatraz History. Alcatraz History was designed to help introduce you to the rich history of Alcatraz during the penitentiary years and many of the convicts who called “the Rock” home. From the 1934 until 1963, Alcatraz was America's premier maximum-security prison, the final stop for the nation's most incorrigible prisoners.

  7. Sitting like a beacon in the middle of the San Francisco Bay of California is Alcatraz Island. Though most prominently known for the years it served as a maximum-security prison, the “Rock’s” history stretches far beyond those infamous days, and its legends and stories continue to find their way into American lore.

  8. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/crime/alcatraz

    Alcatraz is a former federal prison located on an island in San Fransisco Bay. The prison once housed some of America’s most difficult and dangerous felons during its years of operation from ...

    • 3 min
  9. HISTORY OF ALCATRAZ - Alcatraz Now

    alcatraznow.com/alcatraz
    • Escape from Alcatraz. Alcatraz Island has been used as a site for several films including: Birdman of Alcatraz (1962), The Enforcer (1976), Escape From Alcaltraz (1979), Murder in the First (1995), The Rock (1996), Catch Me If You Can (2002), X-Men: The Last Stand (2006), and The Book of Eli (2010).
    • ALCATRAZ HISTORY.
    • Alcatraz Discovery. The island was first documented in 1775 by Spanish explorer, Juan Manuel de Ayala. Juan Manuel de Ayala had mapped the San Francisco Bay and called this particular island “La isla de los alcatraces”, meaning “Island of the Pelicans”, because the Island was home to large colonies of brown pelicans.
    • Alcatraz Military Outpost. In 1846, John C. Freemont, Military Governor of California, purchased Alcatraz Island on behalf of the United States Government from Mexican Governor, Pio Pico, for $5,000.
  10. 6 Fun Facts: Alcatraz Island History | Loews Regency San ...

    www.loewshotels.com/blog/alcatraz-island-history
    • There have never been any confirmed prisoner escapes from Alcatraz. This one shocked me! With the popularity of the 1979 movie, Escape from Alcatraz, about a group of three men who used spoons to escape “The Rock,” I’m positive I’m not the only who believed this myth.
    • The island was home to prisoners as early as the 1850s. When San Francisco was put on the map during the Gold Rush of the 1840s, Alcatraz was used for military prisoners.
    • It is technically possible to swim to shore. In 1962, one inmate managed to squeeze through a window and swim to shore. Unfortunately, he was so tired by the time he reached land, that the police found him lying unconscious at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    • At any given time, there were about 300 civilians living on Alcatraz that included both women and children. The families of the guard staff lived on the island, of course.
  11. Alcatraz Island history – The Mercury News

    www.mercurynews.com/.../20/alcatraz-island-history

    Mar 20, 2013 · The following is a timeline of Alcatraz history, with information provided by the park service. 1853 — U.S. military begins construction of a fort on Alcatraz Island to defend San Francisco Bay.

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